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Leleiohaku

William Pitt Leleiohoku II, born Kalahoʻolewa (January 10, 1855 – April 9, 1877), was a prince of the Hawaiian Kingdom and member of the reigning House of Kalākaua.

At birth, Leleiohoku was hānai (informally adopted) by Ruth Keʻelikōlani and later legally adopted by her in 1862 as the heir to her vast land holdings. He was educated at St. Alban's College, a precursor of the present ʻIolani School. After finishing his education, he worked in the governmental Foreign Office and served as an officer on the personal military staff of King Lunalilo. On February 14, 1874, his brother Kalākaua was elected king after the death of Lunalilo. Declared heir apparent to his childless brother, Leleiohoku was expected to inherit the throne of Hawaii. He also served as a Privy Councilor and member of the House of Nobles in the Legislature of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

During Kalākaua's trip to the United States to negotiate the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875, Leleiohoku ruled as regent from November 17, 1874, to February 15, 1875. He died at the age of 22 from rheumatic fever resulting in the proclamation of his sister Liliʻuokalani as the next heir to the throne. Leleiohoku and his siblings are honored by the Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame as Na Lani ʻEhā (The Heavenly Four) for their patronage and enrichment of Hawaii's musical culture and history. An accomplished musical composer, Leleiohoku is remembered for composing many folk songs including "Kāua I Ka Huahuaʻi", which was adapted into the popular American song "Hawaiian War Chant".

Birth and Death Data: Born January 10, 1854 (Honolulu), Died April 9, 1877 (Honolulu)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1914 - 1941

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, songwriter

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-17993 10-in. 7/18/1916 Hawaiian echoes medley Louise and Ferera Guitar duet (Hawaiian) composer  
Victor B-19193 10-in. 2/19/1917 Hawaiian medley no. 2 E. K. Rose Guitar solo (Hawaiian) composer  
Victor BS-023486 10-in. 6/10/1938 Pa-hu-wa-hu-wai Connecticut Yankees ; Gentlemen Songsters ; Rudy Vallée Jazz/dance band, with male vocal ensemble songwriter  
Victor BS-030323 10-in. 11/29/1938 Hawaiian war chant Tommy Dorsey Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BS-068433 10-in. 11/27/1941 Hawaiian war chant (Ta-hu-wa-hu-wai) Bob Chester Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo composer  
Victor D5VB-1131 10-in. 9/10/1945 Hawaiian war chant (Ta-hu-wa-hu-wai) Spike Jones ; Wacky Wakakians Instrumental ensemble, with vocal chorus, narration, sound effects, and vocal solos composer  
Columbia 46679 10-in. 4/1/1916 Hawaiian medley Louise and Ferera Steel guitar and guitar duet (Hawaiian) composer  
Columbia W145910 10-in. 3/24/1928 Mai poina oe ia'u Sol Hoopii's Novelty Trio Instrumental trio, with vocal solo (Hawaiian) composer  
Columbia W146718 10-in. 5/30/1928 Mai poina oe ia'u Amy Awai ; Flora Hayes Female vocal duet (Hawaiian) composer  
Edison 3038 10-in. 5/18/1914 Moani ke ala Toots Paka's Hawaiians Vocal and instrumental ensemble (Hawaiian) composer  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Leleiōhoku, William Pitt," accessed April 22, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114553.

Leleiōhoku, William Pitt. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved April 22, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114553.

"Leleiōhoku, William Pitt." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 22 April 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114553

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