Sir Edward German (17 February 1862 – 11 November 1936) was an English musician and composer of Welsh descent, best remembered for his extensive output of incidental music for the stage and as a successor to Arthur Sullivan in the field of English comic opera. Some of his light operas, especially Merrie England, are still performed.
As a youth, German played the violin and led the town orchestra of Whitchurch, Shropshire. He also began to compose music. While performing and teaching violin at the Royal Academy of Music, German began to build a career as a composer in the mid-1880s, writing serious music as well as light opera. In 1888, he became music director of Globe Theatre in London. He provided popular incidental music for many productions at the Globe and other London theatres, including Richard III (1889), Henry VIII (1892) and Nell Gwynn (1900). He also wrote symphonies, orchestral suites, symphonic poems and other works. He also wrote a considerable body of songs, piano music, and symphonic suites and other concert music, of which his Welsh Rhapsody (1904) is perhaps best known.
German was engaged to finish The Emerald Isle after the death of Arthur Sullivan in 1900, the success of which led to more comic operas, including Merrie England (1902) and Tom Jones (1907). He also wrote the Just So Song Book in 1903 to Rudyard Kipling's texts and continued to write orchestral music. German wrote little new music of his own after 1912, but he continued to conduct until 1928, the year in which he was knighted.
Birth and Death Data: Born February 17, 1862 (Whitchurch), Died November 11, 1936 (London)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1901 - 1929
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 80 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1188||10-in.||1/4/1902||Bouree-Scotch dance||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1188||7-in.||1/4/1902||Bouree : Scotch dance||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1189||10-in.||1/4/1902||Gigue, scotch jig||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1189||7-in.||1/4/1902||Gigue : Jig||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix D-]2026||14-in.||1903||Three dances||Victor Grand Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix C-]2045[a]||12-in.||1903||Dances||Victor Symphony Orchestra||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix C-]2046[a]||12-in.||1903||Dances||Victor Symphony Orchestra||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]3337||10-in.||5/7/1901||Shepherd's dance||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix C-]31030||12-in.||1901-1902||Dances||Victor Symphony Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix C-]31031||12-in.||1901-1902||Dances||Victor Symphony Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-344||10-in.||8/25/1903||Graceful dance||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||A-344||7-in.||8/25/1903||Graceful dance||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-1142||10-in.||3/19/1904||Shepherd's dance||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||A-1142||7-in.||3/19/1904||Shepherd's dance||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-1517||10-in.||6/24/1904||Morris dance||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-8276||10-in.||10/4/1909||Roses in June||Reed Miller||Male vocal solo, with harp and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-9458||10-in.||9/16/1910||Rolling down to Rio||Albert G. Janpolski||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-9520||10-in.||10/5/1910||Rolling down to Rio||Herbert Witherspoon||Bass vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-9908||10-in.||2/6/1911||Shepherd's dance||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-10494||10-in.||5/24/1911||Who'll buy my lavender?||Ethel S. Elliot||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-10595||12-in.||6/26/1911||Dream o' day Jill||Helen Protheroe||Female vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||C-15131||12-in.||8/7/1914||Dances from Henry VIII||Conway's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-16627||10-in.||10/8/1915||The drummer-boy||Frederick J. Wheeler||Male vocal solo, with drum and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-17128||12-in.||2/8/1916||Country dance from Nell Gwyn||Victor Military Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-18065||10-in.||7/6/1916||Pastoral dance||Conway's Band||Band||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "German, Edward," accessed January 25, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102993.
German, Edward. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 25, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102993.
"German, Edward." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 25 January 2022.
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