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Emile Berliner

Emile Berliner (May 20, 1851 – August 3, 1929), originally Emil Berliner, was a German-born American inventor. He is best known for inventing the flat disc record (called a "gramophone record" in British and American English) and the Gramophone. He founded the United States Gramophone Company in 1894, The Gramophone Company in London, England, in 1897, Deutsche Grammophon in Hanover, Germany, in 1898, Berliner Gram-o-phone Company of Canada in Montreal in 1899 (chartered in 1904), and Victor Talking Machine Company in 1901 with Eldridge Johnson.

Birth and Death Data: Born May 20th, 1851 (Hanover), Died August 3rd, 1929 (Washington, D.C.)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1898 - 1899

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer


Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Berliner 825 7-in. Before Apr. 1899 Columbian anthem Brass quartet (unidentified; Berliner Gramophone Co.) Brass quartet, with piano composer  
Berliner 4288 7-in. June 1897-Oct. 1898 Columbian anthem Haydn Quartet Male vocal quartet composer  


Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Berliner, Emile," accessed August 3, 2021,

Berliner, Emile. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved August 3, 2021, from

"Berliner, Emile." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 3 August 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier



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