The Afro-Cubans were a Latin jazz band founded by Machito in 1940; often billed as Machito and his Afro-Cubans. Their musical director, and an important musical innovator, was Mario Bauzá, Machito's brother-in-law.
The Afro-Cubans combined Cuban music with orchestrations derived from swing. As well, the Afro-Cubans played with and incorporated the music of many important figures in contemporary jazz, including Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Flip Phillips, and Buddy Rich; but the association went both ways, as the Latin rhythms of the Afro-Cubans strongly influenced the jazz scene in New York.
After making some early 78s for Decca, the Afro-Cubans began to increase in popularity towards the end of World War II, appearing with—and no doubt influencing -- Stan Kenton's orchestra. (Machito played maracas on Kenton's recordings of "The Peanut Vendor" and "Cuban Carnival") and recorded for Mercury and Clef. On Bauzá's urging, Machito's band featured a galaxy of American jazz soloists on its recordings from 1948 to 1960, including Charlie Parker (heard memorably on "No Noise"), Dizzy Gillespie, Flip Phillips, Howard McGhee, Buddy Rich, Harry "Sweets" Edison, Cannonball Adderley, Herbie Mann, Curtis Fuller and Johnny Griffin. Playing regularly at New York's Palladium, Machito's band reached its peak of popularity during the mambo craze of the 1950s, survived the upheavals of the '60s and despite the loss of Bauzá in 1976, continued to work frequently in the '60s, '70s, and early '80s when the term "salsa" came into use. The band recorded for Pablo (in tandem with Gillespie) and Timeless in its later years.
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Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1941 - 1958
Roles Represented in DAHR: Musical group
Notes: Sometimes listed as Machito y sus Afro-Cubans.
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 26-44 of 44 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Decca||71204||10-in.||7/27/1942||Sensemaya||Miguelito Valdés||Musical group|
|Decca||71205||10-in.||7/27/1942||Oye negra||Miguelito Valdés||Musical group|
|Decca||71206||10-in.||7/27/1942||Nague||Miguelito Valdés||Musical group|
|Decca||81473||9/4/1951||Walter Winchell rhumba||Miguelito Valdés y su Conjunto||Musical group|
|Decca||81474||9/4/1951||La negra leono||Miguelito Valdés y su Conjunto||Musical group|
|Decca||81475||9/4/1951||Escucha mi son||Miguelito Valdés y su Conjunto||Musical group|
|Decca||81476||9/4/1951||Babalu||Miguelito Valdés y su Conjunto||Musical group|
|Decca||105841||10/17/1958||Guaglione||Afro-Cubans ; Machito||Musical group|
|Decca||105842||10/17/1958||Cocktails for two||Afro-Cubans ; Machito||Musical group|
|Decca||105843||10/17/1958||The Continental||Afro-Cubans ; Machito||Musical group|
|Decca||105844||10/17/1958||Patricia||Afro-Cubans ; Machito||Musical group|
|Decca||105845||10/23/1958||Ecstasy||Afro-Cubans ; Machito||Musical group|
|Decca||105846||10/23/1958||Me lo dijo Adela||Afro-Cubans ; Machito||Musical group|
|Decca||105847||10/23/1958||Torero||Afro-Cubans ; Machito||Musical group|
|Decca||105848||10/23/1958||Cha cha cha loco||Afro-Cubans ; Machito||Musical group|
|Decca||105849||10/27/1958||Mambo la concord||Afro-Cubans ; Machito||Musical group|
|Decca||105850||10/27/1958||El aji Caribe||Afro-Cubans ; Machito||Musical group|
|Decca||105851||10/27/1958||Cotillion mambo||Afro-Cubans ; Machito||Musical group|
|Decca||105852||10/27/1958||Rico vacilon||Afro-Cubans ; Machito||Musical group|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Afro-Cubans," accessed June 4, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/328825.
Afro-Cubans. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved June 4, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/328825.
"Afro-Cubans." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 4 June 2023.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
Wikipedia: Afro-Cubans (band)
Linked Open Data Sources
LCNAR: Afro-Cubans (Musical group) - http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no98025153
Wikidata: Afro-Cubans (band) - http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q4690177
MusicBrainz: Machito & his Afro Cubans - https://musicbrainz.org/artist/506b1015-3d75-4d4e-8005-52def0c9427b
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