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Antonín Dvořák

Antonín Leopold Dvořák ( d(ə-)VOR-zha(h)k, Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopold ˈdvor̝aːk] (listen); 8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer, one of the first to achieve worldwide recognition. Following the Romantic-era nationalist example of his predecessor Bedřich Smetana, Dvořák frequently employed rhythms and other aspects of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák's own style has been described as "the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them".

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt violin student from age six. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was aged 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but did not win, and the unreturned manuscript was lost until rediscovered many decades later. In 1874 he made a submission to the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Although Dvořák was not aware of it, Johannes Brahms was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák in 1874 and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák's international reputation was launched at last.

Dvořák's first piece of a religious nature, his setting of Stabat Mater, was premiered in Prague in 1880. It was very successfully performed in London in 1883, leading to many other performances in the United Kingdom and United States. In his career, Dvořák made nine invited visits to England, often conducting performances of his own works. His Seventh Symphony was written for London. Visiting Russia in March 1890, he conducted concerts of his own music in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In 1891 Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory. In 1890–91, he wrote his Dumky Trio, one of his most successful chamber music pieces. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City. While in the United States, Dvořák wrote his two most successful orchestral works: the Symphony From the New World, which spread his reputation worldwide, and his Cello Concerto, one of the most highly regarded of all cello concerti. He also wrote his most appreciated piece of chamber music, the American String Quartet, during this time. But shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness, led him to leave the United States and return to Bohemia in 1895.

All of Dvořák's nine operas but his first have librettos in Czech and were intended to convey Czech national spirit, as were some of his choral works. By far the most successful of the operas is Rusalka. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile... composer of his time".

Birth and Death Data: Born September 8th, 1841 (Nelahozeves), Died May 1st, 1904 (Prague)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1902 - 1941

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger

Recordings (Results 201-225 of 288 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Columbia 98515 12-in. 4/6/1928 Songs my mother taught me The Orpheus Club Male vocal chorus, unaccompanied composer  
Columbia 98689 12-in. 4/9/1930 Goin' home Louis Graveure Tenor vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 43857 10-in. either 1915 or 1916 Měsičku na nebi hlubokém Erma Žárská Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
OKeh 156 10-in. ca. June 1918 Castle valse classique Jazarimba Orchestra Instrumental ensemble composer  
OKeh S-7452 10-in. May 1920 From the New World : Largo Henry Hadley Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
OKeh S-7453 10-in. May 1920 From the New World : Largo Henry Hadley Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
OKeh S-70452 10-in. Feb. 1922 Valse bohemienne The Florence Society Dance Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
OKeh S-71340 10-in. Mar. 1923 Humoresque Hugo Kortschak ; Justin Ring Violin solo, with piano composer  
OKeh S-72301 10-in. Jan. 1924 Humoreske Elinor Remick Warren Piano solo composer  
OKeh W401085 10-in. 8/30/1928 Humoresque Eugene Ormandy ; Steffy Goldner Ormandy Violin solo, with harp composer  
Brunswick 750 10-in. approximately early 1917 Humoresque Peerless Orchestra Instrumental ensemble composer  
Brunswick X5458 12-in. approximately Apr. 1921 Humoresque Frederic Persson ; Max Rosen Violin solo, with piano composer  
Brunswick X4425-X4426 12-in. approximately Oct. 1920 Humoresque Frederic Persson ; Max Rosen Violin solo, with piano composer  
Brunswick X9206-X9207 12-in. approximately Nov. 1922 Quartet in F major : Scherzo New York String Quartet String quartet composer  
Brunswick X9208-X9209 12-in. approximately Nov. 1922 Quartet in F major : Lento New York String Quartet String quartet composer  
Brunswick X12294-X12295 12-in. 1/15/1924 Humoreske Fredric Fradkin Violin solo, with orchestra composer  
Brunswick 12305-12306 10-in. 1/16/1924 Songs my mother taught me Florence Easton ; Fredric Fradkin Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra and violin obbligato composer  
Brunswick X12472-X12474 12-in. 2/6/1924 Humoreske Fredric Fradkin Violin solo, with orchestra composer  
Brunswick 15053-15055 10-in. 3/4/1925 Songs my mother taught me Elshuco Trio Instrumental trio composer  
Brunswick X15199-X15201 12-in. 3/17/1925 Goin’ home Maria Ivogun Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Brunswick E29744 10-in. May 1929 Songs my mother taught me Kathryn Meisle Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Brunswick XE16850-XE16852 12-in. 11/6/1925 Goin' home Mario Chamlee Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Brunswick XE16928-XE16929 12-in. 11/18/1925 Goin' home Mario Chamlee Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Brunswick XE17045-XE17046 12-in. 12/4/1925 Goin' home Mario Chamlee Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Brunswick XC4096 12-in. 8/16/1929 Humoreske Instrumentalist(s) [unidentified; Brunswick Records] Violin solo composer  
(Results 201-225 of 288 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Dvořák, Antonín," accessed January 24, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103102.

Dvořák, Antonín. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 24, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103102.

"Dvořák, Antonín." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 24 January 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103102

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