Glenn Miller

Alton Glen (Glenn) Miller (March 1, 1904 – disappeared December 15, 1944) was an American big band founder, owner, conductor, composer, arranger, trombone player, and recording artist before and during World War II, when he was an officer in the US Army Air Forces. Glenn Miller and His Orchestra was one of the most popular and successful bands of the 20th century and the big band era. His military group, the Major Glenn Miller Army Air Forces Orchestra, was also popular and successful.

Glenn Miller and His Orchestra was the best-selling recording band from 1939 to 1942. Miller's civilian band did not have a string section as his military unit did, but it did have a slap bass in the rhythm section. It was also a touring band that played multiple radio broadcasts nearly every day. Their best-selling records include Miller's theme song – "Moonlight Serenade" – and the first gold record ever made, "Chattanooga Choo Choo". The following tunes are also on that best-seller list: "In the Mood", "Pennsylvania 6-5000" (printed as "Pennsylvania Six-Five Thousand" on record labels), "A String of Pearls", "Moonlight Cocktail", "At Last", "(I've Got a Gal In) Kalamazoo", "American Patrol", "Tuxedo Junction", "Elmer's Tune", "Little Brown Jug", and "Anvil Chorus". Including "Chattanooga Choo Choo", five songs played by Miller and His Orchestra were number one hits for most of 1942 and can be found on the List of Billboard number-one singles of 1942. In four years, Miller scored 16 number one records and 69 top 10 hits, more than Elvis Presley (40) and the Beatles in their careers. His musical legacy includes multiple recordings in the Grammy Hall of Fame. His work has been performed by swing bands, jazz bands, and big bands worldwide for over 75 years.

Miller is considered to be the father of the modern US military bands. In 1942, he volunteered to join the US military to entertain troops during World War II and ended up in the US Army Air Forces. Their workload was just as heavy as the civilian band's had been. With a full string section added to a big band, the Major Glenn Miller Army Air Forces Orchestra was the forerunner of many US military big bands.

Miller went missing in action (MIA) on December 15, 1944, on a flight over the English Channel. In keeping with standard operating procedure for the US military services, Miller was officially declared dead a year and a day later. An Army investigation led to an official finding of death (FOD) for Miller, Norman Baessell, and John Morgan, all of whom died on the same flight. All three officers are listed on the Tablets of the Missing at Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorial in Cambridge, England. Since his body was not recoverable, Miller was allowed to have a memorial headstone placed at the US Army-operated Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia. In February 1945, he was posthumously awarded the Bronze Star Medal.

Birth and Death Data: Born March 1, 1904 (Clarinda), Died December 15, 1944 (English Channel)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1928 - 1946

Roles Represented in DAHR: trombone, director, arranger, composer, songwriter, leader

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 324 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BVE-50913 10-in. 3/5/1929 On with the dance Park Central Orchestra ; Ben Pollack Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo arranger  
Victor BVE-57145 10-in. 11/14/1929 Hello Lola Mound City Blue Blowers Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trombone  
Victor BVE-57146 10-in. 11/14/1929 One hour Mound City Blue Blowers Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trombone  
Victor BS-027410 10-in. 9/27/1938 My reverie Ray Eberle ; Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo director  
Victor BS-027411 10-in. 9/27/1938 By the waters of Minnetonka (Indian love song) Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band director  
Victor BS-027412 10-in. 9/27/1938 By the waters of Minnetonka (Indian love song) Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band director  
Victor BS-027413 10-in. 9/27/1938 King Porter stomp Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band director  
Victor BS-033607 10-in. 2/6/1939 (Gotta get some) Shut-eye Glenn Miller Orchestra ; Marion Hutton Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-033608 10-in. 2/6/1939 How I'd like to be with you in Bermuda Ray Eberle ; Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-033609 10-in. 2/6/1939 Cuckoo in the clock Glenn Miller Orchestra ; Marion Hutton Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-033610 10-in. 2/6/1939 Romance runs in the family Glenn Miller Orchestra ; Marion Hutton Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-035399 10-in. 4/4/1939 The chestnut tree ('Neath the spreading chestnut tree) Glenn Miller Orchestra ; Marion Hutton Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo and vocal ensemble instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-035700 10-in. 4/4/1939 And the angels sing Ray Eberle ; Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-035701 10-in. 4/4/1939 Moonlight serenade Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trombone, composer, director  
Victor BS-035702 10-in. 4/4/1939 The lady's in love with you Tex Beneke ; Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-035729 10-in. 4/10/1939 Wishing (Will make it so) Ray Eberle ; Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-035730 10-in. 4/10/1939 Three little fishies (Itty bitty poo) Tex Beneke ; Glenn Miller Orchestra ; Marion Hutton Jazz/dance band, with female-male vocal duet and vocal ensemble instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-035731 10-in. 4/10/1939 Sunrise serenade Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-035732 10-in. 4/10/1939 Little brown jug Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-035764 10-in. 4/18/1939 My last goodbye Ray Eberle ; Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-035765 10-in. 4/18/1939 But it didn't mean a thing Glenn Miller Orchestra ; Marion Hutton Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-035766 10-in. 4/18/1939 Pavanne Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-035767 10-in. 4/18/1939 Runnin' wild Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-036877 10-in. 5/9/1939 To you Ray Eberle ; Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trombone, director  
Victor BS-036878 10-in. 5/9/1939 Stairway to the stars Ray Eberle ; Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trombone, director  
(Results 1-25 of 324 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Miller, Glenn," accessed April 13, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102013.

Miller, Glenn. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved April 13, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102013.

"Miller, Glenn." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 13 April 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102013

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