William Pitt Leleiohoku II, born Kalahoʻolewa (January 10, 1855 – April 9, 1877), was a prince of the Hawaiian Kingdom and member of the reigning House of Kalākaua.
At birth, Leleiohoku was hānai (informally adopted) by Ruth Keʻelikōlani and later legally adopted by her in 1862 as the heir to her vast land holdings. He was educated at St. Alban's College, a precursor of the present ʻIolani School. After finishing his education, he worked in the governmental Foreign Office and served as an officer on the personal military staff of King Lunalilo. On February 14, 1874, his brother Kalākaua was elected king after the death of Lunalilo. Declared heir apparent to his childless brother, Leleiohoku was expected to inherit the throne of Hawaii. He also served as a Privy Councilor and member of the House of Nobles in the Legislature of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
During Kalākaua's trip to the United States to negotiate the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875, Leleiohoku ruled as regent from November 17, 1874, to February 15, 1875. He died at the age of 22 from rheumatic fever resulting in the proclamation of his sister Liliʻuokalani as the next heir to the throne. Leleiohoku and his siblings are honored by the Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame as Na Lani ʻEhā (The Heavenly Four) for their patronage and enrichment of Hawaii's musical culture and history. An accomplished musical composer, Leleiohoku is remembered for composing many folk songs including "Kāua I Ka Huahuaʻi", which was adapted into the popular American song "Hawaiian War Chant".
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-17993||10-in.||7/18/1916||Hawaiian echoes medley||Louise and Ferera||Guitar duet (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Victor||B-19193||10-in.||2/19/1917||Hawaiian medley no. 2||E. K. Rose||Guitar solo (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Victor||BS-023486||10-in.||6/10/1938||Pa-hu-wa-hu-wai||Connecticut Yankees ; Gentlemen Songsters ; Rudy Vallée||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal ensemble||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-030323||10-in.||11/29/1938||Hawaiian war chant||Tommy Dorsey Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-068433||10-in.||11/27/1941||Hawaiian war chant (Ta-hu-wa-hu-wai)||Bob Chester Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||D5VB-1131||10-in.||9/10/1945||Hawaiian war chant (Ta-hu-wa-hu-wai)||Spike Jones ; Wacky Wakakians||Instrumental ensemble, with vocal chorus, narration, sound effects, and vocal solos||composer|
|Columbia||46679||10-in.||4/1/1916||Hawaiian medley||Louise and Ferera||Steel guitar and guitar duet (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Columbia||W145910||10-in.||3/24/1928||Mai poina oe ia'u||Sol Hoopii's Novelty Trio||Instrumental trio, with vocal solo (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Columbia||W146718||10-in.||5/30/1928||Mai poina oe ia'u||Amy Awai ; Flora Hayes||Female vocal duet (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Edison||3038||10-in.||5/18/1914||Moani ke ala||Toots Paka's Hawaiians||Vocal and instrumental ensemble (Hawaiian)||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Leleiōhoku, William Pitt," accessed November 30, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114553.
Leleiōhoku, William Pitt. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved November 30, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114553.
"Leleiōhoku, William Pitt." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 30 November 2023.
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