Ignacio Piñeiro Martínez (May 21, 1888 – March 12, 1969) was a Cuban musician, bandleader and composer whose career started in rumba and flowered in the rise of the son. He was one of the most important composers of son music; in total he wrote about 327 numbers, mostly sones.
Piñeiro was a brilliant rumbero who worked with musical groups from 1903 onwards. In 1906, was a member of the Timbre de Oro coro de clave y guaguancó (a vocal group precursor of contemporary guaguancó), and later directed Los Roncos, another famous coro de guaguancó. He was taught the double bass by María Teresa Vera, and in 1926 he was a member of her band, Sexteto Occidente, which recorded in New York City. In 1927 he founded the Sexteto Nacional de Ignacio Piñeiro, later simply known as Sexteto Nacional, in which he was the director and songwriter. With the addition of a trumpet the band became the Septeto Nacional.
For financial reasons, Piñeiro quit the group in 1935; it was then led by trumpet player Lázaro Herrera until the group disbanded in 1937. Piñeiro became for some years the leader and principal songwriter of Los Roncos. The Septeto Nacional was recreated several times from 1954 onwards, initially under Piñeiro's direction, and it continues to perform.
Piñeiro's composition "Échale salsita" (written on a train to Chicago in 1930, and the first song use of the world "salsa" in son) influenced George Gershwin's Cuban Overture. The two met when Gershwin visited Cuba in February 1932. Many of Piñeiro's songs have been performed by other artists like Ray Barretto ("Don Lengua") and René Álvarez ("A la lae la la"). In 1999, Piñeiro was posthumously inducted into the International Latin Music Hall of Fame.
Birth and Death Data: Born May 21st, 1888 (Havana), Died March 12th, 1969 (Havana)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1916 - 1939
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, lyricist, director, leader, string bass, songwriter
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 62 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||BVE-33424||10-in.||9/21/1925||Los curas gallegos||Juan De la Cruz ; Bienvenido León||Male vocal duet, with guitar||composer|
|Victor||BVE-33425||10-in.||9/21/1925||Marcha carabalí||Juan De la Cruz ; Bienvenido León||Male vocal duet, with guitar||composer|
|Victor||BVE-40633||10-in.||10/20/1927||Esas no son Cubanas||Sexteto Habanero||Vocal and instrumental sextet||composer|
|Victor||BVE-45533||10-in.||5/29/1928||No juegues con los santos||Sexteto Habanero||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||BVE-45534||10-in.||5/29/1928||Alma guajira||Sexteto Habanero||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||BVE-62792||10-in.||7/14/1930||Suavecito||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||BVE-62794||10-in.||7/14/1930||Llegó la tora||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||BVE-63394||10-in.||10/15/1930||Nació en oriente||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||lyricist, composer|
|Victor||BVE-63641||10-in.||9/11/1930||No se sabe como vive||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental quartet||composer|
|Victor||BVE-63642||10-in.||9/11/1930||Dámelo||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental quartet||composer|
|Victor||BVE-64374||10-in.||11/25/1930||La mulata cubana||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||songwriter|
|Victor||XVE-67187||10-in.||2/27/1931||Son que quita las penas||Septeto Nacional||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||XVE-67188||10-in.||2/27/1931||Entre preciosos palmares||Septeto Nacional||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||XVE-67189||10-in.||2/27/1931||Que bonito es||Septeto Nacional||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||XVE-67190||10-in.||2/27/1931||A cogerlo||Septeto Nacional||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||PBS-68430||10-in.||2/9/1933||La cachimba de San Juan||Carlos Molina Orchestra||Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal duet; with male vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||BRC-70288||10-in.||10/15/1931||La cachimba de San Juan||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental quartet||composer|
|Victor||BS-73520||10-in.||9/16/1932||Buey viejo||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||lyricist, composer|
|Victor||BS-73521||10-in.||9/16/1932||Busca el alfiler||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||lyricist, composer|
|Victor||BVE-73565||10-in.||9/23/1932||Entre tinieblas||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental quartet||lyricist, composer|
|Victor||BS-73580||10-in.||9/26/1932||Don lengua||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||lyricist, composer|
|Victor||BS-73786||10-in.||10/7/1932||Mentira Salomé||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||lyricist, composer|
|Victor||BS-73788||10-in.||10/7/1932||Misionera||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||lyricist, composer|
|Victor||BS-75331||10-in.||2/28/1933||El castigador||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental quartet||lyricist, composer|
|Victor||BS-75333||10-in.||2/28/1933||Échale salsita||Cuarteto Machín||Vocal and instrumental quartet||lyricist, composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Piñeiro, Ignacio," accessed January 20, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/109682.
Piñeiro, Ignacio. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 20, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/109682.
"Piñeiro, Ignacio." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 20 January 2021.
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