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Solomon Small

Solomon Smulewitz (1868–1943, also Shloyme Smulewitz, Solomon Small) was a Russian-born (later American) Jewish singer, badkhn, recording artist, and primarily composer for the Yiddish theatre. He was born on April 13, 1868 in Pinsk, White Russia (now Belarus)

His father was a cantor; Solomon sang in his chorus from the age of 5. When his father died seven years later Solomon went into the tailoring trade while still singing in cantorial choirs in exchange for his meals. He left to join the chorus of a traveling theater troupe and was very successful in girls' roles. After being left behind in an inn as a mashkn (pledge that the others would come back and pay their bill) he went back to the cantor in Pinsk but was thrown out. He became a street singer.

He wrote his first song at the age of 12: The desolate orphan, an autobiographical plaint. Having learned Russian he sang and played the fiddle from town to town, finally settling in Minsk, where he became a successful badkhn, also writing songs for other local wedding singers. He wrote for Shomer's play productions in Warsaw. He published his first book in 1891.

In America he toured singing his own songs, which eventually totalled around 500 (in a letter to the press he claimed 300 written to his own melodies and 200 set to melodies by others). The most famous were A brivele der mamen, Dos talesl, Al tashlicheinu, Khave, and Dos blumenkrentzele - these and others have through the years often been considered folksongs.

From 1905 to 1909 he issued a yearly collection of his lyrics called "Der teater zinger." In 1916 he published "Poeziye un lider." His 500-page autobiography was never published. His song "Khave" was so popular the famous Russian singer Feodor_Chaliapin included it in his repertoire. He was a prolific recording artist.

Smulewitz had a strong and piercing tenor voice which suited early recording capabilities well; after 1920 both his manner of singing and style of composition went out of fashion. Smulewitz fell on hard times and to make a living continuously toured the United States and Canada from Halifax to Calgary and Winnipeg, often with his daughter Dorothy, without much success. He died impoverished on January 1, 1943 in New York.

Birth and Death Data: Born April 13th, 1868 (Pinsk), Died January 1st, 1943 (New York City)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1904 - 1936

Roles Represented in DAHR: tenor vocal, lyricist, composer

Notes: Alternate name used by Solomon Small.

