William Wallace Gilchrist

William Wallace Gilchrist (January 8, 1846 – December 20, 1916) was an American composer and a major figure in nineteenth century music of Philadelphia. He founded the Mendelssohn Club of Philadelphia in 1874.

Gilchrist was born in Jersey City, New Jersey to William Wallace Gilchrist and Redelia Ann (Cox) Gilchrist. At the age of eleven months he moved with his family to Philadelphia. His father's business suffered during the Civil War, so young Gilchrist turned to the law and to business for his own living, but eventually decided to take up music as a career. From 1865-68 Gilchrist studied privately with Hugh Archibald Clarke, later a Professor of Music at the University of Pennsylvania. With the exception of a short period in Cincinnati, Ohio (1871–1872), he lived in Philadelphia, where he was active as church organist, teacher, and leader of musical clubs. During this time was active as a baritone soloist at Holy Trinity Church on Rittenhouse Square and St. Mark’s Church on Locust Street, soloist with the Handel and Haydn Society in productions of Messiah, Moses in Egypt and Judas Maccabaeus, and participant in a series of light operettas presented by the Amateur Drawing Room. In 1871 he was appointed organist and choirmaster at St. Clement’s Church, and he drew the original Mendelssohn Club members from the choir there.

In 1882 Gilchrist won the Cincinnati Festival Prize for his setting of the 46th Psalm, for soprano solo, chorus, and orchestra where the judges included Camille Saint-Saëns and Carl Reinecke. Among his other choral works are Ode to the Sun, Journey of Life, The Uplifted Gates, and Legend of the Bended Bow. He composed two non-programmatic symphonies, and some chamber music, including a nonet for piano, strings, flute, clarinet and horn.

In addition to Mendelssohn Club, Gilchrist also conducted the West Philadelphia Choral Society, the Germantown Choral Society, the Harmonia, the Harrisburg Choral Society and the Tuesday Club of Wilmington. He was organist and choirmaster at St. Clement’s, Christ Church in Germantown, and at the Swedenborgian Church of the New Jerusalem. He was a founding member of both Music Manuscript Society and the American Guild of Organists. He was the head of voice instruction at the Philadelphia Musical Academy, and from 1893-1899 he conducted the Symphony Society of Philadelphia.

Gilchrist was one of the very few American composers of this period who did not study in Europe.

His son, William Wallace Gilchrist, Jr. (1879-1926), became a painter of some note.

Birth and Death Data: Born January 8th, 1846 (Jersey City), Died December 20th, 1916

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1911 - 1927

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-10972 10-in. 9/15/1911 A dew drop Elizabeth Wheeler Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-12824 10-in. 1/22/1913 A summer lullaby Elizabeth Wheeler Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-12827 10-in. 1/22/1913 The robin's journey Elizabeth Wheeler Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-17246 10-in. 3/2/1916 Sweet is true love Elsie Baker Female vocal solo, with strings and harp composer  
Victor BVE-36175 10-in. 9/10/1926 A dew drop Erva Giles Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BVE-39389 10-in. 11/8/1927 Sweet is true love Elsie Baker Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-39887 10-in. 10/10/1927 Christmas bells William H. Reitz Chimes solo composer  
Victor [Trial 1926-04-12-02] 10-in. 4/12/1926 A dew drop Mrs. S. J. Marble Female vocal solo, with piano composer  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Gilchrist, William Wallace," accessed October 22, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104694.

Gilchrist, William Wallace. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 22, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104694.

"Gilchrist, William Wallace." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 22 October 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104694

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