Alois Melichar

Alois Melichar (18 April 1896, in Vienna – 9 April 1976, in Munich) was an Austrian composer, conductor, arranger, and music critic. He was a student of Joseph Marx at the Vienna Academy of Music, then of Franz Schreker at the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin, but later became increasingly culturally conservative.

From 1923 to 1926 Melichar was in the Caucasus, where he collected materials on Caucasian folk songs. He then lived in Berlin and Vienna. As a composer, he followed the safe footpath of Max Reger, Hans Pfitzner, and Graener; he wrote a symphonic poem, Der Dom (1934); Rhapsodie über ein schwedisches Valkslied (1939); Lustspiel-Ouvertüre (1942); lieder; and film music.

Under contract to UFA he composed music for many films during the National Socialist period.

After World War II Melichar became increasingly polemic in his attacks on modernist music. His pamphlets include Die unteilbare Musik ("Indivisible music" 1952), Musik in der Zwangsjacke ("Music in the Straitjacket" 1958), and Schönberg und die Folgen ("Schoenberg and his Consequences" 1960).

Birth and Death Data: Born April 18th, 1876 (Vienna), Died April 9th, 1976 (Munich)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1934

Roles Represented in DAHR: conductor, composer, arranger

Notes: Sometimes listed in Victor ledgers as Aloys.


Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BS-86467 10-in. 12/17/1934 Waltz time in Vienna Florence Richardson Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  


Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Melichar, Alois," accessed July 31, 2021,

Melichar, Alois. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved July 31, 2021, from

"Melichar, Alois." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 31 July 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier



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