John of Damascus
Saint John of Damascus (Greek: Ἰωάννης ὁ Δαμασκηνός, romanized: Ioánnēs ho Damaskēnós, IPA: [ioˈanis o ðamasciˈnos]; Latin: Ioannes Damascenus; Arabic: يوحنا الدمشقي, romanized: Yūḥannā ad-Dimashqī), also known as John Damascene and as Χρυσορρόας / Chrysorrhoas (literally "streaming with gold"—i.e., "the golden speaker"), was a Byzantine monk and priest. Born and raised in Damascus c. 675 or 676, he died at his monastery, Mar Saba, near Jerusalem on 4 December 749.
A polymath whose fields of interest and contribution included law, theology, philosophy, and music, he is said by some sources to have served as a Chief Administrator to the Muslim caliph of Damascus before his ordination. He wrote works expounding the Christian faith, and composed hymns which are still used both liturgically in Eastern Christian practice throughout the world as well as in western Lutheranism at Easter. He is one of the Fathers of the Eastern Orthodox Church and is best known for his strong defence of icons. The Catholic Church regards him as a Doctor of the Church, often referred to as the Doctor of the Assumption due to his writings on the Assumption of Mary.
The most common source of information for the life of John of Damascus is a work attributed to one John of Jerusalem, identified therein as the Patriarch of Jerusalem. This is an excerpted translation into Greek of an earlier Arabic text. The Arabic original contains a prologue not found in most other translations, and was written by an Arab monk, Michael. Michael explained that he decided to write his biography in 1084 because none was available in his day. However, the main Arabic text seems to have been written by an earlier author sometime between the early 9th and late 10th centuries AD. Written from a hagiographical point of view and prone to exaggeration and some legendary details, it is not the best historical source for his life, but is widely reproduced and considered to contain elements of some value. The hagiographic novel Barlaam and Josaphat, traditionally attributed to John, is in fact a work of the 10th century.
Birth and Death Data: Born 0675 (Damascus), Died December 8, 749 (Holy Lavra of Saint Sabbas)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1915 - 1940
Roles Represented in DAHR: author
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||BS-046716||10-in.||1/24/1940||The Day of Resurrection||Emile Coté ; Victor Chapel Choir||Mixed vocal chorus, with organ||author|
|Edison||3578||10-in.||2/11/1915||The Day of Resurrection||Metropolitan Quartet||Mixed vocal quartet, with orchestra||author|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "John of Damascus," accessed January 18, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/323719.
John of Damascus. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 18, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/323719.
"John of Damascus." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 18 January 2022.
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