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor A-1568 7-in. 7/8/1904 Die fier kashes Lizzie Goldfinger ; Goldin Quartet Male vocal quartet, with piano lyricist  
Victor B-1568 10-in. 7/8/1904 Die fier kashes Lizzie Goldfinger ; Goldin Quartet Male vocal quartet, with piano lyricist  
Victor A-1573 7-in. 7/8/1904 The children's song Lizzie Goldfinger ; Goldin Quartet Male vocal quartet, with piano lyricist  
Victor B-1573 10-in. 7/8/1904 The children's song Lizzie Goldfinger ; Goldin Quartet Male vocal quartet, with piano lyricist  
Victor B-6625 10-in. 11/30/1908 A brivele der mame Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal, composer, lyricist  
Victor B-6626 10-in. 11/30/1908 Wart a kappale Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-6627 10-in. 11/30/1908 Dus fertriebene teibele Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-6628 10-in. 11/30/1908 Yhi oir Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal, lyricist  
Victor B-6629 10-in. 11/30/1908 A mensch sol mein sein Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-6630 10-in. 11/30/1908 Schlaf lied Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal, lyricist  
Victor B-6635 10-in. 12/2/1908 Schemen megt ihr sich Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal, lyricist  
Victor B-6636 10-in. 12/2/1908 Der ounig Schabes Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal, lyricist  
Victor B-6637 10-in. 12/2/1908 A Kaddisch'l der Mamen : Part II Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-6638 10-in. 12/2/1908 Dos Yiddische hertz Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-6639 10-in. 12/2/1908 A Nasch Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-9088 10-in. 6/14/1910 Wejiten l'cho Frances Simonoff Female vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Victor B-9094 10-in. 6/15/1910 Dos Yiddish herz Frances Simonoff Female vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Victor C-9128 12-in. 6/23/1910 Die Blumenkrentze Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer, lyricist, vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-9129 10-in. 6/23/1910 Shtoist Zich On Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-9130 10-in. 6/23/1910 Menschele sei nit genart Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist, vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-9131 10-in. 6/23/1910 Sog Gottenu Alein Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer, vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor C-9132 12-in. 6/24/1910 Das Thilem'l Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist, vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-9133 10-in. 6/24/1910 Das Kiduschen Ring Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist, composer, vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor C-9134 12-in. 6/24/1910 Das Yiddisches kind Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-9135 10-in. 6/24/1910 Oi, is dos a mame Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-9136 10-in. 6/27/1910 Sprinzes licht : Bentschen Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with "Jewish orchestra" vocalist, tenor vocal, lyricist  
Victor B-9137 10-in. 6/27/1910 A Yisojme besezens Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with "Jewish orchestra" vocalist, tenor vocal, composer, lyricist  
Victor B-9138 10-in. 6/27/1910 Zu der chupe Vetsere Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with "Jewish orchestra" vocalist, tenor vocal, composer  
Victor B-9139 10-in. 6/27/1910 Besezens fod die emigranted Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with "Jewish orchestra" vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor C-9140 12-in. 6/27/1910 A Chasuno : Chupa Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with "Jewish orchestra" vocalist, tenor vocal, composer  
Victor B-9141 10-in. 6/27/1910 Schmendrixs Besezens Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with "Jewish orchestra" vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-15990 10-in. 5/4/1915 Das bisele glick Kalman Juvelier Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Victor B-15993 10-in. 5/4/1915 Familen glick Fanny Lubritsky Female vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Victor B-17944 10-in. 6/28/1916 Al tiru avde Yankov Samuel Rosenstein Male vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Victor B-17969 10-in. 7/12/1916 Tateneu kim a heim tzurik Bertha Crown Female vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist, composer  
Victor B-18620 10-in. 10/20/1916 Tateneu kim a heim tzurick Nahen Rosenshak [i.e., Naum Coster] Male vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist, composer  
Victor B-19074 10-in. 2/13/1917 Shenk mir mein mame Nahen Rosenshak [i.e., Naum Coster] Male vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Victor B-28142 10-in. 6/22/1923 Zeit frelach Yiddilach Joseph Feldman Male vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Victor BVE-36640 10-in. 10/26/1926 Al tashlichenu Shloimele Rothstein Male vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Victor BVE-37006 10-in. 11/18/1926 Shtief mame Lucy Levin Female vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Victor CS-02326 12-in. 10/26/1936 Al tashlichenu Frank Abelson ; Elihu Winer Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 1960 10-in. ca. 1904 Das Idishe hartz trauert nach ihr, Herzl Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with piano vocalist, tenor vocal, composer, lyricist  
Columbia 1961 10-in. ca. 1904 Fon plehwe Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with piano vocalist, tenor vocal  
Columbia 1962 10-in. ca. 1904 Jankele Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with piano vocalist, tenor vocal  
Columbia 1963 10-in. ca. 1904 Auf jener seit Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with piano vocalist, tenor vocal  
Columbia 1964 10-in. ca. 1904 Freitag auf der nacht Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with piano vocalist, tenor vocal  
Columbia 1965 10-in. ca. 1904 Chaie zipe gut schabes Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with piano vocalist, tenor vocal  
Columbia 1966 10-in. ca. 1904 Die seder nacht Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with piano vocalist, tenor vocal  
Columbia 1967 10-in. ca. 1904 Wajsoso Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with piano vocalist, tenor vocal  
Columbia 1968 10-in. ca. 1904 Mensch sei nit zu viel chochom Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with piano vocalist, tenor vocal  
Columbia 3172 10-in. ca. Jan.-May 1905 Donkey monkey business Solomon Smulewitz Male vocal solo, with piano vocalist, tenor vocal  
Columbia 3208 10-in. ca. Jan.-Sept. 1905 Die seder nacht Goldin Quartet Male vocal quartet, with orchestra lyricist  
Columbia 4840 ca. 1910 Sof ganef litlio Solomon Small Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Columbia 4842 10-in. ca. 1910 Ihr seit a greener Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal, composer, lyricist  
Columbia 19238 10-in. 2/17/1911 Al tashlichenu Hyman Adler Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Columbia 38230 10-in. 8/30/1912 Der nasser kaver Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Columbia 38231 10-in. 8/30/1912 Der naser kehver Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Columbia 38232 10-in. 8/30/1912 A brivele tsu Got (א בריוועלע צו גאָט) Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal, composer, lyricist  
Columbia 38233 10-in. 8/30/1912 A brivele tsu Got (א בריוועלע צו גאָט) Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal, lyricist, composer  
Columbia 38234 10-in. 8/30/1912 A brivele von Russland Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal, composer, lyricist  
Columbia 38235 10-in. 8/30/1912 A brivele von Russland Solomon Small Male vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal, lyricist, composer  
Columbia 39232 10-in. 2/11/1914 Layden und fraiden Meyer Kanewsky Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer, lyricist  
Columbia 39234 10-in. 2/11/1914 A mames ṿerṭh Meyer Kanewsky Male vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist, composer  
Columbia 39398 10-in. 5/22/1914 Yom Kipur zu minche Meyer Kanewsky Male vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Columbia 45511 10-in. 4/1/1915 Eishes chail Mischa Ferenzo Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Columbia 45580 10-in. 4/24/1915 Dos bisele glik (דאס ביסעלע גליק) Kalman Juvelier Male vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Brunswick 6221 10-in. approximately Aug. 1921 Al Tashlichenu Estelle Schreiner Female vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Brunswick E31282 10-in. 10/22/1929 A mame’s trehren Jennie Goldstein Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Small, Solomon," accessed October 19, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/110456.

Small, Solomon. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 19, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/110456.

"Small, Solomon." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 19 October 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/110456

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