Charles Louis Ambroise Thomas (French: [ɑ̃bʁwaz tɔma]; 5 August 1811 – 12 February 1896) was a French composer and teacher, best known for his operas Mignon (1866) and Hamlet (1868).
Born into a musical family, Thomas was a student at the Conservatoire de Paris, winning France's top music prize, the Prix de Rome. He pursued a career as a composer of operas, completing his first opera, La double échelle, in 1837. He wrote twenty further operas over the next decades, mostly comic, but he also treated more serious subjects, finding considerable success with audiences in France and abroad.
Thomas was appointed as a professor at the Conservatoire in 1856, and in 1871 he succeeded Daniel Auber as director. Between then and his death at his home in Paris twenty-five years later, he modernised the Conservatoire's organisation while imposing a rigidly conservative curriculum, hostile to modern music, and attempting to prevent composers such as César Franck and Gabriel Fauré from influencing the students of the Conservatoire.
Thomas' operas were generally neglected during most of the 20th century, but in more recent decades they have experienced something of a revival both in Europe and the US.
Birth and Death Data: Born August 5th, 1811 (Metz), Died February 12th, 1896 (Paris)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1898 - 1942
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 278 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Berliner||304||7-in.||10/4/1898||Polonaise||August P. Stengler||Clarinet solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1058||7-in.||10/25/1901||Romance from Mignon||Jules Levy||Cornet solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1058||10-in.||10/25/1901||Romance from Mignon||Jules Levy||Cornet solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1406||7-in.||5/21/1902||A toi||Monsieur Fernand||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1406||10-in.||5/21/1902||A toi||Monsieur Fernand||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1959||7-in.||2/11/1903||Polonaise||Leo Medaer||Clarinet solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1959||10-in.||2/11/1903||Polonaise||Leo Medaer||Clarinet solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix C-]2002||12-in.||1903||Raymond overture||Victor Grand Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix D-]2002||14-in.||1903||Raymond overture||Victor Grand Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix D-]2023||14-in.||1903||Mignon selections||Victor Grand Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-19||10-in.||5/17/1903||Connais-tu le pays?||Zélie De Lussan||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-625||12-in.||11/2/1903||Adieu Mignon, courage||Moore||Tenor vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||C-873||12-in.||12/23/1903||Air du tambour major||Pol Plançon||Bass vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-1257||10-in.||4/23/1904||Gavotte from Mignon||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-1795||10-in.||10/20/1904||Mignon : Overture||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-1795||12-in.||10/20/1904||Mignon overture||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-2012||12-in.||12/5/1904||Raymond overture||Victor Band [i.e., Pryor's Band] ; Victor Grand Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-2012||10-in.||12/5/1904||Raymond overture||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-2222||10-in.||2/7/1905||Elle ne croyait pas||Francisco Nuibo||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-3030||12-in.||1/23/1906||Air du tambour major||Pol Plançon||Bass vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-3387||12-in.||5/14/1906||Doute de la lumière||Emma Eames ; Emilio de Gogorza||Vocal duet (soprano and baritone), with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-4354||12-in.||3/29/1907||Mad scene||Nellie Melba||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-4355||12-in.||3/29/1907||Mad scene||Nellie Melba||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-4700||12-in.||7/24/1907||Kennst du das Land?||Ernestine Schumann-Heink||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-4871||12-in.||10/9/1907||Doute de la lumière||Emilio de Gogorza ; Marcella Sembrich||Vocal duet (soprano and baritone), with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Thomas, Ambroise," accessed January 22, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104369.
Thomas, Ambroise. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 22, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104369.
"Thomas, Ambroise." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 22 January 2021.
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