The Berkshire String Quartet was an American classical chamber group founded and funded in 1916 at the height of World War I by Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge. The quartet, originally, was the Kortschak String Quartet, named for Hugo Kortschak (1884–1957), a member of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra from 1907 until 1914 (serving as assistant concertmaster from 1910 until 1914). Kortschak was a key figure in organizing the Berkshire Chamber Music Festival founded by Coolidge. The original Berkshire String Quartet disbanded sometime after 1941.
In July 1948, the successors of the Gordon Quartet were about to disband for a lack of funding and loss of its founder, Jacques Gordon (1897–1948), who had disbanded the quartet in 1947 due to ill health. Coolidge came to the rescue. She underwrote enough additional performances to make the quartet's summer season possible. But, according to Time magazine, Coolidge, for one of the few times in her life, asked a sentimental favor in return. "Would the quartet please call itself the Berkshire Quartet?" The quartet agreed and, at the urging of Wilfred Bain, moved its permanent residence to the Indiana University School of Music. The quartet continued to maintain its summer residence at Music Mountain, a hilltop near Falls Village, Connecticut, where, in 1930, Gordon had founded a Chamber Music Festival named after the hilltop.
Birth and Death Data: Born 1948
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1918
Roles Represented in DAHR: Musical group
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|OKeh||213||10-in.||ca. July 1918||Andante cantabile in D major||Berkshire String Quartette||String quartet||Musical group|
|OKeh||214||10-in.||ca. July 1918||Prestissimo in G major||Berkshire String Quartette||String quartet||Musical group|
|OKeh||215||10-in.||ca. July 1918||Romanze in G minor||Berkshire String Quartette||String quartet||Musical group|
|OKeh||216||10-in.||ca. July 1918||Minuetto in G minor||Berkshire String Quartette||String quartet||Musical group|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Berkshire Quartet," accessed August 5, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104752.
Berkshire Quartet. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved August 5, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104752.
"Berkshire Quartet." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 5 August 2021.
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