Francisco Canaro

Francisco Canaro (November 26, 1888 – December 14, 1964) was a Uruguayan violinist and tango orchestra leader.

Canaro was born in San José de Mayo, Uruguay, in 1888. His parents were Italian immigrants, and later, when he was less than 10 years old, they emigrated to Buenos Aires, Argentina in the late nineteenth century. As a young man he found work in a factory, where an empty oil can, in his skilled hands, became his first violin. Performing in seedy bars initially, he ultimately forged a career that spanned many decades, and his orchestra was one of the most recorded. His introduction to the tango came by orquesta típica leader Vicente Greco in 1908, and in 1912 he composed "Pinta brava" ("Fierce Look"). Canaro composed the music for the 1915 Argentine classic film Nobleza gaucha. He later was romantically attached to Argentine actress and tango vocalist Ada Falcón, but the relationship, which began in the early 1920s, grew apart a decade later.

In 1920 Canaro discovered Azucena Maizani, who rapidly developed into a major tango star.

Canaro was active in the cause of intellectual property rights from 1918 onwards, and was instrumental in the establishment of the Argentine Society of Composers and Songwriters (SADAIC), in 1935, purchasing the downtown Buenos Aires lot where its headquarters were built. He performed in Paris with his orchestra in 1925, and a success among local audiences, he remained in Europe for a decade. Becoming a naturalized Argentine citizen in 1940, much of his recorded music is in the classic salon style of that decade, but he is also considered a member of the old guard, and some of his later recordings contributed to the transition to concert tango.

Canaro's orchestra became a fixture on Argentine radio during the 1940s and early 1950s, though for many contemporary dancers and listeners, his early golden age recordings remained the best in their genre. Canaro authored his memoirs, Mis 50 años con el tango (My Fifty Years with the Tango) in 1956, but later developed Paget's disease, and was forced to retire. He died in Buenos Aires in 1964.

Birth and Death Data: Born November 26, 1888 (San José de Mayo), Died December 14, 1964 (Buenos Aires)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1915 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, leader, songwriter, lyricist

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 26-50 of 102 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BAVE-93864 10-in. between 8/14/1937 and 8/31/1937 Vibraciones del alma Feliciano Brunelli Orquesta Característica Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-93901 10-in. between 9/7/1937 and 9/17/1937 Sentimiento gaucho Trio Ciriaco Ortiz Instrumental trio composer  
Victor BAVE-1156 10-in. Spring 1927 Nobleza de arrabal Orquesta Típica de Caro Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor G-2016 10-in. 5/15/1917 Cara sucia Orquesta Típica Loduca Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor G-2019 10-in. 5/15/1917 Cara sucia Orquesta Típica Loduca ; Ignacio Riverol Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor G-2039 10-in. 5/19/1917 El pangaré Orquesta Típica Loduca Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-012035 10-in. between 12/14/1937 and 12/21/1937 Sentimiento gaucho Libertad Lamarque Female vocal solo composer  
Victor BAVE-012048 10-in. 12/26/1937 El día que yo pueda Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BAVE-012057 10-in. 12/29/1937 El día que yo pueda... Tania Female vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-012145 10-in. 3/23/1938 El triunfo Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-012261 10-in. 5/9/1938 De contramano Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto Instrumental ensemble, with female vocal solo composer  
Victor BAVE-012292 10-in. between 5/13/1938 and 6/8/1938 De contramano Hugo del Carril Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-012435 10-in. between 7/22/1938 and 11/19/1938 Madreselva Libertad Lamarque Female vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-012803 10-in. 5/30/1939 Charamusca Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor MBS-015232 10-in. before 8/10/1938 Envidia Pedro Vargas Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-022639 10-in. 4/25/1938 Tiempos viejos Quinteto "La Plata" Instrumental quintet, with male vocal duet composer  
Victor BS-023783 10-in. 7/8/1938 Casas viejas Miguel Cáceres ; Luis Valente Male vocal duet, with 3 guitars composer  
Victor 033125 10-in. 7/24/1939 Por ti eu me rasgo todo Orlando Silva Male vocal solo songwriter  
Victor 033127 10-in. 7/24/1939 Patria Irmã Carlos Galhardo Male vocal solo songwriter  
Victor BS-033681 10-in. 2/20/1939 Madreselva Marimba Pan-Americana Marimba band composer  
Victor BS-038233 10-in. 7/7/1939 Aunque no lo crean Luis Valente Male vocal duet, with 3 guitars composer  
Victor BAVE-039240 10-in. 4/11/1940 Yo naci para querer Jorge Omar ; Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BAVE-039437 10-in. 8/22/1940 El tigre millan Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo ; Alberto Reynal Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Columbia 82547 10-in. either December 1919 or January 1920 Mano brava Orquesta Ferrer Filipotto Instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia 82721 10-in. either December 1919 or January 1920 El pangaré Orquesta Ferrer Filipotto Instrumental ensemble composer  
(Results 26-50 of 102 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Canaro, Francisco," accessed February 7, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939.

Canaro, Francisco. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 7, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939.

"Canaro, Francisco." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 7 February 2023.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939

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