C. Gardel

Carlos Gardel (born Charles Romuald Gardès; 11 December 1890 – 24 June 1935) was a French-born Argentine singer, songwriter, composer and actor, and the most prominent figure in the history of tango. He was one of the most influential interpreters of world popular music in the first half of the 20th century. Gardel is the most famous popular tango singer of all time and is recognized throughout the world. He was notable for his baritone voice and the dramatic phrasing of his lyrics. Together with lyricist and long-time collaborator Alfredo Le Pera, Gardel wrote several classic tangos.

Gardel died in an airplane crash at the height of his career, becoming an archetypal tragic hero mourned throughout Latin America. For many, Gardel embodies the soul of the tango style. He is commonly referred to as "Carlitos", "El Zorzal" ("The Song thrush"), "The King of Tango", "El Mago" (The Wizard), "El Morocho del Abasto" (The Brunette boy from Abasto), and ironically "El Mudo" (The Mute).

In 1967, a controversial theory was published by Uruguayan writer Erasmo Silva Cabrera, asserting that Gardel was born in Tacuarembó, Uruguay. Other authors expanded upon this theory, and a museum to Gardel was established in Tacuarembó. But Gardel's friends and family all knew him as a French immigrant from Toulouse. Scholarly researchers analyzed the contradictory evidence, especially French birth and baptismal records, and confirmed his birthplace as Toulouse.

Birth and Death Data: Born December 11, 1887 (Toulouse), Died June 24, 1935 (Medellín)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1912 - 1956

