Pope Leo XIII
Pope Leo XIII (Italian: Leone XIII; born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci; 2 March 1810 – 20 July 1903) was head of the Catholic Church from 20 February 1878 to his death. He was the oldest pope (reigning until the age of 93), and had the third-longest confirmed pontificate, behind those of Pius IX (his immediate predecessor) and John Paul II.
He is well known for his intellectualism and his attempts to define the position of the Catholic Church with regard to modern thinking. In his famous 1891 encyclical Rerum novarum, Pope Leo outlined the rights of workers to a fair wage, safe working conditions, and the formation of trade unions, while affirming the rights of property and free enterprise, opposing both socialism and laissez-faire capitalism. He influenced Mariology of the Catholic Church and promoted both the rosary and the scapular.
Leo XIII issued a record of eleven papal encyclicals on the rosary earning him the title as the "Rosary Pope". In addition, he approved two new Marian scapulars and was the first pope to fully embrace the concept of Mary as Mediatrix. He was the first pope to have never held any control over the Papal States, after they had been dissolved by 1870. He was briefly buried in the grottos of Saint Peter's Basilica before his remains were later transferred to the Basilica of Saint John Lateran.
Birth and Death Data: Born 1810 (Carpineto Romano), Died 1903 (Apostolic Palace)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1903 - 1904
Roles Represented in DAHR: speaker
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Columbia||1969||10-in.||2/5/1903||Ave Maria||Pope Leo XIII||Recitation||speaker|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Leo XIII, Pope," accessed October 25, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103616.
Leo XIII, Pope. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 25, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103616.
"Leo XIII, Pope." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 25 October 2020.
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