Vicente Escudero (27 October 1892 in Valladolid, Spain – 4 December 1980 in Barcelona) was a Spanish flamenco dancer. He was closely associated with the avant-garde of his time and brought modernist aesthetics to bear on his theory of dance.
Escudero was one of the few theorists of his time to comment on the choreography and presentation of the male flamenco dance and his 'Decalogue' or ten rules for the male dancer are still respected today. As well as being the leading flamenco dancer of his era, he was a talented painter in the style, and his studies of flamenco are frequently exhibited. His work was admired by the Spanish modernist painter Joan Miró. Escudero also appeared in the films Castille On Fire (1960) and With the East Wind (1966).
His first official performance was in 1920 at the Olympia Theatre in Paris. He reached his maturity as a dancer between 1926 and 1936, during which time he toured extensively in Europe and the Americas. His most famous production was El amor brujo Escudero's style brought a new dignity and respect to the male flamenco dance, which had sometimes (though wrongly) been regarded as exaggerated and lacking in artistry.
Escudero's writing on the subject of flamenco dance and choreography was influential in forming the tastes of his own generation and the next, and he both worked with and influenced the legendary Antonio Gades. His style was based on a strong and expressive masculinity and clear and precise footwork and braceos (arm movements). Escudero's ten principles were as follows:
His published writing includes:
Birth and Death Data: Born October 27th, 1892 (Valladolid), Died April 12th, 1980 (Barcelona)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1936
Roles Represented in DAHR: performer
Notes: Flamenco dancer.
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||BS-99572||10-in.||2/11/1936||Alegrias||Vicente Escudero ; Jeronimo Villarino||Flamenco dancing, with male vocal solo and guitar||performer|
|Victor||BS-99573||10-in.||2/11/1936||Sevillanas||Vicente Escudero ; Carmita García ; Jeronimo Villarino||Flamenco dancing, with guitar||performer|
|Victor||BS-99574||10-in.||2/11/1936||Baile del molinero||Vicente Escudero ; Carmita García ; Pablo Miguel||Flamenco dancing, with piano||performer|
|Victor||BS-99575||10-in.||2/11/1936||Córdoba||Vicente Escudero ; Carmita García ; Jeronimo Villarino||Flamenco dancing, with guitar||performer|
|Victor||BS-99576||10-in.||2/11/1936||Zapateado ilustrado||Vicente Escudero ; Jeronimo Villarino||Flamenco dancing, with guitar||performer|
|Victor||BS-99577||10-in.||2/11/1936||Seguidillas||Vicente Escudero ; Carmita García ; Pablo Miguel||Flamenco dancing, with piano and castanets||performer|
|Victor||BS-99578||10-in.||2/11/1936||Sevilla||Vicente Escudero ; Carmita García ; Pablo Miguel||Flamenco dancing, with piano and castanets||performer|
|Victor||BS-99579||10-in.||2/11/1936||Baile del carbonero||Vicente Escudero ; Carmita García ; Pablo Miguel||Flamenco dancing, with piano||performer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Escudero, Vicente," accessed July 24, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/105932.
Escudero, Vicente. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved July 24, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/105932.
"Escudero, Vicente." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 24 July 2021.
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