Roberto Firpo

Roberto Firpo (May 10, 1884 – June 14, 1969) was an Argentine tango pianist, composer, and leader. Firpo was among the first innovators of the classic tango music genre. He was the creator of the standard tango sextet (Orquesta típica), and the establisher of the piano in the tango orchestra.

Firpo was born in the Flores district of Buenos Aires, where his father owned a grocery store. Firpo left school at 15 to work with his father and then several other companies, he eventually saved 200 Pesos (around US$100, at the time) to buy his first piano.

Around 1903 he began to have lessons with one of the greats of the period, Alfredo Bevilacqua. In 1907 he began composing and performing.

In 1913, at the age of 29, he formed his first orchestra that played the hits "Argañaraz", "Sentimiento criollo", "De pura cepa", and "Marejada" that year. In 1914 classic tango "Alma de bohemio" materialized and presented; one of his most admired work until today.

During his career Firpo played in most of the famous Buenos Aires tango venues such as the Armenonville, El tambito, Palais de Glace, Bar Iglesias, L’Abbaye, Teatro Buenos Aires, Teatro Nacional, Salón San Martín and Colonia Italiana. Many famous musicians passed through his various orchestras including the bandoneonist Pedro Maffia, the violinist Elvino Vardaro, Cayetano Puglisi, Juan Guido, Luis Cosenza and Carlos Garcia. His quartet was one of his most famous ensembles and he wrote many tangos.

He was one of the few tangueros to play in a cafe in Avenida de Mayo in Buenos Aires and he was the first person to play the tango La Cumparsita in the cafe La Giralda in Montevideo, Uruguay.

Firpo in 1930 gave up his tango career for a short while, to try his hand at cattle ranching, but he was forced to return to tango when the Paraná river's floods destroyed his livestock, and after that (trying to recover from the losses and trying his luck) he lost the rest of his fortune on the stock market.

Firpo retired in 1959 and died on June 14, 1969.

Birth and Death Data: Born May 10th, 1884 (Buenos Aires), Died June 14th, 1969

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1912 - 1941

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-14449 10-in. 2/13/1914 Argañarez Castle House Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-15926 10-in. 4/22/1915 Didi Orquesta Argentina de Ferrer Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-15927 10-in. 4/22/1915 De mi flor Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-15930 10-in. 4/22/1915 Sentimiento criollo Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-15931 10-in. 4/22/1915 Una partida Orquesta Argentina de Ferrer Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-15932 10-in. 4/22/1915 Toda la vida Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-15933 10-in. 4/22/1915 Marejada Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-15935 10-in. 4/22/1915 Noche de farra Orquesta Argentina de Ferrer Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-15936 10-in. 4/22/1915 Los Güevara Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-16132 10-in. 6/25/1915 Curda completa Orquesta Argentina de Ferrer Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-16133 10-in. 6/25/1915 Alma de Bohemio Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-16134 10-in. 6/25/1915 El bisturí Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-16135 10-in. 6/25/1915 Barógrafo Orquesta Argentina de Ferrer Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-16139 10-in. 6/25/1915 Indiecita Orquesta Argentina de Ferrer [i.e., Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino] Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-16192 10-in. 7/9/1915 El gallito Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-16193 10-in. 7/9/1915 El apronte Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-16211 10-in. 7/16/1915 De madrugada Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-16212 10-in. 7/16/1915 Noches de frío Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-16214 10-in. 7/16/1915 Recordando el pasado Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-16663 10-in. 10/13/1915 Tallada Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor B-16668 10-in. 10/15/1915 Indio, sácale el pelo Orquesta King [i.e., Victor Orchestra] Orchestra composer  
Victor B-16669 10-in. 10/15/1915 El amanecer Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-18673 10-in. 11/15/1916 Noche calurosa Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quartet composer  
Victor B-19572 10-in. 4/10/1917 Montevideo Orquesta Típica Argentina Celestino Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor BAVE-44560 10-in. Summer 1929 Alma de bohemio Orquesta Típica Victor Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-44583 10-in. Summer 1929 Sueño florido Orquesta Típica Cayetano Puglisi Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-60993 10-in. Sept.-Oct.1931 Que salga el toro! Orquesta Adolfo Carabelli Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-82504 10-in. 5/9/1934 Alma de bohemio Hebe Marin Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BAVE-86736 10-in. Alma de bohemio Trio Ciriaco Ortiz Instrumental trio composer  
Victor BAVE-93093 10-in. Between 1/31/1936 and 3/10/1936 Sueño florido Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-93475 10-in. 1/12/1937 Marejada Orquesta Típica Victor Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-93548 10-in. 4/1/1937 El apronte Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-93586 10-in. 4/27/1937 Homero Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-93855 10-in. 8/14/1937 El amanecer Orquesta Típica Victor Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BA-727 10-in. Fall 1925 Alma de bohemio Orquesta Típica de Caro Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor G-1974 10-in. 5/8/1917 Lo que está bien ... tá bien! Orquesta Típica Alonso-Minotto Instrumental quartet composer  
Victor G-1976 10-in. 5/8/1917 El solitario Orquesta Típica Alonso-Minotto Instrumental quartet composer  
Victor G-1977 10-in. 5/8/1917 Sueño florido Orquesta Típica Alonso-Minotto Instrumental quartet composer  
Victor G-1979 10-in. 5/8/1917 Alma gaucha Orquesta Típica Alonso-Minotto Instrumental quartet composer  
Victor G-1980 10-in. 5/8/1917 Que salga el toro Orquesta Típica Alonso-Minotto Instrumental quartet composer  
Victor G-1981 10-in. 5/8/1917 En el desierto Orquesta Típica Alonso-Minotto Instrumental quartet composer  
Victor G-1982 10-in. 5/8/1917 Homero Orquesta Típica Alonso-Minotto Instrumental quartet composer  
Victor G-1984 10-in. 5/8/1917 El horizonte Orquesta Típica Alonso-Minotto Instrumental quartet composer  
Victor BAVE-012192 10-in. 4/12/1938 El horizonte Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-039644 10-in. 11/18/1940 Argañaraz Orquesta Típica Los Indios ; Ricardo Tanturi Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-039702 10-in. before 3/18/1941 Viviani Orquesta Típica Carlos Di Sarli Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-039816 10-in. 2/26/1941 Fuegos artificiales Orquesta Típica Juan D'Arienzo Instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia 56796 10-in. approximately 1912 La chola Orquesta Típica Juan Maglio ("Pacho") Instrumental EnsembleInstrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia 56810 10-in. between 1920 and 1923 La gaucha Manuela Orquesta Típica Juan Maglio ("Pacho") Instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia 57166 10-in. approximately 1912 La despedida Genaro Espósito ; Orquesta Típica de Genaro Espósito Instrumental ensemble composer  
Brunswick 10696-10698 10-in. 5/21/1923 Alma de Bohemio Joseph C. Smith's Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Odeon [Od cat 16432-B] 10-in. 1917 El ahorcado Orquesta Roberto Firpo Instrumental ensemble composer  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Firpo, Roberto," accessed October 26, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/111106.

Firpo, Roberto. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 26, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/111106.

"Firpo, Roberto." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 26 October 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/111106

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