Image Source: Wikipedia

Aleksandr Sergeevich Dargomyzhski

Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky (Russian: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Даргомы́жский) (14 February [O.S. 2 February] 1813 – 17 January [O.S. 5 January] 1869) was a 19th-century Russian composer. He bridged the gap in Russian opera composition between Mikhail Glinka and the later generation of The Five and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

Dargomyzhsky was born in Troitsko village, Belyovsky District, Tula Governorate, and educated in Saint Petersburg. He was already known as a talented musical amateur when in 1833 he met Mikhail Glinka and was encouraged to devote himself to composition. His opera Esmeralda (libretto by composer, based on Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre Dame) was composed in 1839 (performed 1847), and his Rusalka was performed in 1856; but he had little success or recognition either at home or abroad, except in Belgium, until the 1860s, when he became the elder statesman, but not a member, of The Five.

His last opera, The Stone Guest, is his most famous work, known as a pioneering effort in melodic recitative. With the orchestration and the end of the first scene left incomplete at his death, it was finished by César Cui and Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, and was much prized by The Five for what was perceived as its progressive approach to operatic expression. It was premiered in 1872, but never became a lasting standard operatic repertoire item.

Dargomyzhsky also left some unfinished opera projects, among them an attempted setting of Pushkin's Poltava, from which a duet survives. Besides operas, his other compositions include numerous songs, piano pieces, and some orchestral works.

He died in Saint Petersburg in 1869, aged 55.

Birth and Death Data: Born February 14, 1813 (Q23881797), Died January 1, 1869 (Saint Petersburg)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1903 - 1939

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.


Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-17024 10-in. 1/18/1916 Dushechka devit͡sa (Душечка девица) Nina Dimitrieff Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-17028 12-in. 1/18/1916 Ja skasaba satchern Nina Dimitrieff Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-21593 10-in. 3/21/1918 Rusalka (Русалка) Andre Arensen Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BS-036584 10-in. 5/2/1939 I greave Sidor Belarsky Male vocal solo, with instrumental trio composer  
Victor [Trial 1914-06-26-01] Not documented 6/26/1914 So told me my mother Nina Dimitrieff Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 39374 10-in. 5/13/1914 Noczevaka tuczka zolotaja Medvedieff Trio Male vocal trio, with piano composer  
Columbia 35185 10-in. first half of 1903 Tuchki nebesnyi͡a M. A. Michailova Soprano vocal solo composer  
Brunswick E19529-E19530 10-in. 6/10/1926 Duschecka dievisa Isa Kremer Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Gramophone 2808L 10-in. 1905 Russian folk song M. A. Michailova ; Kalvdija Alekseevna Turgarinova Vocal duet (soprano and contralto), with piano composer  
Gramophone 3510L 10-in. 1905 Stary kapral Stanisław Tarnawski Bass vocal solo composer  


Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Dargomyzhski, Aleksandr Sergeevich," accessed August 19, 2022,

Dargomyzhski, Aleksandr Sergeevich. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved August 19, 2022, from

"Dargomyzhski, Aleksandr Sergeevich." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 19 August 2022.

DAHR Persistent Identifier


Wikipedia content provided under the terms of the Creative Commons BY-SA license


Send the Editors a message about this record.