Francisco Canaro

Francisco Canaro (November 26, 1888 – December 14, 1964) was a Uruguayan violinist and tango orchestra leader.

Canaro was born in San José de Mayo, Uruguay, in 1888. His parents were Italian immigrants, and later, when he was less than 10 years old, they emigrated to Buenos Aires, Argentina in the late nineteenth century. As a young man he found work in a factory, where an empty oil can, in his skilled hands, became his first violin. Performing in seedy bars initially, he ultimately forged a career that spanned many decades, and his orchestra was one of the most recorded. His introduction to the tango came by orquesta típica leader Vicente Greco in 1908, and in 1912 he composed "Pinta brava" ("Fierce Look"). Canaro composed the music for the 1915 Argentine classic film Nobleza gaucha. He later was romantically attached to Argentine actress and tango vocalist Ada Falcón, but the relationship, which began in the early 1920s, grew apart a decade later.

In 1920 Canaro discovered Azucena Maizani, who rapidly developed into a major tango star.

Canaro was active in the cause of intellectual property rights from 1918 onwards, and was instrumental in the establishment of the Argentine Society of Composers and Songwriters (SADAIC), in 1935, purchasing the downtown Buenos Aires lot where its headquarters were built. He performed in Paris with his orchestra in 1925, and a success among local audiences, he remained in Europe for a decade. Becoming a naturalized Argentine citizen in 1940, much of his recorded music is in the classic salon style of that decade, but he is also considered a member of the old guard, and some of his later recordings contributed to the transition to concert tango.

Canaro's orchestra became a fixture on Argentine radio during the 1940s and early 1950s, though for many contemporary dancers and listeners, his early golden age recordings remained the best in their genre. Canaro authored his memoirs, Mis 50 años con el tango (My Fifty Years with the Tango) in 1956, but later developed Paget's disease, and was forced to retire. He died in Buenos Aires in 1964.

Birth and Death Data: Born November 26, 1888 (San José de Mayo), Died December 14, 1964 (Buenos Aires)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1915 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, leader, songwriter, lyricist

