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William Pitt Leleiōhoku

William Pitt Leleiohoku II, born Kalahoʻolewa (January 10, 1855 – April 9, 1877), was a prince of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi and member of the reigning House of Kalākaua. At birth, he was hānai (informally adopted) by Ruth Keʻelikōlani and later legally adopted by her in 1862 as the heir to her vast land holdings. He was educated at St. Alban's College, a precursor of the present ʻIolani School. After finishing his education, he worked in the governmental Foreign Office and served as an officer on the personal military staff of King Lunalilo. On February 14, 1874, his brother Kalākaua was elected king after the death of Lunalilo. Declared heir apparent to his childless brother, Leleiohoku was expected to inherit the throne of Hawaii. He would also serve as a Privy Councilor and member of the House of Nobles in the Legislature of the Kingdom of Hawaii. During Kalākaua's trip to the United States to negotiate the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875, he ruled as regent in the monarch's absence from November 17, 1874, to February 15, 1875. Leleiohoku died at the age of 22 from rheumatic fever resulting in the proclamation of his sister Liliʻuokalani as the next heir to the throne. An accomplished musical composer, Leleiohoku is remembered for composing many folk songs including "Kāua I Ka Huahuaʻi", which was adapted into the American popular song "Hawaiian War Chant".

Birth and Death Data: Born January 10th, 1854 (Honolulu), Died April 9th, 1877 (Honolulu)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1914 - 1938

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, songwriter

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-17993 10-in. 7/18/1916 Hawaiian echoes medley Louise and Ferera Guitar duet (Hawaiian) composer  
Victor B-19193 10-in. 2/19/1917 Hawaiian medley no. 2 E. K. Rose Guitar solo (Hawaiian) composer  
Victor BS-023486 10-in. 6/10/1938 Pa-hu-wa-hu-wai Connecticut Yankees ; Gentlemen Songsters ; Rudy Vallée Jazz/dance band, with male vocal ensemble songwriter  
Victor BS-030323 10-in. 11/29/1938 Hawaiian war chant Tommy Dorsey Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Columbia 46679 10-in. 4/1/1916 Hawaiian medley Louise and Ferera Steel guitar and guitar duet (Hawaiian) composer  
Columbia W145910 10-in. 3/24/1928 Mai poina oe ia'u Sol Hoopii's Novelty Trio Instrumental trio, with vocal solo (Hawaiian) composer  
Columbia W146718 10-in. 5/30/1928 Mai poina oe ia'u Amy Awai ; Flora Hayes Female vocal duet (Hawaiian) composer  
Edison 3038 10-in. 5/18/1914 Moani ke ala Toots Paka's Hawaiians Vocal and instrumental ensemble (Hawaiian) composer  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Leleiōhoku, William Pitt," accessed December 3, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114553.

Leleiōhoku, William Pitt. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 3, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114553.

"Leleiōhoku, William Pitt." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 3 December 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114553

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