Alexandre Charles Lecocq (3 June 1832 – 24 October 1918) was a French composer, known for his opérettes and opéras comiques. He became the most prominent successor to Jacques Offenbach in this sphere, and enjoyed considerable success in the 1870s and early 1880s, before the changing musical fashions of the late 19th century made his style of composition less popular. His few serious works include the opera Plutus (1886), which was not a success, and the ballet Le cygne (1899). His only piece to survive in the regular modern operatic repertory is his 1872 opéra comique La fille de Madame Angot (Mme Angot's Daughter). Others of his more than forty stage works receive occasional revivals.
After study at the Paris Conservatoire, Lecocq shared the first prize with Georges Bizet in an operetta-writing contest organised in 1856 by Offenbach. Lecocq's next successful composition was an opéra-bouffe, Fleur-de-Thé (Tea-flower), twelve years later. His comic operas Les cent vierges (The Hundred Virgins, 1872), La fille de Madame Angot (1872) and Giroflé-Girofla (1874) were all successes and established his international reputation. Critics remarked on the elegance of the music in Lecocq's best works. His other popular pieces in the 1870s included La petite mariée (The Little Bride, 1875) and Le petit duc (The Little Duke, 1878). Although a few of his works in the early 1880s were well-received, and he continued composing for more than two decades afterwards, his later works never achieved the same admiration.
Birth and Death Data: Born June 3rd, 1832 (Paris), Died Paris
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1898 - 1920
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 30 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Berliner||1303||7-in.||Before Oct. 1898||Chanson politique||Laura Libra||Soprano vocal solo||composer|
|Berliner||1305||7-in.||6/11/1898||Couplet Clairette||Laura Libra||Soprano vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||C-8787||12-in.||4/4/1910||Voyons, Monsieur, raisonnous politique||David Devriès ; Gabrielle Lejeune-Gilibert||Vocal duet (mezzo-soprano and tenor), with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-9062||10-in.||6/7/1910||Giroflé-Girofla selection||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-10103||12-in.||3/27/1911||Gems from Giroflé-Girofla||Victor Light Opera Company||Vocal chorus and soloists, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||O-515||10-in.||11/16/1910||El corazón y la mano||Adelina Vehi||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||483||7-in.||ca. 1901||The little duke : Selections||Columbia Band||Band||composer|
|Columbia||483||10-in.||ca. 1901||The little duke : Selections||Columbia Band||Band||composer|
|Columbia||19412||10-in.||6/15/1911||Elle est tellement innocente||Paul Dufault||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||75286||12-in.||between October 1916 and March 1917||Marche des "Bleus"||Guardia Republicana de Paris||Band||composer|
|Edison||2257||10-in.||4/30/1913||This is their nuptial chamber||Royal Fish ; Elizabeth Spencer||Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||2283||10-in.||5/12/1913||By thee I swear||Marie De Kyser ; Randall Hargreaves||Vocal duet (soprano and baritone), with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||2355||10-in.||7/1/1913||Your pardon darling, forgive me||Vernon Archibald ; Marie De Kyser||Vocal duet (soprano and baritone), with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||2364||10-in.||7/7/1913||Sweet form that in my dreamy gaze||Albert Quesnel||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||2881||10-in.||Mar. 1914||Brindisi||Mary Carson||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||3030||10-in.||May 1914||Bolero||Clementine de Vere||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||5473||10-in.||3/26/1917||Let us die||Vernon Dalhart ; Gladys Rice||Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||5512||10-in.||4/18/1917||Par toi, divine creature||Orphée Langevin ; Odette Le Fontenay||Vocal duet (soprano and baritone), with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||5516||10-in.||4/20/1917||Pardonne, et ne sois pas fachée||Orphée Langevin ; Odette Le Fontenay||Vocal duet (soprano and baritone), with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||5527||10-in.||4/30/1917||We strongly now will try together||Vernon Dalhart ; Gladys Rice||Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||5557||10-in.||5/14/1917||Two poor hapless lovers||Vernon Dalhart ; Gladys Rice||Female-male vocal duet, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||5771||10-in.||9/7/1917||There are two things on earth below—day and the night||New York Light Opera Co.||Mixed vocal ensemble, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||7130||10-in.||1/25/1920||Les cent vièrges||Torcom Bézazian||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Gramophone||1721F[o]||10-in.||1903||Fantaisie||Garde Républicaine Band||Band||composer|
|Gramophone||5981h||10-in.||1908||Chanson du petit bossu||Alexis Boyer||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Lecocq, Charles," accessed October 31, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103749.
Lecocq, Charles. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 31, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103749.
"Lecocq, Charles." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 31 October 2020.
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