Calixa Lavallée

Calixa Lavallée (December 28, 1842 – January 21, 1891) was a French-Canadian-American musician and Union Army band musician during the American Civil War. He is best known for composing the music for "O Canada," which officially became the national anthem of Canada in 1980, after a vote in the Senate and the House of Commons. The same 1980 Act of Parliament also changed some of the English lyrics. A slight alteration to the English lyrics was made again in 2018. The original French lyrics and the music, however, have remained unchanged since 1880.

Birth and Death Data: Born December 28, 1842 (Verchères), Died January 21, 1891 (Boston)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1898 - 1941

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.


Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Berliner 3429 7-in. 6/17/1898 The bridal rose Henry Higgins ; Arthur Pryor Cornet and trombone duet composer  
Victor B-4989 10-in. 1/6/1908 Gavotte Frank La Forge Piano solo composer  
Victor B-6140 10-in. 4/23/1908 O Canada Harold Jarvis Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-14019 12-in. 9/11/1913 Bridal rose overture Pietro Deiro Accordion solo composer  
Victor B-20458 10-in. 7/26/1917 Our father's land of old Alan Turner Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-30239 10-in. 6/5/1924 Dr. Gradus Jeanne Behrend Piano solo composer  
Victor BVE-36764 10-in. 11/12/1926 God save the King Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-39338 10-in. 9/28/1927 Papillon (Butterfly) Myrtle C. Eaver Piano solo composer  
Victor BVE-41725 10-in. 1/26/1928 The bridal rose : Overture Bernardo De Pace ; Nicola De Pace Mandolin and guitar duet composer  
Victor BVE-45612 10-in. 6/7/1928 O Canada Edward Johnson Tenor vocal solo, with male vocal quartet and orchestra composer  
Victor BS-066317 10-in. 6/21/1941 O Canada Disciples de Massenet ; Montreal Festivals Orchestra of 1941 Mixed vocal chorus and orchestra composer  
Victor [Trial 1914-11-19-01] Not documented 11/19/1914 American chivalry Prof. H. J. Chopourian Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 38880 10-in. 5/24/1913 O Canada Columbia Mixed Quartette Mixed vocal quartet, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 8065 10-in. June 1907 Au Canada, terre de nos aïeux Joseph Saucier Male vocal solo, with organ composer  
Columbia W108850 10-in. February 1928 O Canada Quatuor Sylva Male vocal quartet composer  
Edison 1104 10-in. 5/31/1912 O Canada tiere le nos Joseph Saucier Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Edison 3900 10-in. 6/22/1915 O Canada! Beloved country Knickerbocker Quartet ; Elizabeth Spencer Soprano vocal solo and male vocal quartet, with orchestra composer  
Edison 18214 10-in. 2/4/1928 Bridal rose overture Charles Magnante Accordion solo, with orchestra composer  
Edison N-113 10-in. 2/4/1928 Bridal rose overture Charles Magnante Accordion solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor (Canada) [ViC cat 263631-A] 10-in. October 1929 or earlier O Canada! Henri Marcoux Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  


Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Lavallée, Calixa," accessed May 30, 2024,

Lavallée, Calixa. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved May 30, 2024, from

"Lavallée, Calixa." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 30 May 2024.

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