Charles Henry Christian (July 29, 1916 – March 2, 1942) was an American swing and jazz guitarist.
Christian was an important early performer on the electric guitar and a key figure in the development of bebop and cool jazz. He gained national exposure as a member of the Benny Goodman Sextet and Orchestra from August 1939 to June 1941. His single-string technique, combined with amplification, helped bring the guitar out of the rhythm section and into the forefront as a solo instrument. John Hammond and George T. Simon called Christian the best improvisational talent of the swing era. In the liner notes to the album Solo Flight: The Genius of Charlie Christian (Columbia, 1972), Gene Lees wrote that "Many critics and musicians consider that Christian was one of the founding fathers of bebop, or if not that, at least a precursor to it."
Christian's influence reached beyond jazz and swing. In 1990, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in the category Early Influence.
In 2006 Oklahoma City renamed a street in its Bricktown entertainment district "Charlie Christian Avenue" (Christian was raised in Oklahoma City and was one of many musicians who jammed along the city's "Deep Deuce" section on N.E. Second Street).
Birth and Death Data: Born July 29th, 1916 (Dallas), Died March 2nd, 1942 (Staten Island)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1939 - 1941
Roles Represented in DAHR: guitar
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||BS-041408||10-in.||9/11/1939||Hot mallets||Lionel Hampton Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Victor||BS-060331||10-in.||1/16/1941||Bugle call rag||Metronome All Star Band||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Victor||BS-060332||10-in.||1/16/1941||One o'clock jump||Metronome All Star Band||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, guitar|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Christian, Charlie," accessed July 27, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103283.
Christian, Charlie. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved July 27, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103283.
"Christian, Charlie." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 27 July 2021.
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