Zilner Trenton Randolph

Zilner Trenton Randolph (January 28, 1899, Dermott, Arkansas – February 2, 1994, Chicago) was an American jazz trumpeter and music educator.

Randolph attended Biddle University (now Johnson C. Smith University), the Kreuger Conservatory, and the Wisconsin Conservatory of Music, and played in territory bands including Bernie Young's (1927–31). He moved to Chicago in 1931 and became Louis Armstrong's musical director in 1931–32 and again in 1933 and 1935. Randolph also played trumpet on a number of Armstrong's recordings and composed the tune "Old Man Mose". He played with Carroll Dickerson and Dave Peyton in the middle of the decade, and led his own Chicago band later in the 1930s. He arranged for such bandleaders as Earl Hines, Woody Herman, Fletcher Henderson, and Duke Ellington, and led a quartet in the 1940s. He never recorded a session as a leader.

After the 1940s Randolph devoted himself mainly to teaching, but recorded as a pianist in 1951 and led the house band at the Indiana Theater off and on during the 1950s.

Zilner's son Lucious Randolph played trumpet with Sun Ra and Jerry Butler, among others. His daughter Hattie recorded for the small Chicago label Drexel in 1955 and sang with Sun Ra from 1957 to 1959.

Birth and Death Data: Born January 28th, 1899, Died February 2nd, 1994

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1931 - 1939

Roles Represented in DAHR: trumpet, director, composer, songwriter, speaker

Notes: Name also appears as Z. T. Randolph and Zilmer Randolph.

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 28 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BS-74891 10-in. 1/26/1933 I've got the world on a string Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo director  
Victor BS-74892 10-in. 1/26/1933 I gotta right to sing the blues Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo director  
Victor BS-74893 10-in. 1/26/1933 Hustlin' and bustlin' for baby Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo director  
Victor BS-74894 10-in. 1/26/1933 Sittin' in the dark Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo director  
Victor BS-74895 10-in. 1/26/1933 High society Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with spoken introduction director  
Victor BS-74896 10-in. 1/26/1933 He's a son of the South Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo director  
Victor BS-75105 10-in. 1/28/1933 Snowball Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor BS-75106 10-in. 1/28/1933 Mahogany Hall stomp Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor BS-75107 10-in. 1/28/1933 Swing you cats Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer, instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor BS-75481 10-in. 4/26/1933 Don't play me cheap Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BS-023771 10-in. 7/1/1938 Ol' man Mose Scat Powell ; Willie Farmer Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo songwriter  
Victor BS-031981 10-in. 2/2/1939 Ol' man Mose Golden Gate Jubilee Quartet Male vocal quartet, unaccompanied songwriter  
Columbia W152086 10-in. 1/25/1932 Between the devil and the deep blue sea Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet  
Columbia W152092 10-in. 1/27/1932 All of me Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet  
Columbia W152093 10-in. 1/27/1932 Home Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet  
OKeh W152087 10-in. 1/25/1932 Kickin' the gong around Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet  
OKeh W405058 10-in. 11/3/1931 Lazy river Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet  
OKeh W405059 10-in. 11/3/1931 Chinatown, my Chinatown Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo and talk instrumentalist, trumpet  
OKeh W405060 10-in. 11/4/1931 Wrap your troubles in dreams (And dream your troubles away) Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet  
OKeh W405061 10-in. 11/4/1931 Star dust Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet  
OKeh W405062 10-in. 11/5/1931 You can depend on me Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet  
OKeh W405063 10-in. 11/5/1931 Georgia on my mind Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet  
OKeh W405064 10-in. 11/6/1931 The lonesome road Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo, male vocal ensemble, and talk instrumentalist, trumpet, speaker  
OKeh W405065 10-in. 11/6/1931 I got rhythm Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with talk instrumentalist, trumpet  
OKeh W405154 10-in. 3/2/1932 Love, you funny thing! Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet  
(Results 1-25 of 28 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Randolph, Zilner Trenton," accessed July 27, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106080.

Randolph, Zilner Trenton. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved July 27, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106080.

"Randolph, Zilner Trenton." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 27 July 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106080

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