Károly (Carl) Thern (13 August 1817 – 13 April 1886) was a Hungarian composer, pianist, conductor and arranger. He was of German descent, but was among the second generation of composers who developed the language of Hungarian art music.
Thern was born in 1817,in Spišská Nová Ves (Zipser Neudorf in German, Iglo in Hungarian; now in Slovakia).
He conducted at the National Theatre of Pest in 1840s, and at the Music Lovers' Association of Pest between 1868 and 1873, in succession to Mihály Mosonyi. He was also active as a teacher at the National Conservatory.
Thern's incidental music included Svatopluk by József Gaál (1839) in which he introduced the tárogató alongside standard orchestral instruments. His operas included Gizul (premiered 21 December 1841), The Siege of Tihany (Tihany ostroma; 12 April 1845), and The Would-be Invalid (A képzelt beteg; 11 October 1855). Gizul was described as a "... remarkable reflection of the endeavour to give [its] schooling [i.e. musical technique] a Hungarian character, to adorn it as if it were in Hungarian garment". His other music includes a Symphony (1871); a Trio in D minor for two violins and viola, Op. 60; a Hungarian March for piano 6-hands; Landleben, 8 Character Pieces for piano, Op. 38; a Nocturne for solo piano, and songs for plays about Hungarian village life. Thern's music has been rediscovered by the Hungarian pianist Ilona Prunyi.
Karoly Thern made a number of arrangements for piano duet or two pianos, including:
His sons Willi and Louis Thern were his best piano students, and they became a famous team of duo pianists and later teachers.
Thern was an ardent champion of Franz Liszt, who used his melody Fóti dal in his Hungarian Rhapsody No. 1. Liszt dedicated Eucharistia to Karoly Thern, and his arrangement for piano 4-hands of the marches by Franz Schubert to his sons Willi and Louis.
Thern died in Vienna in 1886.
Birth and Death Data: Born August 13th, 1817 (Spišská Nová Ves), Died Vienna
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1912 - 1916
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Columbia||37390||12-in.||9/25/1915||Genius loci||Zoellner String Quartette||Instrumental quartet||composer|
|Edison||1263||10-in.||9/16/1912||Genius loci||American String Quintet||String quintet||composer|
|Edison||4489||10-in.||2/8/1916||Genius loci||American String Quintet||String quintet||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Thern, Károly," accessed October 27, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/116311.
Thern, Károly. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 27, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/116311.
"Thern, Károly." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 27 October 2020.
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