Alois Melichar (18 April 1896, in Vienna – 9 April 1976, in Munich) was an Austrian composer, conductor, arranger, and music critic. He was a student of Joseph Marx at the Vienna Academy of Music, then of Franz Schreker at the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin, but later became increasingly culturally conservative.
From 1923 to 1926 Melichar was in the Caucasus, where he collected materials on Caucasian folk songs. He then lived in Berlin and Vienna. As a composer, he followed the safe footpath of Max Reger, Hans Pfitzner, and Graener; he wrote a symphonic poem, Der Dom (1934); Rhapsodie über ein schwedisches Valkslied (1939); Lustspiel-Ouvertüre (1942); lieder; and film music.
Under contract to UFA he composed music for many films during the National Socialist period.
After World War II Melichar became increasingly polemic in his attacks on modernist music. His pamphlets include Die unteilbare Musik ("Indivisible music" 1952), Musik in der Zwangsjacke ("Music in the Straitjacket" 1958), and Schönberg und die Folgen ("Schoenberg and his Consequences" 1960).
Birth and Death Data: Born April 18, 1876 (Vienna), Died April 9, 1976 (Munich)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1929 - 1935
Roles Represented in DAHR: conductor, composer, arranger, lyricist
Notes: Sometimes listed in Victor ledgers as Aloys.
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||BS-86467||10-in.||12/17/1934||Waltz time in Vienna||Florence Richardson Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Brunswick||210½bv||10-in.||1929||Carmen : Fantasia||Alois Melichar ; The Opera Orchestra, Berlin-Charlottenberg||Orchestra||conductor|
|Brunswick||211½bv||10-in.||1929||Carmen : Fantasia||Alois Melichar ; The Opera Orchestra, Berlin-Charlottenberg||Orchestra||conductor|
|Brunswick||368¾bs||12-in.||1929||Schwanda, the bagpipe-player||Alois Melichar ; The Opera Orchestra, Berlin-Charlottenberg||Orchestra||conductor|
|Brunswick||369½bs||12-in.||1929||Schwanda, the bagpipe-player||Alois Melichar ; The Opera Orchestra, Berlin-Charlottenberg||Orchestra||conductor|
|Brunswick||873½bi||12-in.||1929||Hungarian march C minor||Alois Melichar ; Städtische Oper Berlin||Orchestra||conductor|
|Brunswick||935bi||10-in.||1930||Mignon : Overture, pt. 1||Alois Melichar ; The Opera Orchestra, Berlin-Charlottenberg||Orchestra||conductor|
|Brunswick||936bi||10-in.||1930||Mignon : Overture, pt. 2||Alois Melichar ; The Opera Orchestra, Berlin-Charlottenberg||Orchestra||conductor|
|Brunswick||937bi||12-in.||1930||Twin brothers : Overture||Alois Melichar ; The Opera Orchestra, Berlin-Charlottenberg||Orchestra||conductor|
|Brunswick||1073bi||12-in.||1930||Capriccio italien||Alois Melichar ; The State Opera Orchestra, Berlin||Orchestra||conductor|
|Brunswick||1074bi||12-in.||1930||Eugen Onegin : Polonaise||Alois Melichar ; The State Opera Orchestra, Berlin||Orchestra||conductor|
|Gramophone||0RA721||10-in.||9/10/1935||Serenata veneziana (Komm', Liebste, in die Gondel)||Marcel Wittrisch||Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble||composer, lyricist|
|Gramophone||0D1684||10-in.||9/6/1933||An der Donau||Kapelle Ludwig Rüth||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||composer|
|Columbia (U.K.)||CL4800||10-in.||4/10/1934||La guerre des valses||Marcel Carivan ; Germaine Cernay||Mezzo-soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Melichar, Alois," accessed November 29, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103339.
Melichar, Alois. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved November 29, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103339.
"Melichar, Alois." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 29 November 2022.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
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