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor 74322 10-in. 10/3/1933 Mano a mano Trio Ciriaco Ortiz Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-74412 10-in. 1/8/1934 Mano a mano Charlo ; Trio Ciriaco Ortiz Instrumental trio, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BS-77479 10-in. 8/15/1933 Silencio en la noche Manuel Velasquez Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-77480 10-in. 8/15/1933 Melodía de arrabal Manuel Velasquez Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-77635 10-in. 9/8/1933 No sé porqué Manuel Velazquez Orchestra Instrumental quintet, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BS-77636 10-in. 9/8/1933 Cuando no estás Manuel Velazquez Orchestra Instrumental quintet, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BS-78367 10-in. 10/31/1933 Mañanita de sol M. Prichardo ; Manuel Velazquez Male vocal duet, with 3 guitars composer  
Victor BS-78368 10-in. 10/31/1933 Criollita de mis amores M. Prichardo ; Manuel Velazquez Male vocal duet, with 3 guitars composer  
Victor BS-83591 10-in. 7/27/1934 Criollita deci que si Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with 2 guitars and piano composer  
Victor BS-83592 10-in. 7/27/1934 Caminito soleado Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with 2 guitars and piano composer  
Victor BS-83598 10-in. 7/30/1934 Cuesta abajo Alfredo Cibelli ; Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-83599 10-in. 7/30/1934 Mi Buenos Aires querido Alfredo Cibelli ; Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-83700 10-in. 7/30/1934 Amores de estudiante Alfredo Cibelli ; Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-83701 10-in. 7/30/1934 Golondrinas Alfredo Cibelli ; Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-83702 10-in. 7/30/1934 Soledad Alfredo Cibelli ; Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-83703 10-in. 7/30/1934 Rubias de Nueva York Alfredo Cibelli ; Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-84129 10-in. 8/24/1934 Apure, delantero buey Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-84130 10-in. 8/24/1934 Amargura Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BAVE-86868 10-in. 6/17/1935 Sus ojos se cerraron Jorge Omar ; Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BAVE-86873 10-in. 7/01/1935 Volver Orquesta Típica Osvaldo Fresedo ; Roberto Ray Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BAVE-86906 10-in. 7/19/1935 Volvio una noche Jorge Omar ; Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BAVE-86925 10-in. 8/8/1935 Por una cabeza Jorge Omar ; Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BAVE-86928 10-in. 8/9/1935 Lejana tierra mia Edgardo Donato Muchachos ; Horacio Lagos Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BAVE-86934 10-in. 8/23/1935 Arrabal amargo Orquesta Típica Osvaldo Fresedo ; Roberto Ray Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BVE-89224 10-in. 3/19/1935 Arrabal amargo Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-89225 10-in. 3/19/1935 Sus ojos se cerraron Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-89226 10-in. 3/19/1935 Volver Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-89227 10-in. 3/19/1935 Por una cabeza Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-89228 10-in. 3/19/1935 Lejana tierra mía Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-89229 10-in. 3/19/1935 El día que me quieras Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-89230 10-in. 3/20/1935 Volvió una noche Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-89232 10-in. 3/20/1935 Los ojos de mi moza Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-89233 10-in. 3/20/1935 Amargura Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-89235 10-in. 3/20/1935 Guitarra mía Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with 3 guitars composer  
Victor BAVE-93322 10-in. Between 9/4/1936 and 9/10/1936 Los ojos de mi moza Cuarteto Criollo Brunelli Instrumental quartet composer  
Victor BAVE-93365 10-in. 10/3/1936 Mano a mano Jorge Omar ; Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BS-95573 10-in. 10/24/1935 Volver Marimba Pan-Americana Marimba band composer  
Victor BS-95574 10-in. 10/24/1935 El día que me quieras Marimba Pan-Americana Marimba band composer  
Victor BS-99259 10-in. 2/22/1936 Cuesta abajo Lydia Mendoza Female vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Victor BS-99410 10-in. 2/27/1936 Cuesta abajo Club Aguila Orchestra ; Fred Gutiérrez Jazz/dance band (take 1); with recitation (take 2) composer  
Victor BAVE-1252 10-in. summer 1927 Mano a mano Rosita Quiroga Female vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor G-1968 10-in. 5/5/1917 El moro Ignacio Riverol Male vocal solo, with guitar (self-accompaniment) composer  
Victor G-2005 10-in. 5/12/1917 Ingrata! Ignacio Riverol Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Victor G-2006 10-in. 5/12/1917 La mariposa Ignacio Riverol Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Victor G-2007 10-in. 5/12/1917 El señuelo Ignacio Riverol Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Victor G-2008 10-in. 5/12/1917 Amargura Ignacio Riverol Male vocal solo, with guitar and instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor [Vi cat 75250-B] 10-in. approximately 1935 Lejana tierra mia Horacio Lagos ; Orquesta Tipica Edgardo Donato Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BS-02916 10-in. 10/26/1936 Volvio una noche Tito Vargas Male vocal solo, with violin, cello, and piano composer  
Victor BS-02917 10-in. 10/26/1936 El día que me quieras Tito Vargas Male vocal solo, with violin, cello, and piano composer  
Victor BS-02918 10-in. 10/26/1936 Por una cabeza Tito Vargas Male vocal solo, with violin, cello, and piano composer  
Victor BS-02919 10-in. 10/26/1936 Lejana tierra mía Tito Vargas Male vocal solo, with violin, cello, and piano composer  
Victor BS-02920 10-in. 10/26/1936 Silencio Tito Vargas Male vocal solo, with violin, cello, and piano composer  
Victor BS-023641 10-in. 6/28/1938 Golondrinas Quinteto "La Plata" Instrumental quintet, with male vocal duet composer  
Victor BAVE-039639 10-in. before 2/18/1941 El pangare Cuarteto Típico "Los Ases" Instrumental quartet composer  
Victor BAVE-082296 10-in. 8/22/1946 Mi moro Orquesta Típica Francisco J. Lomuto Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal duet composer  
Victor MBS-095414 before 1/24/1956 Silencio Libertad Lamarque ; Orquesta Chucho Zarzosa Female vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia 56748 10-in. 1912 Sos mi tirador plateado Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia 56749 10-in. 1912 Yo se hacer Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia 56750 10-in. 1912 La mañanita Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia 56752 10-in. 1912 A mi madre Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia 56753 10-in. 1912 Me dejaste Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia 56754 10-in. 1912 Mi china cabrera Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia 56755 10-in. 1912 El sueño Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia 56756 10-in. 1912 Pobre flor Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia 56757 10-in. 1912 La mariposa Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia 56758 10-in. 1912 Es en vano Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia 56759 10-in. 1912 Brisas de la tarde Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia 56760 10-in. 1912 El almohadon Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia 56761 10-in. 1912 A mitre Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia 56762 10-in. 1912 Mi madre querida Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Columbia CO15981 10-in. 9/20/1934 Amores de estudiante : Vals canción Carlos Spaventa Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia COW15982 10-in. 9/20/1934 Cuesta abajo Carlos Spaventa Male vocal solo, with guitars composer  
