Image Source: Wikipedia

Johann Paul Aegidius Martini

Jean-Paul-Égide Martini, (31 August 1741 – 14 February 1816) was a composer of classical music. Sometimes known as Martini Il Tedesco, he is best known today for the vocal romance "Plaisir d'amour," on which the 1961 Elvis Presley pop standard "Can't Help Falling in Love" is based. He is sometimes referred to as Giovanni Martini, resulting in a confusion with Giovanni Battista Martini, particularly with regard to the composition "Plaisir d'amour"'.

Martini was born Johann Paul Aegidius Martin in Freystadt, Bavaria as son of the schoolmaster Andreas Martin and his wife Barbara. He was educated at the Jesuit seminary in Neuburg an der Donau and later started a study of philosophy in Freiburg im Breisgau, which he quit unfinished. He temporarily adopted the code name "Schwarzendorf", presumably trying to cover his tracks for the fear of being urged to refund his education cost. He re-adopted his original family name in the Italianized form "Martini" after moving to France. There, he established a successful career as a court musician. In 1764, he married Marguerite Camelot. Having directed concerts for queen Marie Antoinette, he adapted to the changing regimes throughout the French Revolution, and later wrote music for Napoleon's marriage as well as for the restored Chapelle royale. His melodic opera L'amoureux de quinze ans, written in 1771, enjoyed great success. In addition, his highly popular church music combined old forms with modern theatricality, and his chansons including "Plaisir d'amour" were influential. In 1788, he paid 16.000 livres to become surintendant de la musique du roi. He was designated to take office after his predecessor's death, however the outbreak of the French Revolution prevented this. Martini lost all his functions and took flight to Lyon. In 1800 he became a professor of composition at the Paris Conservatoire. In 1814, after the Bourbon Restoration, Martini was finally appointed surintendant de la musique du roi, the post that he had been promised more than 25 years earlier. His last composition was a requiem in honour of Louis XVI of France, which he performed in the Basilica of St Denis on 21 January 1816, the anniversary day of the monarch's execution. He died in Paris in February 1816.

Birth and Death Data: Born August 31st, 1741 (Freystadt), Died Paris

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1902 - 1934

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

Notes: Name also seen as Giovanni Martini or Jean Paul Egide Martini. Real name: Johann Schwartzendorf.

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1405 7-in. 5/21/1902 Plaisir d'amour Monsieur Fernand Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1405 10-in. 5/21/1902 Plaisir d'amour Monsieur Fernand Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor B-1452 10-in. 6/9/1904 Plaisir d'amour Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-4363 12-in. 4/1/1907 Plaisir d'amour Charles Gilibert Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-6021 12-in. 3/6/1908 Plaisir d'amour Emma Calvé Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-9875 12-in. 1/31/1911 Andantino Mischa Elman Violin solo composer  
Victor B-12731 10-in. 12/18/1912 Andantino Fritz Kreisler Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-14426 10-in. 2/6/1914 Andantino Fritz Kreisler Piano solo composer  
Victor C-14684 12-in. 4/8/1914 Menuette Mischa Elman Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-17790 10-in. 6/5/1916 Love's delight Maud Powell Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-18504 12-in. 9/26/1916 Plaisir d'amour Alma Gluck ; Paul Reimers Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with orchestra composer  
Victor B-20984 10-in. 11/15/1917 Plaisir d'amour Eva Gauthier Mezzo-soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-31718 10-in. 1/15/1925 Plaisir d'amour Georgie Gifford Female vocal solo, with violin and piano composer  
Victor BVE-34188 10-in. 12/30/1925 Plaisir d'amour Victor Salon Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-47899 12-in. 11/8/1928 Plaisir d'amour Nina Koshetz Soprano vocal solo, with instrumental quartet composer  
Victor BS-59007 10-in. 9/22/1932 Plaisir d'amour Conrad Thibault Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor PBS-79435 10-in. 11/1/1934 Plaisir d'amour Montgomery Davis Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 81122 10-in. 7/11/1923 Plaisir d'amour Carmela Ponselle Mezzo-soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 30095 12-in. ca. Jan.-Oct. 1907 Plaisir d'amour Charles Gilibert Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Martini, Johann Paul Aegidius," accessed October 31, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/105467.

Martini, Johann Paul Aegidius. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 31, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/105467.

"Martini, Johann Paul Aegidius." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 31 October 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/105467

Feedback

Send the Editors a message about this record.