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Johanna Kinkel

Johanna Kinkel (8 July 1810 – 15 November 1858) was a German composer, writer, and revolutionary.

Kinkel was born in Bonn. In 1840, after five months of unhappy marriage, she was divorced from the Cologne bookseller Matthieux. Her second marriage, in 1843, was to the German poet Gottfried Kinkel. They had four children. Following the 1848 Revolutions she was forced to abandon Germany and flee to London. She was found dead in her garden in 1858 from a fall; although suicide was suspected, there was no way to verify this. Her tombstone was inscribed Freiheit, Liebe und Dichtung (meaning Freedom, Love, and Poetry).

Kinkel was an author of considerable merit. She wrote on musical subjects, including regular review articles of music events for the Bonner Zeitung, a newspaper she and her husband edited in cooperation with Carl Schurz. An autobiographical novel of hers, Hans Ibeles in London, was published posthumously in 1860. She also had a substantial output of musical compositions. Many of these compositions were written for the Maikäferbund (Maikäfer Group — the Maikäfer being the beetle Melolontha melolontha which emerges from the ground in May), a group of poets which she directed and Gottfried also helped lead. This group was founded in 1840 and lasted until the 1848 revolution. It had an annual festival. She also wrote music for her children which was published.

She died on 15 November 1858 in London and is buried in Brookwood Cemetery with her daughters Marie Kinkel (January–February 1861) and Johanna Kinkel (1845-1863).

Birth and Death Data: Born June 8th, 1810 (Bonn), Died November 15th, 1858 (London)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1896 - 1925

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Berliner 916 7-in. Before June 1896 Soldier’s farewell J. W. Myers Male vocal solo composer  
Berliner 4292 7-in. June 1897-Oct. 1898 Soldier’s farewell Haydn Quartet Male vocal quartet composer  
Berliner 0578 7-in. 3/22/1900 Soldier's farewell Haydn Quartet Male vocal quartet composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]93 7-in. 7/10/1900 A soldier's farewell Haydn Quartet Male vocal quartet, with piano composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]93 10-in. 1/28/1902 A soldier's farewell Haydn Quartet Male vocal quartet, with piano composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3179 10-in. 3/6/1901 The soldier's farewell Haydn Quartet Male vocal quartet composer  
Victor A-718 7-in. 11/19/1903 The soldier's farewell Haydn Quartet Male vocal quartet, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-718 10-in. 1903-1904 Soldier's farewell Haydn Quartet Male vocal quartet, unaccompanied composer  
Victor E-718 8-in. 8/24/1906 The soldier's farewell Haydn Quartet Male vocal quartet, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-8214 10-in. 9/7/1909 Remember me, O mighty one Whitney Brothers Quartet Male vocal quartet composer  
Victor B-20302 10-in. 6/27/1917 Soldier's farewell Evan Williams Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-21673 10-in. 4/12/1918 Soldier's farewell Shannon Four Male vocal quartet, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-25473 10-in. 8/26/1921 Der Ruf der Gnade Methodist Ministers Quartet Male vocal quartet composer  
Victor B-26937 10-in. 10/9/1922 Weh, dass wir scheiden müssen Kromer-Sextett Male vocal sextet, with bells composer  
Columbia 520 7-in. ca. Jan.-Sept. 1902 The soldier's farewell Artists vary Male vocal quartet composer  
Columbia 520 10-in. ca. Jan.-Sept. 1902 The soldier's farewell Artists vary Male vocal quartet composer  
Columbia 4539 10-in. ca. June 1910 The soldier's farewell Archibald Brothers' Quartette Male vocal quartet, unaccompanied composer  
Columbia 19552 10-in. 9/6/1911 Remember me, oh mighty one Chicago Methodist Preachers' Quartette Male vocal quartet, unaccompanied arranger  
Columbia 39485 10-in. 7/8/1914 Remember me, O mighty one Chautauqua Preachers’ Quartette Male vocal quartet, unaccompanied composer  
OKeh S-70947 10-in. Oct. 1922 Soldier's farewell Shannon Four Male vocal quartet, with orchestra composer  
Edison 10304 10-in. 4/8/1925 Ritters Abschied John F. Burckhardt ; Manhattan Quartet Male vocal quartet, with organ composer  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Kinkel, Johanna," accessed August 4, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104423.

Kinkel, Johanna. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved August 4, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104423.

"Kinkel, Johanna." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 4 August 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104423

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