Francisco Canaro (November 26, 1888 – December 14, 1964) was a Uruguayan violinist and tango orchestra leader.
Canaro was born in San José de Mayo, Uruguay, in 1888. His parents were Italian immigrants, and later, when he was less than 10 years old, they emigrated to Buenos Aires, Argentina in the late nineteenth century. As a young man he found work in a factory, where an empty oil can, in his skilled hands, became his first violin. Performing in seedy bars initially, he ultimately forged a career that spanned many decades, and his orchestra was one of the most recorded. His introduction to the tango came by orquesta típica leader Vicente Greco in 1908, and in 1912 he composed "Pinta brava" ("Fierce Look"). Canaro composed the music for the 1915 Argentine classic film Nobleza gaucha. He later was romantically attached to Argentine actress and tango vocalist Ada Falcón, but the relationship, which began in the early 1920s, grew apart a decade later.
In 1920 Canaro discovered Azucena Maizani, who rapidly developed into a major tango star.
Canaro was active in the cause of intellectual property rights from 1918 onwards, and was instrumental in the establishment of the Argentine Society of Composers and Songwriters (SADAIC), in 1935, purchasing the downtown Buenos Aires lot where its headquarters were built. He performed in Paris with his orchestra in 1925, and a success among local audiences, he remained in Europe for a decade. Becoming a naturalized Argentine citizen in 1940, much of his recorded music is in the classic salon style of that decade, but he is also considered a member of the old guard, and some of his later recordings contributed to the transition to concert tango.
Canaro's orchestra became a fixture on Argentine radio during the 1940s and early 1950s, though for many contemporary dancers and listeners, his early golden age recordings remained the best in their genre. Canaro authored his memoirs, Mis 50 años con el tango (My Fifty Years with the Tango) in 1956, but later developed Paget's disease, and was forced to retire. He died in Buenos Aires in 1964.
Birth and Death Data: Born November 26, 1888 (San José de Mayo), Died December 14, 1964 (Buenos Aires)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1915 - 1947
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, leader, songwriter, lyricist
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 26-50 of 102 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||BAVE-93864||10-in.||between 8/14/1937 and 8/31/1937||Vibraciones del alma||Feliciano Brunelli Orquesta Característica||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||BAVE-93901||10-in.||between 9/7/1937 and 9/17/1937||Sentimiento gaucho||Trio Ciriaco Ortiz||Instrumental trio||composer|
|Victor||BAVE-1156||10-in.||Spring 1927||Nobleza de arrabal||Orquesta Típica de Caro||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||G-2016||10-in.||5/15/1917||Cara sucia||Orquesta Típica Loduca||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||G-2019||10-in.||5/15/1917||Cara sucia||Orquesta Típica Loduca ; Ignacio Riverol||Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||G-2039||10-in.||5/19/1917||El pangaré||Orquesta Típica Loduca||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||BAVE-012035||10-in.||between 12/14/1937 and 12/21/1937||Sentimiento gaucho||Libertad Lamarque||Female vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||BAVE-012048||10-in.||12/26/1937||El día que yo pueda||Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto||Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||BAVE-012057||10-in.||12/29/1937||El día que yo pueda...||Tania||Female vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||BAVE-012145||10-in.||3/23/1938||El triunfo||Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||BAVE-012261||10-in.||5/9/1938||De contramano||Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto||Instrumental ensemble, with female vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||BAVE-012292||10-in.||between 5/13/1938 and 6/8/1938||De contramano||Hugo del Carril||Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||BAVE-012435||10-in.||between 7/22/1938 and 11/19/1938||Madreselva||Libertad Lamarque||Female vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||BAVE-012803||10-in.||5/30/1939||Charamusca||Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||MBS-015232||10-in.||before 8/10/1938||Envidia||Pedro Vargas||Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||BS-022639||10-in.||4/25/1938||Tiempos viejos||Quinteto "La Plata"||Instrumental quintet, with male vocal duet||composer|
|Victor||BS-023783||10-in.||7/8/1938||Casas viejas||Miguel Cáceres ; Luis Valente||Male vocal duet, with 3 guitars||composer|
|Victor||033125||10-in.||7/24/1939||Por ti eu me rasgo todo||Orlando Silva||Male vocal solo||songwriter|
|Victor||033127||10-in.||7/24/1939||Patria Irmã||Carlos Galhardo||Male vocal solo||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-033681||10-in.||2/20/1939||Madreselva||Marimba Pan-Americana||Marimba band||composer|
|Victor||BS-038233||10-in.||7/7/1939||Aunque no lo crean||Luis Valente||Male vocal duet, with 3 guitars||composer|
|Victor||BAVE-039240||10-in.||4/11/1940||Yo naci para querer||Jorge Omar ; Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto||Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||BAVE-039437||10-in.||8/22/1940||El tigre millan||Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo ; Alberto Reynal||Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo||composer|
|Columbia||82547||10-in.||either December 1919 or January 1920||Mano brava||Orquesta Ferrer Filipotto||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Columbia||82721||10-in.||either December 1919 or January 1920||El pangaré||Orquesta Ferrer Filipotto||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Canaro, Francisco," accessed February 7, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939.
Canaro, Francisco. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 7, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939.
"Canaro, Francisco." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 7 February 2023.
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