William Pitt Leleiohoku II, born Kalahoʻolewa (January 10, 1855 – April 9, 1877), was a prince of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi and member of the reigning House of Kalākaua. At birth, he was hānai (informally adopted) by Ruth Keʻelikōlani and later legally adopted by her in 1862 as the heir to her vast land holdings. He was educated at St. Alban's College, a precursor of the present ʻIolani School. After finishing his education, he worked in the governmental Foreign Office and served as an officer on the personal military staff of King Lunalilo. On February 14, 1874, his brother Kalākaua was elected king after the death of Lunalilo. Declared heir apparent to his childless brother, Leleiohoku was expected to inherit the throne of Hawaii. He would also serve as a Privy Councilor and member of the House of Nobles in the Legislature of the Kingdom of Hawaii. During Kalākaua's trip to the United States to negotiate the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875, he ruled as regent in the monarch's absence from November 17, 1874, to February 15, 1875. Leleiohoku died at the age of 22 from rheumatic fever resulting in the proclamation of his sister Liliʻuokalani as the next heir to the throne. An accomplished musical composer, Leleiohoku is remembered for composing many folk songs including "Kāua I Ka Huahuaʻi", which was adapted into the American popular song "Hawaiian War Chant".
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Birth and Death Data: Born January 10, 1854 (Honolulu), Died April 9, 1877 (Honolulu)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1914 - 1941
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, songwriter
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-17993||10-in.||7/18/1916||Hawaiian echoes medley||Louise and Ferera||Guitar duet (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Victor||B-19193||10-in.||2/19/1917||Hawaiian medley no. 2||E. K. Rose||Guitar solo (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Victor||BS-023486||10-in.||6/10/1938||Pa-hu-wa-hu-wai||Connecticut Yankees ; Gentlemen Songsters ; Rudy Vallée||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal ensemble||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-030323||10-in.||11/29/1938||Hawaiian war chant||Tommy Dorsey Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-068433||10-in.||11/27/1941||Hawaiian war chant (Ta-hu-wa-hu-wai)||Bob Chester Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo||composer|
|Columbia||46679||10-in.||4/1/1916||Hawaiian medley||Louise and Ferera||Steel guitar and guitar duet (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Columbia||W145910||10-in.||3/24/1928||Mai poina oe ia'u||Sol Hoopii's Novelty Trio||Instrumental trio, with vocal solo (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Columbia||W146718||10-in.||5/30/1928||Mai poina oe ia'u||Amy Awai ; Flora Hayes||Female vocal duet (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Edison||3038||10-in.||5/18/1914||Moani ke ala||Toots Paka's Hawaiians||Vocal and instrumental ensemble (Hawaiian)||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Leleiōhoku, William Pitt," accessed April 1, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114553.
Leleiōhoku, William Pitt. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved April 1, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114553.
"Leleiōhoku, William Pitt." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 1 April 2023.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
Wikipedia: Leleiohoku II
Linked Open Data Sources
LCNAR: Leleiōhoku, William Pitt, 1854-1877 - http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2008171581
Wikidata: Leleiohoku II - http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q6520848
MusicBrainz: Prince Leleiohoku - https://musicbrainz.org/artist/77e993d9-147b-41d8-842d-5e5b6ec3118a
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