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Alberto Villalón Morales

Alberto Villalón Morales (Santiago de Cuba, 7 June 1882 – Havana, 16 July 1955) was one of the greatest musicians in the Cuban trova style.

He was the only one of the 'four greats' of the trova to come from a well-to-do family. Villalón and his sister América studied guitar with Pepe Sánchez, the father of the trova movement. Later, he studied classical guitar to achieve a really excellent technique. He composed his first canciones and boleros at fourteen, and moved to Havana in 1900. In 1907 he recorded on Edison cylinders. In 1908 he formed the Cuarteto Villalón with Adolfo Colombo (tenor), Claudio García (baritone), Emilio Reinoso (mandolin), and Alberto Villalón (guitar). Colombo and García were regular members of the Teatro Alhambra company; Colombo was the most recorded singer of the age.

A difference between Villalón and the other early trovadors was in his guitar technique. With his training he preferred picking (punteado) instead of strumming (rasgueado), which had been the main technique previously. This gave him a wider range of harmonic possibilities and a characteristic style. He had a second career in 1927 when he became a founding member of the Septeto Nacional de Ignacio Piñeiro. Alberto brought into the septet Juan de la Cruz and Benvenido León, who had been playing with him in a trio. The addition of the first really great sonero, Abelardo Barroso (1905 – 1972), made the Nacional the best group in Cuba for its time.

Villalón's career, then, connected the world of trova with the world of son which became central to Cuba's popular music for the rest of the century.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 7th, 1882 (Santiago de Cuba), Died July 16th, 1955

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1907 - 1928

Roles Represented in DAHR: guitar, composer, lyricist

Recordings (Results 176-200 of 244 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor G-1671 10-in. 10/27/1916 La cocinera Adolfo Colombo ; Consuelo Novoa Female-male vocal duet, with guitar instrumentalist, guitar  
Victor G-1672 10-in. 10/27/1916 La guarapeta Adolfo Colombo ; Consuelo Novoa Female-male vocal duet, with guitar instrumentalist, guitar  
Victor G-1679 10-in. 10/30/1916 Arrollando como bueno!! Adolfo Colombo ; Consuelo Novoa Female-male vocal duet, with guitar instrumentalist, guitar  
Victor G-1680 10-in. 10/30/1916 El carnaval Adolfo Colombo ; Consuelo Novoa Female-male dialogue and vocal, with guitar instrumentalist, guitar  
Victor G-1681 10-in. 10/30/1916 El tenorio del barrio Adolfo Colombo ; Consuelo Novoa Female-male vocal duet, with guitar instrumentalist, guitar  
Victor K-1682 12-in. 10/30/1916 La puerta de mi bohío Adolfo Colombo ; Consuelo Novoa Female-male vocal duet, with guitar instrumentalist, guitar  
Victor G-1710 10-in. 11/7/1916 El fuego Adolfo Colombo ; Mariano Fernández Male vocal duet, with guitar instrumentalist, guitar  
Victor G-2931 10-in. 3/8/1923 Ya reiré cuando tú llores Heliodoro Martínez ; Mariano Meléndez Male vocal duet, with violin, flute, and piano composer  
Victor G-2932 10-in. 3/8/1923 Me da miedo quererte Heliodoro Martínez ; Mariano Meléndez Male vocal duet, with violin, flute, and piano composer  
Victor G-2933 10-in. 3/8/1923 A una perjura Heliodoro Martínez ; Mariano Meléndez Male vocal duet, with violin, flute, and piano composer  
Victor G-2934 10-in. 3/9/1923 La neurasténica Juan De la Cruz ; Pedro Martínez Male vocal duet, with guitar instrumentalist, guitar, composer  
Victor G-2935 10-in. 3/9/1923 Son oriental Juan De la Cruz ; Pedro Martínez Male vocal duet, with guitar instrumentalist, guitar, composer  
Victor G-2936 10-in. 3/9/1923 Ese es mi tipo Juan De la Cruz ; Pedro Martínez Male vocal duet, with guitar instrumentalist, guitar, composer  
Columbia W93952 10-in. September 1925 Mi son triste Juan De la Cruz ; Bienvenido León ; Alberto Villalón Morales Vocal and instrumental trio instrumentalist, guitar, composer  
Columbia W93958 10-in. September 1925 María Juan De la Cruz ; Bienvenido León ; Alberto Villalón Morales Vocal and instrumental trio instrumentalist, guitar, composer  
Columbia W95935 10-in. October 1927 Ésas no son cubanas Sexteto Nacional Vocal and instrumental ensemble instrumentalist, guitar  
Columbia W95937 10-in. October 1927 Cubaneo Sexteto Nacional Vocal and instrumental ensemble composer, instrumentalist, guitar  
Columbia W95940 10-in. October 1927 El rey de los bongoseros Sexteto Nacional Vocal and instrumental ensemble instrumentalist, guitar  
Columbia W95947 10-in. October 1927 Por un beso de tu boca Sexteto Nacional Vocal and instrumental ensemble instrumentalist, guitar  
Columbia W95949 10-in. October 1927 Virulilla, virulilla Sexteto Nacional Vocal and instrumental ensemble composer, instrumentalist, guitar  
Columbia W95950 10-in. October 1927 Mamá se quema la maya Sexteto Nacional Vocal and instrumental ensemble instrumentalist, guitar  
Columbia W95983 10-in. 1927 Suicidio Juan De la Cruz ; Bienvenido León Male vocal duet, with guitar composer  
Columbia S96232 10-in. approximately 1928 Falsa boca Sexteto Nacional Instrumental ensemble instrumentalist, guitar  
Columbia S96235 10-in. approximately 1928 Una noche de conga Sexteto Nacional Instrumental ensemble instrumentalist, guitar  
Columbia W96633 10-in. July 1928 Sutileza Sexteto Nacional Vocal and instrumental ensemble instrumentalist, guitar  
(Results 176-200 of 244 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Villalón Morales, Alberto," accessed October 17, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/113130.

Villalón Morales, Alberto. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 17, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/113130.

"Villalón Morales, Alberto." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 17 October 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/113130

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