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-15925 10-in. 4/22/1915 El pollito Orquesta Argentina de Ferrer Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-15929 10-in. 4/22/1915 Matasano Orquesta Argentina de Ferrer Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-24408 10-in. 8/26/1920 Nobleza de Arrabal Orquesta Típica Select Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor B-24413 10-in. 8/26/1920 Nueve puntos Orquesta Típica Select Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor B-24443 10-in. 9/1/1920 Anasagasti Orquesta Típica Select Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor B-24444 10-in. 9/1/1920 El pirata Orquesta Típica Select Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor B-28329 10-in. 8/1/1923 Sufra International Novelty Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-31114 10-in. 10/22/1924 Sufra Jorge Añez ; Alcides Briceño Male vocal duet, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-40193 10-in. 10/19/1927 Sufra Margarita Cueto Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-40245 10-in. 9/27/1927 Alfredo Marimba Centro-Americana Marimba band composer  
Victor BAVE-44697 10-in. Fall 1929 La tablada Orquesta Típica Cayetano Puglisi Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-57021 10-in. 10/24/1929 La última copa Juan Pulido Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BAVE-60345 10-in. Summer 1930 El chamuyo Orquesta Típica Victor Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-60996 10-in. Sept.-Oct.1931 Cara sucia Orquesta Tipica Juan Canaro Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor 65576 10-in. 10/28/1932 Te quiero Orquestra Típica Gentile ; Malena de Toledo Instrumental ensemble, with female vocal solo composer  
Victor 65621 10-in. 12/12/1932 Me enamoré una vez Lely Morel Female vocal solo composer  
Victor 65696 10-in. 5/19/1933 Rosa de amor Lely Morel Female vocal solo composer  
Victor 65784 10-in. 6/23/1933 Juramento Lely Morel Female vocal solo composer  
Victor 65846 10-in. 8/25/1933 La tablada Orquestra Típica Pedro Vergez Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor 65861 10-in. 10/9/1933 Donde hay um mango Lely Morel Female vocal solo composer  
Victor PBVE-68372 10-in. 7/20/1932 Rayero Carlos Molina Orchestra Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-74306 10-in. 9/7/1933 Donde hay un mango Fernando Díaz ; Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor 79682 10-in. 9/12/1934 Yo no sé porque te quiero Lely Morel Female vocal solo composer  
Victor BS-81635 10-in. 2/8/1934 Me enamoré una vez Hebe Marín Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BAVE-93263 10-in. 8/6/1936 La tablada Edgardo Donato Muchachos Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-93864 10-in. between 8/14/1937 and 8/31/1937 Vibraciones del alma Feliciano Brunelli Orquesta Característica Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-93901 10-in. between 9/7/1937 and 9/17/1937 Sentimiento gaucho Trio Ciriaco Ortiz Instrumental trio composer  
Victor BAVE-1156 10-in. Spring 1927 Nobleza de arrabal Orquesta Típica de Caro Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor G-2016 10-in. 5/15/1917 Cara sucia Orquesta Típica Loduca Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor G-2019 10-in. 5/15/1917 Cara sucia Orquesta Típica Loduca ; Ignacio Riverol Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor G-2039 10-in. 5/19/1917 El pangaré Orquesta Típica Loduca Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-012035 10-in. between 12/14/1937 and 12/21/1937 Sentimiento gaucho Libertad Lamarque Female vocal solo composer  
Victor BAVE-012048 10-in. 12/26/1937 El día que yo pueda Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BAVE-012057 10-in. 12/29/1937 El día que yo pueda... Tania Female vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-012145 10-in. 3/23/1938 El triunfo Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-012261 10-in. 5/9/1938 De contramano Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto Instrumental ensemble, with female vocal solo composer  
Victor BAVE-012292 10-in. between 5/13/1938 and 6/8/1938 De contramano Hugo del Carril Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-012435 10-in. between 7/22/1938 and 11/19/1938 Madreselva Libertad Lamarque Female vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-012803 10-in. 5/30/1939 Charamusca Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor MBS-015232 10-in. before 8/10/1938 Envidia Pedro Vargas Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-022639 10-in. 4/25/1938 Tiempos viejos Quinteto "La Plata" Instrumental quintet, with male vocal duet composer  
Victor BS-023783 10-in. 7/8/1938 Casas viejas Miguel Cáceres ; Luis Valente Male vocal duet, with 3 guitars composer  
Victor 033125 10-in. 7/24/1939 Por ti eu me rasgo todo Orlando Silva Male vocal solo songwriter  
Victor 033127 10-in. 7/24/1939 Patria Irmã Carlos Galhardo Male vocal solo songwriter  
Victor BS-033681 10-in. 2/20/1939 Madreselva Marimba Pan-Americana Marimba band composer  
Victor BS-038233 10-in. 7/7/1939 Aunque no lo crean Luis Valente Male vocal duet, with 3 guitars composer  
Victor BAVE-039240 10-in. 4/11/1940 Yo naci para querer Jorge Omar ; Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BAVE-039437 10-in. 8/22/1940 El tigre millan Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo ; Alberto Reynal Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Columbia 82547 10-in. either December 1919 or January 1920 Mano brava Orquesta Ferrer Filipotto Instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia 82721 10-in. either December 1919 or January 1920 El pangaré Orquesta Ferrer Filipotto Instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia W94029 10-in. approximately 1920 Noblesa de arrabal Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble leader, composer  
Columbia W94030 10-in. approximately 1920 Nueve puntos Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble composer, leader  
Columbia W94031 10-in. approximately 1920 Simari Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble leader, composer  
Columbia W94032 10-in. approximately 1920 El pillín Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble leader, composer  
Columbia W94034 10-in. approximately 1920 Color de rosa Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble leader  
Columbia W94035 10-in. approximately 1920 El africano Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble leader  
