Fredrik Pacius (Finland Swedish: [ˈfreːdrik ˈpɑːsiʉs] (listen); born Friedrich Pacius; March 19, 1809 – January 8, 1891) was a German Finnish composer and conductor who lived most of his life in Finland. He has been called the "Father of Finnish music".
Pacius was born in Hamburg. He was appointed music teacher at the University of Helsinki in 1834. In Helsinki he founded a musical society, the student choir Akademiska Sångföreningen and an orchestra. In 1848 Pacius wrote the music to the poem "Vårt land" by Johan Ludvig Runeberg, which was to become Finland's national anthem. Pacius’s music was also used for the Estonian national anthem "Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm" and the Livonian ethnic anthem "Min izāmō, min sindimō".
In 1852 he composed Kung Karls jakt (The Hunt of King Charles) which was the first Finnish opera, with a libretto in the style of Romantic nationalism, like the national anthem designed to convince Finland's grand duke (i.e. the Russian Emperor Nicholas I) of the total loyalty of his subjects in Finland. The libretto was written by the author and historian Zacharias Topelius in close collaboration with the composer.
His compositions also include a violin concerto, a symphony, a string quartet and several other operas.
Pacius died in Helsinki, aged 81.
Birth and Death Data: Born March 13th, 1809 (Hamburg), Died January 8th, 1891 (Helsinki)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1906 - 1939
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 29 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-3515||10-in.||7/11/1906||Soldatgossen||Joel Mossberg||Male vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-4637[a]||10-in.||7/8/1907||Suomen Laulu||John M. Eriksen||Male vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||E-4642||8-in.||7/8/1907||Oi Naamme Suomi||John M. Eriksen||Male vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-9197||10-in.||7/20/1910||Sotilas poika||Juho Koskelo||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-13432||10-in.||6/16/1913||Suomen laulu||Finnish-American Elite Choir||Female vocal chorus, unaccompanied||composer|
|Victor||B-13433||10-in.||6/16/1913||Suomis sång||Finnish-American Elite Choir||Female vocal chorus, unaccompanied||composer|
|Victor||B-13434||10-in.||6/16/1913||Bjorneborgarnes Marsch||Finnish-American Elite Choir||Female vocal chorus, unaccompanied||arranger|
|Victor||B-13440||10-in.||6/16/1913||Maamme||Finnish-American Elite Choir||Female vocal chorus, unaccompanied||composer|
|Victor||B-13441||10-in.||6/16/1913||Porilaisten marssi||Finnish-American Elite Choir||Female vocal chorus, unaccompanied||composer|
|Victor||B-19980||10-in.||6/7/1917||Suomen lapsi||Elli Suokas||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-20102||10-in.||6/12/1917||Ballaadi Kaarle kunninkaan metsästyksesta||Elli Suokas||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-20105||10-in.||6/12/1917||Hymni Suomelle||Elli Suokas||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-22427||10-in.||11/20/1918||Pois rannoilta Suomen||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||BVE-35173||10-in.||6/3/1926||Björneborgarnes Marsch||Jean Theslöf||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-56158||10-in.||9/26/1929||Sotilas poika||Henry Holm||Male vocal solo, with violin, cello, and piano||composer|
|Victor||BS-036604||10-in.||4/22/1939||Värt land||North Star Singers of Bridgeport||Vocal chorus, with piano||composer|
|Victor||[Trial 1918-07-05-01]||Not documented||7/5/1918||Pois rannoilta Suomen||Soittokunta Louhi||Band||composer|
|Columbia||19187||10-in.||1/5/1911||Solitas polka||Juho Koskelo||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||36445||12-in.||9/12/1912||Soldatgossen||Arvid Asplund||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Columbia||43726||10-in.||January 1916||Suomen laulu||Juho Koskelo||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||43828||10-in.||either 1915 or 1916||Vårt land||Joel Mossberg||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||44578||10-in.||approximately September 1916||Maamme||Juho Koskelo||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||84096||10-in.||approximately February 1918||Laps' Suomen||Juho Koskelo ; Fredrik Pacius||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||5040||10-in.||10/4/1916||Soldatgossen||Joel Mossberg||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Pacius, Fredrik," accessed July 30, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/108875.
Pacius, Fredrik. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved July 30, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/108875.
"Pacius, Fredrik." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 30 July 2021.
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