Columbia CO15982 10-in. 9/20/1934 Cuesta abajo : Tango canción Carlos Spaventa Male vocal solo, with 2 guitars composer  
Columbia COW15983 10-in. 9/20/1934 Mi Buenos Aires querido Carlos Spaventa Male vocal solo, with guitars composer  
Columbia CO15983 10-in. 9/20/1934 Mi Buenos Aires querido : Tango canción Carlos Spaventa Male vocal solo, with 2 guitars composer  
Columbia CO15984 10-in. 9/20/1934 Criollita decí que sí : Cifra criolla Carlos Spaventa Male vocal solo, with 2 guitars composer  
Columbia CO16274 10-in. 12/6/1934 Golondrina : Tango canción Carlos Spaventa Male vocal solo, with 3 guitars composer  
Columbia CO16275 10-in. 12/6/1934 Soledad : Tango canción Carlos Spaventa Male vocal solo, with 3 guitars composer  
Columbia CO16404 10-in. 12/6/1934 Caminito soleado : Zamba canción Carlos Spaventa Male vocal solo, with 3 guitars composer  
Columbia CO17659 10-in. 6/4/1935 Volver : Tango canción Ramón Quirós Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia CO17660 10-in. 6/4/1935 Por una cabeza : Tango canción Ramón Quirós Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia CO17661 10-in. 6/4/1935 El día que me quieras Ramón Quirós Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia CO17662 10-in. 6/4/1935 Sus ojos se cerraron : Tango canción Ramón Quirós Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia CO17663 10-in. 6/4/1935 Volvió una noche Ramón Quirós Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia CO17664 10-in. 6/4/1935 Arrabal amargo : Tango canción Ramón Quirós Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia CO18309 10-in. 11/29/1935 Por una cabeza : Tango Marimba Royal Hermanos Hurtado Marimba band composer  
Columbia CO20818 10-in. 3/16/1937 Recordando : Tango canción Jorge Escudero Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia CO20819 10-in. 3/16/1937 Amor : Tango canción Jorge Escudero Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia CO20964 10-in. 4/13/1937 Olvido : Estilo criollo Jorge Escudero Male vocal solo, with 3 guitars composer  
Columbia CO20967 10-in. 4/13/1937 Viejos tiempos : Tango canción Jorge Escudero Male vocal solo, with 3 guitars composer  
Columbia CO20968 10-in. 4/13/1937 Jurar en vano Jorge Escudero ; Sebastián Torres Male vocal duet, with 3 guitars composer  
Columbia W113499 10-in. approximately April 1932 Tomo y obligo : Tango Gregorio Ayala Male vocal solo, with 2 guitars composer  
Columbia W704214 10-in. approximately March 1933 Mi destino : Tango canción Jorge M. Dada ; Trío Albeñiz Male vocal solo, with instrumental trio composer  
Brunswick C899-C900 10-in. 5/3/1927 Entre no mas Rafael García ; Román Nava ; Quinteto Mexicano de Chicago Male vocal solo, with instrumental quintet composer  
Brunswick B11460 10-in. 3/12/1932 Tomo y obligo : Tango Spaventa Male vocal solo, with 2 guitars composer  
Brunswick B11762 10-in. 4/29/1932 Tomo y obligo Orquesta Típica Don Alberto ; Carlos Spaventa Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Brunswick B13171 10-in. 3/23/1933 Criollita de mis ensueños : Zamba cantada Gregorio Ayala ; Miguel Cáceres Male vocal duet, with 3 guitars composer  
Brunswick B13173 10-in. 3/23/1933 El estudiante : Habanera Miguel Cáceres Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Brunswick B13174 10-in. 3/23/1933 Mi destino : Tango canción Miguel Cáceres Male vocal solo, with guitars composer  
Brunswick B13516 10-in. 7/5/1933 Silencio : Tango canción, from "Melodía de Arrabal" Orquesta Típica Don Alberto Instrumental ensemble composer  
Brunswick B13517 10-in. 7/5/1933 Melodía de Arrabal : Tango canción, from "Melodía de Arrabal" Orquesta Típica Don Alberto Instrumental ensemble composer  
Brunswick B13519 10-in. 7/5/1933 Cuando no estás : Canción, from "Melodía de Arrabal" Orquesta Típica Don Alberto Instrumental ensemble composer  
Brunswick B14187 10-in. 10/20/1933 Mañanita de sol : Canción, from "Melodía de Arrabal" Orquesta Típica Don Alberto Instrumental ensemble composer  
Brunswick B14889 10-in. 3/5/1934 Melodia de Arrabal Hurtado Brothers Royal Marimba Band of Guatemala Marimba band composer  
Gramophone 0J322 10-in. before July 1932 Tomo y obligo Alfredo Marino ; Orquesta Típica Palermo Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Gramophone 0J915 10-in. January 1933 Mi destino Orquesta Típica Argentina Angel Maffia Jazz/dance band composer  
Odeon 36 10-in. approximately 1917 El moro Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar composer  
Odeon 137 10-in. approximately 1917 El moro Orquesta Roberto Firpo Male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Odeon E5471 10-in. 4/29/1930 La mariposa Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitar trio composer  
Odeon E7333 10-in. 1/25/1933 Melodia de arrabal Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with 4 guitars composer  
Odeon E7385 10-in. 3/27/1933 Silencio ... ! Carlos Gardel ; Orquesta Francisco Canaro Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble and vocal chorus composer  
Odeon X21172 12-in. approximately 1930 Palabras de José Razzano Carlos Gardel ; José Razzano Male vocal duet, with guitars composer  
Odeon X21292 12-in. approximately 1930 Escena de la película "Cuesta abajo" Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitars composer  
Odeon X21376 12-in. approximately 1930 Escena de la película "Cuesta abajo" Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Odeon X21377 12-in. approximately 1930 Escena de la película "El día que me quieras" Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Gennett 9096 10-in. 9/26/1924 Mano a mano Nava's Mexican Orchestra Instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1132 10-in. 6/7/1928 Mano a mano Orquesta Típica Argentina Salvador Pizarro Instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CL6848 10-in. 11/18/1938 Viejos tiempos Aldo Campoamor ; Orchestre Rafael Canaro Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "C. Gardel," accessed June 25, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/306471.

C. Gardel. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved June 25, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/306471.

"C. Gardel." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 25 June 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/306471

Wikipedia content provided under the terms of the Creative Commons BY-SA license

Feedback

Send the Editors a message about this record.