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Emile Berliner

Emile Berliner (May 20, 1851 – August 3, 1929) originally Emil Berliner, was a German-American inventor. He is best known for inventing the lateral-cut flat disc record (called a "gramophone record" in British and American English) used with a gramophone. He founded the United States Gramophone Company in 1894; The Gramophone Company in London, England, in 1897; Deutsche Grammophon in Hanover, Germany, in 1898; and Berliner Gram-o-phone Company of Canada in Montreal in 1899 (chartered in 1904). Berliner also invented what was probably the first radial aircraft engine (1908), a helicopter (1919), and acoustical tiles (1920s).

Birth and Death Data: Born May 20, 1851 (Hanover), Died August 3, 1929 (Washington, D.C.)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1898 - 1899

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.


Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Berliner 825 7-in. Before Apr. 1899 Columbian anthem Brass quartet (unidentified; Berliner Gramophone Co.) Brass quartet, with piano composer  
Berliner 4288 7-in. June 1897-Oct. 1898 Columbian anthem Haydn Quartet Male vocal quartet composer  


Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Berliner, Emile," accessed July 17, 2024,

Berliner, Emile. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved July 17, 2024, from

"Berliner, Emile." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 17 July 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier


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