Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff (10 March 1788 – 26 November 1857) was a Prussian poet, novelist, playwright, literary critic, translator, and anthologist. Eichendorff was one of the major writers and critics of Romanticism. Ever since their publication and up to the present day, some of his works have been very popular in Germany.
Eichendorff first became famous for his 1826 novella Aus dem Leben eines Taugenichts (freely translated: Memoirs of a Good-for-Nothing) and his poems. The Memoirs of a Good-for-Nothing is a typical Romantic novella whose main themes are wanderlust and love. The protagonist, the son of a miller, rejects his father's trade and becomes a gardener at a Viennese palace where he subsequently falls in love with the local duke's daughter. As, with his lowly status, she is unattainable for him, he escapes to Italy - only to return and learn that she is the duke's adopted daughter, and thus within his social reach. With its combination of dream world and realism, Memoirs of a Good-for-Nothing is considered to be a high point of Romantic fiction. One critic stated that Eichendorff's Good-for-Nothing is the "personification of love of nature and an obsession with hiking." Thomas Mann called Eichendorff's Good-for-Nothing a combination of "the purity of the folk song and the fairy tale."
Many of Eichendorff's poems were first published as integral parts of his novellas and stories, where they are often performed in song by one of the protagonists. The novella Good-for-Nothing alone contains 54 poems.
Birth and Death Data: Born March 10, 1788 (Castle Lubowitz), Died November 26, 1857 (Nysa)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1910 - 1938
Roles Represented in DAHR: lyricist
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-8233||10-in.||10/4/1923||Mondnacht||Ernestine Schumann-Heink||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-14742||10-in.||4/22/1914||Heimweh||Margarethe Arndt-Ober||Contralto vocal solo, with piano||lyricist|
|Victor||B-27624||10-in.||2/27/1923||Jägers Abschied||Deutsches Opernhaus Quartett||Male vocal quartet, with instrumental quartet||lyricist|
|Victor||BS-017026||10-in.||11/11/1937||Liederkreis||Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||lyricist|
|Victor||BS-017027||10-in.||11/11/1937||Liederkreis||Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||lyricist|
|Victor||BS-017028||10-in.||11/11/1937||Liederkreis||Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||lyricist|
|Victor||BS-017029||10-in.||11/11/1937||Liederkreis||Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||lyricist|
|Victor||BS-017030||10-in.||11/11/1937||Liederkreis||Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||lyricist|
|Victor||BS-017031||10-in.||11/11/1937||Liederkreis||Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||lyricist|
|Victor||BS-017032||10-in.||11/11/1937||Liederkreis||Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||lyricist|
|Victor||BS-017033||10-in.||11/11/1937||Liederkreis||Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||lyricist|
|Victor||BS-030745||10-in.||12/21/1938||In einem kühlen Grunde||Trapp Family Choir ; Franz Wasner||Mixed vocal chorus, unaccompanied||lyricist|
|Columbia||4543||10-in.||ca. June 1910||The hunter's farewell||Archibald Brothers' Quartette||Male vocal quartet, unaccompanied||lyricist|
|Columbia||46169||10-in.||11/1/1915||Heimweh||Robert Leonhardt||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Columbia||80598||10-in.||10/10/1922||Moonlight||Barbara Maurel||Mezzo-soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Columbia||30495||12-in.||5/12/1910||Waldgespräch||Lillian Nordica||Soprano vocal solo||lyricist|
|Columbia||CO22056||10-in.||approximately 1937||Nachtlied||Ernst Wolff ; Ernst Wolff||Baritone vocal solo, with piano (self-accompaniment)||lyricist|
|Brunswick||12896-12897||10-in.||4/17/1924||Frühlingsfahrt||Friedrich Schorr||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Brunswick||337bd||12-in.||1927||Heimweh||Franz Rupp ; Heinrich Schlusnus||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||lyricist|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Eichendorff, Joseph," accessed January 27, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103132.
Eichendorff, Joseph. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 27, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103132.
"Eichendorff, Joseph." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 27 January 2023.
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