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Fredrik Pacius

Fredrik Pacius (Finland Swedish: [ˈfreːdrik ˈpɑːsiʉs] (listen); born Friedrich Pacius; March 19, 1809 – January 8, 1891) was a German Finnish composer and conductor who lived most of his life in Finland. He has been called the "Father of Finnish music".

Pacius was born in Hamburg. He was appointed music teacher at the University of Helsinki in 1834. In Helsinki he founded a musical society, the student choir Akademiska Sångföreningen and an orchestra. In 1848 Pacius wrote the music to the poem "Vårt land" by Johan Ludvig Runeberg, which was to become Finland's national anthem. Pacius’s music was also used for the Estonian national anthem "Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm" and the Livonian ethnic anthem "Min izāmō, min sindimō".

In 1852 he composed Kung Karls jakt (The Hunt of King Charles) which was the first Finnish opera, with a libretto in the style of Romantic nationalism, like the national anthem designed to convince Finland's grand duke (i.e. the Russian Emperor Nicholas I) of the total loyalty of his subjects in Finland. The libretto was written by the author and historian Zacharias Topelius in close collaboration with the composer.

His compositions also include a violin concerto, a symphony, a string quartet and several other operas.

Pacius died in Helsinki, aged 81.

Birth and Death Data: Born March 13th, 1809 (Hamburg), Died Helsinki

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1906 - 1939

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 29 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-3515 10-in. 7/11/1906 Soldatgossen Joel Mossberg Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-4637[a] 10-in. 7/8/1907 Suomen Laulu John M. Eriksen Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor E-4642 8-in. 7/8/1907 Oi Naamme Suomi John M. Eriksen Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-9197 10-in. 7/20/1910 Sotilas poika Juho Koskelo Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-13432 10-in. 6/16/1913 Suomen laulu Finnish-American Elite Choir Female vocal chorus, unaccompanied composer  
Victor B-13433 10-in. 6/16/1913 Suomis sång Finnish-American Elite Choir Female vocal chorus, unaccompanied composer  
Victor B-13434 10-in. 6/16/1913 Bjorneborgarnes Marsch Finnish-American Elite Choir Female vocal chorus, unaccompanied arranger  
Victor B-13440 10-in. 6/16/1913 Maamme Finnish-American Elite Choir Female vocal chorus, unaccompanied composer  
Victor B-13441 10-in. 6/16/1913 Porilaisten marssi Finnish-American Elite Choir Female vocal chorus, unaccompanied composer  
Victor B-19980 10-in. 6/7/1917 Suomen lapsi Elli Suokas Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-20102 10-in. 6/12/1917 Ballaadi Kaarle kunninkaan metsästyksesta Elli Suokas Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-20105 10-in. 6/12/1917 Hymni Suomelle Elli Suokas Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-22427 10-in. 11/20/1918 Pois rannoilta Suomen Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor B-22520 10-in. 7/5/1918 Maamme Soittokunta Louhi Band composer  
Victor BVE-35173 10-in. 6/3/1926 Björneborgarnes Marsch Jean Theslöf Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-56158 10-in. 9/26/1929 Sotilas poika Henry Holm Male vocal solo, with violin, cello, and piano composer  
Victor BS-036604 10-in. 4/22/1939 Värt land North Star Singers of Bridgeport Vocal chorus, with piano composer  
Victor [Trial 1918-07-05-01] Not documented 7/5/1918 Pois rannoilta Suomen Soittokunta Louhi Band composer  
Columbia 19187 10-in. 1/5/1911 Solitas polka Juho Koskelo Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 36445 12-in. 9/12/1912 Soldatgossen Arvid Asplund Male vocal solo composer  
Columbia 84096 10-in. approximately February 1918 Laps' Suomen Juho Koskelo ; Fredrik Pacius Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 43726 10-in. January 1916 Suomen laulu Juho Koskelo Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 43828 10-in. either 1915 or 1916 Vårt land Joel Mossberg Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 44578 10-in. approximately September 1916 Maamme Juho Koskelo Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Edison 5040 10-in. 10/4/1916 Soldatgossen Joel Mossberg Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
(Results 1-25 of 29 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Pacius, Fredrik," accessed September 30, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/108875.

Pacius, Fredrik. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved September 30, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/108875.

"Pacius, Fredrik." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 30 September 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/108875

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