Francisco Canaro

Francisco Canaro (November 26, 1888 – December 14, 1964) was a Uruguayan violinist and tango orchestra leader.

Canaro was born in San José de Mayo, Uruguay, in 1888. His parents were Italian immigrants, and later, when he was less than 10 years old, they emigrated to Buenos Aires, Argentina in the late nineteenth century. As a young man he found work in a factory, where an empty oil can, in his skilled hands, became his first violin. Performing in seedy bars initially, he ultimately forged a career that spanned many decades, and his orchestra was one of the most recorded. His introduction to the tango came by orquesta típica leader Vicente Greco in 1908, and in 1912 he composed "Pinta brava" ("Fierce Look"). Canaro composed the music for the 1915 Argentine classic film Nobleza gaucha. He later was romantically attached to Argentine actress and tango vocalist Ada Falcón, but the relationship, which began in the early 1920s, grew apart a decade later.

In 1920 Canaro discovered Azucena Maizani, who rapidly developed into a major tango star.

Canaro was active in the cause of intellectual property rights from 1918 onwards, and was instrumental in the establishment of the Argentine Society of Composers and Songwriters (SADAIC), in 1935, purchasing the downtown Buenos Aires lot where its headquarters were built. He performed in Paris with his orchestra in 1925, and a success among local audiences, he remained in Europe for a decade. Becoming a naturalized Argentine citizen in 1940, much of his recorded music is in the classic salon style of that decade, but he is also considered a member of the old guard, and some of his later recordings contributed to the transition to concert tango.

Canaro's orchestra became a fixture on Argentine radio during the 1940s and early 1950s, though for many contemporary dancers and listeners, his early golden age recordings remained the best in their genre. Canaro authored his memoirs, Mis 50 años con el tango (My Fifty Years with the Tango) in 1956, but later developed Paget's disease, and was forced to retire. He died in Buenos Aires in 1964.

Birth and Death Data: Born November 26, 1888 (San José de Mayo), Died December 14, 1964 (Buenos Aires)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1915 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, leader, songwriter, lyricist

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 51-75 of 102 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Columbia W94029 10-in. approximately 1920 Noblesa de arrabal Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble leader, composer  
Columbia W94030 10-in. approximately 1920 Nueve puntos Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble composer, leader  
Columbia W94031 10-in. approximately 1920 Simari Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble leader, composer  
Columbia W94032 10-in. approximately 1920 El pillín Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble leader, composer  
Columbia W94034 10-in. approximately 1920 Color de rosa Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble leader  
Columbia W94035 10-in. approximately 1920 El africano Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble leader  
Columbia W94046 10-in. approximately 1920 Siempre flor Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble composer, leader  
Columbia W94048 10-in. approximately 1920 Cabecita Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble composer, leader  
Columbia W94049 10-in. approximately 1920 El baccarat Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble composer, leader  
Columbia W94054 10-in. approximately 1920 En decadencia Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble leader  
Columbia W95070 10-in. approximately 1926 Sentimiento gaucho Julieta Muro Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia W95886 10-in. September 1927 Paris Joseph M. Lacalle ; Lacalle's Tango Orchestra Instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia W703211 10-in. April 1930 La ultima copa : Tango Guty Cárdenas Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Brunswick E29605 10-in. 4/1/1929 La ultima copa Genaro Veiga Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Brunswick E24650-E24651 10-in. 10/7/1927 Paris Orquesta Típica [Ernesto Davagnino] Jazz/dance band composer  
Brunswick E26647-E26648 10-in. 2/24/1928 Paris Pilar Arcos Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance band composer, lyricist  
Brunswick 213bf 10-in. 1926 Alfredo Marek Weber Adlon Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Gramophone 0J817 10-in. 1932 Te quiero Trío Argentino [Irusta-Fugazot-Demare] Male vocal duet, with piano composer  
Gramophone 0J824 10-in. 11/30/1932 Cacharros Trío Argentino [Irusta-Fugazot-Demare] Male vocal duet, with piano composer  
Gramophone 0J843 10-in. November 1932 Pan Trío Argentino [Irusta-Fugazot-Demare] Male vocal duet, with piano composer  
Gramophone 0J1041 10-in. between April and June 1933 La muchachada del centro Roberto Fugazot ; Trío Argentino [Irusta-Fugazot-Demare] Male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble and vocal chorus composer  
Gramophone 0J1042 10-in. between April and June 1933 Créase o no Trío Argentino [Irusta-Fugazot-Demare] Male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble and male vocal chorus composer  
Gramophone 0J1117 10-in. 1933 Mi musa campera Trío Argentino [Buenos Aires; Spain] Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Gramophone 0J1118 10-in. 1933 Tesoro ¡Ay mi tesoro! Trío Argentino [Buenos Aires; Spain] Male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble and vocal chorus composer  
Lindström 2660 12-in. approximately 1930 Pajaro azul Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble composer  
(Results 51-75 of 102 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Canaro, Francisco," accessed February 4, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939.

Canaro, Francisco. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 4, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939.

"Canaro, Francisco." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 4 February 2023.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939

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