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Dizzy Gillespie

John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (; October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, and singer.

Gillespie was a trumpet virtuoso and improviser, building on the virtuoso style of Roy Eldridge but adding layers of harmonic and rhythmic complexity previously unheard in jazz. His combination of musicianship, showmanship, and wit made him a leading popularizer of the new music called bebop. His beret and horn-rimmed spectacles, his scat singing, his bent horn, pouched cheeks, and his light-hearted personality provided some of bebop's most prominent symbols.

In the 1940s Gillespie, with Charlie Parker, became a major figure in the development of bebop and modern jazz.

He taught and influenced many other musicians, including trumpeters Miles Davis, Jon Faddis, Fats Navarro, Clifford Brown, Arturo Sandoval, Lee Morgan, Chuck Mangione, and balladeer Johnny Hartman.

Scott Yanow wrote, "Dizzy Gillespie's contributions to jazz were huge. One of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time, Gillespie was such a complex player that his contemporaries ended up being similar to those of Miles Davis and Fats Navarro instead, and it was not until Jon Faddis's emergence in the 1970s that Dizzy's style was successfully recreated [....] Arguably Gillespie is remembered, by both critics and fans alike, as one of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time".

Birth and Death Data: Born October 21st, 1917 (Cheraw), Died January 6th, 1993 (Englewood)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1937 - 1942

Roles Represented in DAHR: trumpet, arranger

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BS-010208 10-in. 5/17/1937 Yours and mine Bill Dillard ; Teddy Hill NBC Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor BS-010210 10-in. 5/17/1937 King Porter stomp Teddy Hill NBC Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor BS-010211 10-in. 5/17/1937 Blue rhythm fantasy Teddy Hill NBC Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trumpet  
Decca 70299 10-in. 2/9/1942 Mound bayou Pete Brown and his Band instrumentalist, trumpet  
Decca 70300 10-in. 2/9/1942 Unlucky woman (Unlucky blues) Pete Brown and his Band instrumentalist, trumpet  
Decca 70301 10-in. 2/9/1942 Gonna buy me a telephone Pete Brown and his Band instrumentalist, trumpet  
Decca 70302 10-in. 2/9/1942 Cannon ball-1 Pete Brown and his Band instrumentalist, trumpet  
Decca 71243 10-in. 7/29/1942 Are you ready? Lucky Millinder Orchestra instrumentalist, trumpet  
Decca 71244 10-in. 7/29/1942 Mason flyer Lucky Millinder Orchestra instrumentalist, trumpet  
Decca 71245 10-in. 7/29/1942 When the lights go on again Lucky Millinder Orchestra instrumentalist, trumpet  
Decca 71246 10-in. 7/29/1942 Little John special Lucky Millinder Orchestra instrumentalist, trumpet  
Decca L 3125 10-in. 7/24/1942 Down under-2 Woody Herman Orchestra arranger  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Gillespie, Dizzy," accessed November 26, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102015.

Gillespie, Dizzy. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved November 26, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102015.

"Gillespie, Dizzy." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 26 November 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102015

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