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Max Schneckenburger

Max Schneckenburger (17 February 1819 – 3 May 1849) was a German poet. The patriotic hymn "Die Wacht am Rhein" uses the text of a poem Schneckenburger wrote in 1840.

Schneckenburger was born in Talheim near Tuttlingen, Württemberg. The younger brother of Matthias Schneckenburger, he was a co-owner of an iron blast furnace company, and his business sent him across the Rhine River to Switzerland. Due to this connection, a first version of his poem was set to music and performed there in 1840 by local musicians. This Bern version is now largely forgotten. Schneckenburger died in Burgdorf near Bern.

The well-known music to his poem was composed by Karl Wilhelm in 1854, five years after his death. After the use of the song in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71 made him and Wilhelm famous, his widow and two sons were granted an annual pension of 3,000 Mark by Otto von Bismarck's Reichskanzleramt. The rest of his German songs were published in Stuttgart in 1870.

On 18 July 1886, Schneckenburger's remains were returned to his native town Talheim in the German Empire.

Birth and Death Data: Born 1819 (Talheim), Died 1849 (Burgdorf)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1900 - 1911

Roles Represented in DAHR: author

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Berliner 01113 7-in. Mar. 1900 Die Wacht am Rhein Joseph Zellman Male vocal solo author  
Victor B-10427 10-in. 5/22/1911 The watch on the Rhine Reinald Werrenrath Male vocal solo, with orchestra author  
Columbia 108 7-in. ca. 1901 Die Wacht am Rhein Emil Muench Tenor vocal solo, with piano author  
Columbia 108 10-in. ca. 1901 Die Wacht am Rhein Emil Muench Tenor vocal solo, with piano author  
Columbia 3687 10-in. ca. Jan.-Aug. 1907 Die wacht am rhein Emil Muench Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra author  
Columbia 30078 12-in. ca. 1906 Die Wacht am Rhein Emil Muench Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra author  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schneckenburger, Max," accessed August 5, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/111801.

Schneckenburger, Max. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved August 5, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/111801.

"Schneckenburger, Max." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 5 August 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/111801

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