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Ambroise Thomas

Charles Louis Ambroise Thomas (French: [ɑ̃bʁwaz tɔma]; 5 August 1811 – 12 February 1896) was a French composer and teacher, best known for his operas Mignon (1866) and Hamlet (1868).

Born into a musical family, Thomas was a student at the Conservatoire de Paris, winning France's top music prize, the Prix de Rome. He pursued a career as a composer of operas, completing his first opera, La double échelle, in 1837. He wrote twenty further operas over the next decades, mostly comic, but he also treated more serious subjects, finding considerable success with audiences in France and abroad.

Thomas was appointed as a professor at the Conservatoire in 1856, and in 1871 he succeeded Daniel Auber as director. Between then and his death at his home in Paris twenty-five years later, he modernised the Conservatoire's organisation while imposing a rigidly conservative curriculum, hostile to modern music, and attempting to prevent composers such as César Franck and Gabriel Fauré from influencing the students of the Conservatoire.

Thomas' operas were generally neglected during most of the 20th century, but in more recent decades they have experienced something of a revival both in Europe and the US.

Birth and Death Data: Born August 5th, 1811 (Metz), Died Paris

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1898 - 1942

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 273 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Berliner 304 7-in. 10/4/1898 Polonaise August P. Stengler Clarinet solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1058 7-in. 10/25/1901 Romance from Mignon Jules Levy Cornet solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1058 10-in. 10/25/1901 Romance from Mignon Jules Levy Cornet solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1406 7-in. 5/21/1902 A toi Monsieur Fernand Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1406 10-in. 5/21/1902 A toi Monsieur Fernand Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1959 7-in. 2/11/1903 Polonaise Leo Medaer Clarinet solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1959 10-in. 2/11/1903 Polonaise Leo Medaer Clarinet solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]2002 12-in. 1903 Raymond overture Victor Grand Concert Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix D-]2002 14-in. 1903 Raymond overture Victor Grand Concert Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix D-]2023 14-in. 1903 Mignon selections Victor Grand Concert Band Band composer  
Victor B-19 10-in. 5/17/1903 Connais-tu le pays? Zélie De Lussan Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-625 12-in. 11/2/1903 Adieu Mignon, courage Moore Tenor vocal solo composer  
Victor C-873 12-in. 12/23/1903 Air du tambour major Pol Plançon Bass vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-1257 10-in. 4/23/1904 Gavotte from Mignon Charles D'Almaine Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-1795 10-in. 10/20/1904 Mignon : Overture Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor C-1795 12-in. 10/20/1904 Mignon overture Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor C-2012 12-in. 12/5/1904 Raymond overture Victor Band [i.e., Pryor's Band] ; Victor Grand Concert Band Band composer  
Victor B-2012 10-in. 12/5/1904 Raymond overture Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor B-2222 10-in. 2/7/1905 Elle ne croyait pas Francisco Nuibo Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-3030 12-in. 1/23/1906 Air du tambour major Pol Plançon Bass vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-3387 12-in. 5/14/1906 Doute de la lumière Emma Eames ; Emilio de Gogorza Vocal duet (soprano and baritone), with orchestra composer  
Victor C-4354 12-in. 3/29/1907 Mad scene Nellie Melba Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-4355 12-in. 3/29/1907 Mad scene Nellie Melba Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-4700 12-in. 7/24/1907 Kennst du das Land? Ernestine Schumann-Heink Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-4871 12-in. 10/9/1907 Doute de la lumière Emilio de Gogorza ; Marcella Sembrich Vocal duet (soprano and baritone), with orchestra composer  
(Results 1-25 of 273 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Thomas, Ambroise," accessed October 23, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104369.

Thomas, Ambroise. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 23, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104369.

"Thomas, Ambroise." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 23 October 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104369

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