Columbia W94046 10-in. approximately 1920 Siempre flor Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble composer, leader  
Columbia W94048 10-in. approximately 1920 Cabecita Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble composer, leader  
Columbia W94049 10-in. approximately 1920 El baccarat Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble composer, leader  
Columbia W94054 10-in. approximately 1920 En decadencia Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble leader  
Columbia W95070 10-in. approximately 1926 Sentimiento gaucho Julieta Muro Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia W95886 10-in. September 1927 Paris Joseph M. Lacalle ; Lacalle's Tango Orchestra Instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia W703211 10-in. April 1930 La ultima copa : Tango Guty Cárdenas Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Brunswick E29605 10-in. 4/1/1929 La ultima copa Genaro Veiga Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Brunswick E24650-E24651 10-in. 10/7/1927 Paris Orquesta Típica [Ernesto Davagnino] Jazz/dance band composer  
Brunswick E26647-E26648 10-in. 2/24/1928 Paris Pilar Arcos Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance band composer, lyricist  
Brunswick 213bf 10-in. 1926 Alfredo Marek Weber Adlon Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Gramophone 0J817 10-in. 1932 Te quiero Trío Argentino [Irusta-Fugazot-Demare] Male vocal duet, with piano composer  
Gramophone 0J824 10-in. 11/30/1932 Cacharros Trío Argentino [Irusta-Fugazot-Demare] Male vocal duet, with piano composer  
Gramophone 0J843 10-in. November 1932 Pan Trío Argentino [Irusta-Fugazot-Demare] Male vocal duet, with piano composer  
Gramophone 0J1041 10-in. between April and June 1933 La muchachada del centro Roberto Fugazot ; Trío Argentino [Irusta-Fugazot-Demare] Male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble and vocal chorus composer  
Gramophone 0J1042 10-in. between April and June 1933 Créase o no Trío Argentino [Irusta-Fugazot-Demare] Male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble and male vocal chorus composer  
Gramophone 0J1117 10-in. 1933 Mi musa campera Trío Argentino [Buenos Aires; Spain] Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Gramophone 0J1118 10-in. 1933 Tesoro ¡Ay mi tesoro! Trío Argentino [Buenos Aires; Spain] Male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble and vocal chorus composer  
Lindström 2660 12-in. approximately 1930 Pajaro azul Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble composer  
Lindström 2661 12-in. approximately 1930 Corazón de oro Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble composer  
Odeon E4569 10-in. 1934 or earlier Chiqué Orquesta Típica Francisco Canaro Orchestra leader  
Odeon E6481 10-in. 1934 or earlier Yo no se que me han hecho tus ojos Orquesta Típica Francisco Canaro Orchestra and vocal chorus composer, leader  
Odeon E7385 10-in. 3/27/1933 Silencio ... ! Carlos Gardel ; Orquesta Francisco Canaro Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble and vocal chorus leader  
Odeon E7623 10-in. 1/29/1934 Divina gitana Orquesta Típica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal duet leader  
Odeon X21293 12-in. approximately 1930 Palabras de Francisco Canaro Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitars composer  
Decca 70509 10-in. 3/14/1940 Dejalo correr Francisco Canaro leader  
Decca 70510 10-in. 10/29/1941 Infamia Francisco Canaro leader  
Decca 70582 10-in. 12/10/1941 Decile que vuelva Francisco Canaro leader  
Decca 70583 10-in. 12/10/1941 Rancho alegre Francisco Canaro leader  
Decca 71332 10-in. 11/18/1942 ¡Ay! Jalisco no te rajes Francisco Canaro leader  
Columbia (U.K.) WB3166 10-in. 2/20/1930 Sentimiento gaucho Orchestre Argentin (Horacio Pettorossi) Instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL2209 10-in. 4/24/1930 El último golpe Rafael Canaro ; Carlitos Dante ; Orquesta Argentina de Rafael Canaro Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CL5876 10-in. 10/3/1936 Je ne sais Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta de Tangos [Rafael Canaro] ; Raoul Sander Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CL5878 10-in. 10/3/1936 La muchachada Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta de Tangos [Rafael Canaro] Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CL6498 10-in. 1/4/1938 Aunque no lo crean Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta Rafael Canaro ; Luis Scalón Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo songwriter  
Columbia (U.K.) CL6499 10-in. 1/4/1938 Casas viejas Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta Rafael Canaro ; Luis Scalón Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CL6500 10-in. 1/4/1938 Envidia Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta Rafael Canaro ; Luis Scalón Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo songwriter  
Columbia (U.K.) CL6755 10-in. 6/14/1938 Cuando el corazon Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta Rafael Canaro ; Luis Scalón Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CL6757 10-in. 6/14/1938 Hay que aclarar Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta Rafael Canaro ; Luis Scalón Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CL7130 10-in. 7/3/1939 Por vos...yo me rompo Rafael Canaro ; Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta Rafael Canaro Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo songwriter  
Columbia (U.K.) CL8318 10-in. 1/20/1947 Adios, pampa mia Raymond Legrand ; Tino Rossi Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Decca 6839 10-in. 9/2/1931 Madreselva Francisco Canaro ; Ada Falcón leader  
Decca 9031 10-in. 5/27/1937 Tiempos viejos Charlo leader  
Decca 9337 10-in. 5/27/1937 Desconfiale Charlo leader  
Decca 10074 10-in. 9/11/1939 Salud, dinero y amor Francisco Canaro leader  
Decca 10115 10-in. 10/9/1939 Todo te nombra Francisco Canaro leader  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Canaro, Francisco," accessed February 4, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939.

Canaro, Francisco. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 4, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939.

"Canaro, Francisco." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 4 February 2023.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939

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