Joaquín Valverde [1946-1910]

Joaquín Valverde Durán (27 February 1846 in Badajoz – 17 March 1910 in Madrid) was a Spanish composer, conductor and flautist. As a composer he is known for his collaborations on zarzuelas (he has been described as "the collaborative musician par excellence"). He was also the father of Joaquín "Quinito" Valverde Sanjuán, who achieved a greater level of fame.

He studied at the Madrid Conservatory under José Aranguren (harmony), Pedro Sarmiento (flute) and Emilio Arrieta (composition). He was a brilliant flautist, playing in military bands and theatre orchestras from the age of 13, and winning first prize in flute at the Conservatory in 1867. He won the composition prize in 1870. He wrote two manuals for flautists (1874; La flauta: su historia, su estudia, 1886). Between 1871 and 1889 he was a professional theatre conductor.

His first symphony Batylo was written in 1871. His reputation as a composer was made, however, with a series of zarzuelas (light operas), written in collaboration with Federico Chueca. It appears that Chueca provided most of the melodies and Valverde provided the orchestral polish. They worked together on Un maestro de obra prima (1877), La Canción de la Lola (1880), Luces y sombras and Fiesta Nacional (both 1882), Cádiz (1886), El año pasado por agua (1889), and other operas. Their masterpiece was La gran vía (Madrid, 2 July 1886), which was played in Spain, Mexico, Argentina, New York, Vienna, and many other theatres in Europe. It was premiered in London in 1906 as Castles in Spain.

A march from Cádiz (originally a hymn to a general, written in 1868 by Chueca alone) proved enormously popular in Spain, and it competed for popularity with the national anthem among the military. Both Valverde and Chueca were awarded the Military Grand Cross.

Valverde also collaborated with Manuel Fernández Caballero, Julián Romea, Ruperto Chapí, Arturo Saco del Valle, José Rogel, Tomás Bretón, Tomás López Torregrosa and José Serrano (La suerte loca, 1907). Less successful were operas Valverde wrote alone, such as La baraja francesa (1890).

His other works include two symphonies and over 200 other orchestral works.

His son "Quinito" Valverde (Joaquín Valverde Sanjuán) carried on his father's tradition.

Birth and Death Data: Born February 27, 1846 (Badajoz), Died March 18, 1910 (Madrid)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1896 - 1936

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, songwriter

Notes: Joaquín Valverde Durán, father of composer Joaquín "Quinito" Valverde y San Juan.

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 104 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Berliner 1201 7-in. 5/7/1896 Nina pancha Ferruccio Giannini Tenor vocal solo composer  
Berliner 0981 7-in. Before June 1900 Caballero de gracia E. Francisco Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]418 7-in. 10/16/1900 Caballero de gracia Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]732 10-in. 4/12/1901 Tango de los negritos Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]732 7-in. 4/12/1901 Tango de los negritos Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1310 10-in. 3/11/1902 Niña pancha : Pasa calle Antonio Vargas Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1310 7-in. 3/11/1902 Niña pancha : Pasa calle Antonio Vargas Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1653 10-in. 10/2/1902 Cancion del ciego Antonio Vargas Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1653 7-in. 10/2/1902 Canción del ciego Antonio Vargas Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3268 10-in. 4/12/1901 El tango de los negritos Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3393 10-in. 5/24/1901 Caballero de gracia Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor B-977 10-in. 1/26/1904 Tango de los negritos Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor A-1433 7-in. 6/7/1904 Caballero de gracia Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor B-1735 10-in. 10/5/1904 Tango de los negritos Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-2151 10-in. 1/17/1905 Caballero de gracia Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-3487 10-in. 6/21/1906 The swallows Victor Orchestra Orchestra, with cello obbligato composer  
Victor B-3617 10-in. 7/26/1906 Marcha de la Constitución Victor Argentine Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-3740 10-in. 8/22/1906 Vals caballero de gracia Carlos Cáceres Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-6952 10-in. 3/31/1909 The swallows waltz Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor C-6953 12-in. 3/31/1909 The swallows waltz Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor C-12576 12-in. 11/5/1912 La gran vía : Potpourri Vessella's Italian Band Band composer  
Victor B-14642 10-in. 3/27/1914 Niña pancha Lucrezia Bori Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-40812 10-in. 11/5/1927 La gran vía : Valzer Quintetto Serpone Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor BVE-41127 10-in. 11/30/1927 Broadway waltz Pietro Accordion solo composer  
Victor BVE-43630 10-in. 4/12/1928 Y como le va? International Novelty Orchestra Orchestra composer  
(Results 1-25 of 104 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Valverde, Joaquín [1846-1910]," accessed July 13, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103663.

Valverde, Joaquín [1846-1910]. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved July 13, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103663.

"Valverde, Joaquín [1846-1910]." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 13 July 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103663

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