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Judy Garland

Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an American actress, singer, dancer and vaudevillian. While critically acclaimed for many different roles throughout her career, she is widely known for playing the part of Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz (1939). She attained international stardom as an actress in both musical and dramatic roles, as a recording artist and on the concert stage. Renowned for her versatility, she received an Academy Juvenile Award, a Golden Globe Award and a Special Tony Award. Garland was the first woman to win the Grammy Award for Album of the Year, which she won for her 1961 live recording titled Judy at Carnegie Hall.

Garland began performing as a child with her two older sisters, in a vaudeville group "The Gumm Sisters" and was later signed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as a teenager. She appeared in more than two dozen films for MGM. Garland was a frequent on-screen partner of both Mickey Rooney and Gene Kelly and regularly collaborated with director and second husband Vincente Minnelli. Other starring roles during this period included Meet Me in St. Louis (1944), The Harvey Girls (1946), Easter Parade (1948) and Summer Stock (1950). In 1950, after 15 years with MGM, the studio released her amid a series of personal struggles that prevented her from fulfilling the terms of her contract.

Although her film career became intermittent thereafter, two of Garland's most critically acclaimed roles came later in her career: she received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in A Star Is Born (1954) and a nomination for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in Judgment at Nuremberg (1961). She also made record-breaking concert appearances, released eight studio albums and hosted her own Emmy-nominated television series, The Judy Garland Show (1963–1964). At age 39, Garland became the youngest and first female recipient of the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in the film industry. In 1997, Garland was posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Several of her recordings have been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame and in 1999, the American Film Institute ranked her as the eighth-greatest female screen legend of classic Hollywood cinema.

Garland struggled in her personal life from an early age. The pressures of early stardom affected her physical and mental health from the time she was a teenager; her self-image was influenced by constant criticism from film executives who believed that she was physically unattractive and who manipulated her onscreen physical appearance. Throughout her adulthood she abused drugs and alcohol. She had financial troubles, often owing hundreds of thousands of dollars in back taxes. Her lifelong substance use disorder ultimately led to her death from an accidental barbiturate overdose in 1969, at age 47.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 10, 1922 (Grand Rapids), Died June 22, 1969 (Chelsea)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1935 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: vocalist

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 26-50 of 80 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Decca DLA 1869 10-in. 10/16/1939 Embraceable you Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 1870 10-in. 10/16/1939 Swanee Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 1871 10-in. 10/16/1939 Figaro Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 1971 10-in. 4/10/1940 (Can this be) The end of the rainbow Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 1987 10-in. 4/15/1940 Friendship Judy Garland ; Johnny Mercer vocalist  
Decca DLA 2282 10-in. 12/18/1940 I'm always chasing rainbows Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 2283 10-in. 12/18/1940 Our love affair Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 2284 10-in. 12/18/1940 A pretty girl making her cow Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 2285 10-in. 12/18/1940 It's a great day for the Irish Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 2578 10-in. 7/20/1941 The birthday of a king Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 2579 10-in. 7/20/1941 The star of the East Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 2798 10-in. 10/24/1941 How about you? Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 2799 10-in. 10/24/1941 Blues in the night Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 2800 10-in. 10/24/1941 F.D.R. Jones Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 2968 10-in. 4/3/1942 The last call for love Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 2969 10-in. 4/3/1942 Poor you Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 2970 10-in. 4/3/1942 On the sunny side of the street Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca DLA 2971 10-in. 4/3/1942 Poor little rich girl Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca L 3140 10-in. 7/26/1942 For me and my gal Judy Garland ; Gene Kelly vocalist  
Decca L 3141 10-in. 7/26/1942 When you wore a tulip Judy Garland ; Gene Kelly vocalist  
Decca L 3142 10-in. 7/26/1942 That old black magic Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca L 3143 10-in. 7/26/1942 I never knew Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca L 3250 10-in. 11/2/1943 But not for me Judy Garland vocalist  
Decca L 3251 10-in. 11/2/1943 Treat me rough Judy Garland ; Mickey Rooney vocalist  
Decca L 3252 10-in. 11/2/1943 I got rhythm Judy Garland vocalist  
(Results 26-50 of 80 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Garland, Judy," accessed April 24, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/317106.

Garland, Judy. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved April 24, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/317106.

"Garland, Judy." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 24 April 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/317106

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