Joel (or Yoel) Engel (Russian: Юлий Дмитриевич (Йоэль) Энгель, Yuliy Dmitrievich (Yoel) Engel, 1868—1927) was a music critic, composer and one of the leading figures in the Jewish art music movement. Born in Russia, and later moving to Berlin and then to Palestine, Engel has been called "the true founding father of the modern renaissance of Jewish music."
As a composer, teacher, and organizer, Engel inspired a generation of Jewish classical musicians to rediscover their ethnic roots and create a new style of nationalist Jewish music, modelled after the national music movements of Russia, Slovakia, Hungary and elsewhere in Europe. This style - developed by composers Alexander Krein, Lazare Saminsky, Mikhail Gnesin, Solomon Rosowsky, and others - was an important influence on the music of many twentieth-century composers, as well as on the folk music of Israel. His work in preserving the musical tradition of the shtetl - the 19th-century Jewish village of eastern Europe - made possible the revival of klezmer music today.
Birth and Death Data: Born April 28th, 1868 (Berdiansk), Died February 11th, 1927 (Tel Aviv)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1918 - 1929
Roles Represented in DAHR: arranger, composer
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-21865||10-in.||5/29/1918||Main harz zugeiht in mir||Elizabeth Gutman||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||arranger|
|Victor||B-21866||10-in.||5/29/1918||Schein bin ich||Elizabeth Gutman||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||arranger|
|Victor||C-27445||12-in.||1/31/1923||Ahavat rahya||Mordechai Hershman||Tenor vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble||arranger|
|Victor||CVE-49880||12-in.||2/27/1929||Kosel marovi||Lea Golinkin||Female vocal solo, with instrumental quartet||composer|
|Victor||BVE-49881||10-in.||2/27/1929||A lullaby||Lea Golinkin||Female vocal solo, with instrumental quartet||composer|
|Victor||BVE-49882||10-in.||2/27/1929||Etelle and Mottele||Lea Golinkin ; Aleksandr Vikinskiĭ||Female-male vocal duet, with instrumental quartet||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Engel, Joel," accessed December 5, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103177.
Engel, Joel. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 5, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103177.
"Engel, Joel." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 5 December 2020.
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