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Machito

Machito (born Francisco Raúl Gutiérrez Grillo, February 16, 1908 – April 19, 1984) was a Latin jazz musician who helped refine Afro-Cuban jazz and create both Cubop and salsa music. He was raised in Havana with the singer Graciela, his foster sister.

In New York City, Machito formed the band the Afro-Cubans in 1940, and with Mario Bauzá as musical director, brought together Cuban rhythms and big band arrangements in one group. He made numerous recordings from the 1940s to the 1980s, many with Graciela as singer. Machito changed to a smaller ensemble format in 1975, touring Europe extensively. He brought his son and daughter into the band, and received a Grammy Award in 1983, one year before he died.

Machito's music had an effect on the lives of many musicians who played in the Afro-Cubans over the years, and on those who were attracted to Latin jazz after hearing him. George Shearing, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker and Stan Kenton credited Machito as an influence. An intersection in East Harlem is named "Machito Square" in his honor.

Birth and Death Data: Born February 16th, 1912 (New York City), Died April 15th, 1984 (London)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1939 - 1958

Roles Represented in DAHR: leader, vocalist, composer

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 59 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BS-033621 10-in. 2/9/1939 Desencanto Cuarteto Caney ; Johnny López ; Machito Male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble vocalist  
Victor BS-033622 10-in. 2/9/1939 Calientico Cuarteto Caney ; Johnny López ; Machito Male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble vocalist  
Victor BS-033624 10-in. 2/9/1939 La chiquita me gusto Cuarteto Caney ; Johnny López ; Machito Male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble vocalist  
Victor BS-033625 10-in. 2/9/1939 Visión Cuarteto Caney ; Johnny López ; Machito Male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble vocalist  
Victor BS-033626 10-in. 2/9/1939 En la jungla Cuarteto Caney ; Johnny López ; Machito Male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble vocalist  
Victor BS-033928 10-in. 3/2/1939 El perro y el gato (O jau-jau, miau) Cuarteto Caney ; Doroteo ; Johnny Lopez ; Machito Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal trio and sound effects vocalist  
Victor BS-033929 10-in. 3/2/1939 El pastelillero Cuarteto Caney Instrumental ensemble, with vocal trio vocalist  
Victor BS-033930 10-in. 3/2/1939 Cariño de madre Cuarteto Caney ; Doroteo ; Johnny Lopez ; Machito Instrumental ensemble, with vocal trio vocalist  
Victor BS-033931 10-in. 3/2/1939 Como la luz de la mañana Cuarteto Caney Instrumental ensemble, with vocal duet vocalist  
Victor BS-033932 10-in. 3/2/1939 Por ti Cuarteto Caney ; Doroteo ; Johnny Lopez ; Machito Instrumental ensemble, with vocal trio vocalist  
Victor BS-033933 10-in. 3/2/1939 Cundunga Cuarteto Caney ; Doroteo ; Johnny Lopez ; Machito Instrumental ensemble, with vocal trio vocalist  
Victor BS-036689 10-in. 5/22/1939 El santo Boricuas ; Augusto Coén ; Machito Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo, vocal group, and talk vocalist  
Victor BS-042741 10-in. 9/27/1939 Negro aresa Machito ; Xavier Cugat Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo and vocal ensemble vocalist  
Victor BS-042742 10-in. 9/27/1939 Calientito Machito ; Xavier Cugat Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo and vocal ensemble vocalist  
Victor BS-042743 10-in. 9/27/1939 Auto-conga Machito ; Xavier Cugat Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo vocalist  
Decca 69433 10-in. 6/27/1941 Intermezzo (Provost) Afro-Cubans ; Machito leader  
Decca 69434 10-in. 6/27/1941 Parabola negra Afro-Cubans ; Machito leader  
Decca 69435 10-in. 6/27/1941 Yambu Afro-Cubans ; Machito leader  
Decca 69436 10-in. 6/27/1941 La rumbantela Afro-Cubans ; Machito leader  
Decca 70557 10-in. 3/23/1942 Chacumbele Afro-Cubans ; Machito vocalist, leader  
Decca 70558 10-in. 3/23/1942 Sopa de pichon Afro-Cubans ; Machito leader  
Decca 70559 10-in. 3/23/1942 Rascando siempre rascando Afro-Cubans ; Machito leader  
Decca 70560 10-in. 3/23/1942 El muerto se fue de rumba Afro-Cubans ; Machito leader  
Decca 71034 10-in. 7/10/1942 Tinge talando Afro-Cubans ; Machito leader  
Decca 71035 10-in. 7/10/1942 Paella Afro-Cubans ; Machito leader  
(Results 1-25 of 59 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Machito," accessed November 23, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/105915.

Machito. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved November 23, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/105915.

"Machito." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 23 November 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/105915

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