John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (; October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, educator and singer. He was a trumpet virtuoso and improviser, building on the virtuoso style of Roy Eldridge but adding layers of harmonic and rhythmic complexity previously unheard in jazz. His combination of musicianship, showmanship, and wit made him a leading popularizer of the new music called bebop. His beret and horn-rimmed spectacles, his scat singing, his bent horn, pouched cheeks, and his light-hearted personality provided some of bebop's most prominent symbols.
In the 1940s Gillespie, with Charlie Parker, became a major figure in the development of bebop and modern jazz. He taught and influenced many other musicians, including trumpeters Miles Davis, Jon Faddis, Fats Navarro, Clifford Brown, Arturo Sandoval, Lee Morgan, Chuck Mangione, and balladeer Johnny Hartman.
Scott Yanow wrote, "Dizzy Gillespie's contributions to jazz were huge. One of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time, Gillespie was such a complex player that his contemporaries ended up being similar to those of Miles Davis and Fats Navarro instead, and it was not until Jon Faddis's emergence in the 1970s that Dizzy's style was successfully recreated [....] Arguably Gillespie is remembered, by both critics and fans alike, as one of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time".
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Birth and Death Data: Born October 21, 1917 (Cheraw), Died January 6, 1993 (Englewood)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1937 - 1949
Roles Represented in DAHR: trumpet, leader, composer, vocalist, arranger
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||BS-010208||10-in.||5/17/1937||Yours and mine||Bill Dillard ; Teddy Hill NBC Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Victor||BS-010210||10-in.||5/17/1937||King Porter stomp||Teddy Hill NBC Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Victor||BS-010211||10-in.||5/17/1937||Blue rhythm fantasy||Teddy Hill NBC Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Victor||D7VB-1542||10-in.||8/22/1947||Ow!||Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, trumpet, leader, composer|
|Victor||D7VB-1543||10-in.||8/22/1947||Oop-pop-a-da||Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie ; Kenny Hagood||Scat singing, with solos and jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, trumpet, leader, vocalist|
|Victor||D7VB-1544||10-in.||8/22/1947||Two bass hit||Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, trumpet, leader, composer|
|Victor||D7VB-1545||10-in.||8/22/1947||Stay on it||Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, trumpet, leader, composer|
|Victor||D8VB-4148||10-in.||12/29/1948||Guarachi guaro||Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo and male vocal ensemble||instrumentalist, trumpet, leader, composer|
|Victor||D8VB-4149||10-in.||12/29/1948||Duff capers||Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie ; Dizzy Gillespie||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, trumpet, leader|
|Victor||D8VB-4150||10-in.||12/29/1948||Lover, come back to me||Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie ; Dizzy Gillespie||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, trumpet, leader|
|Victor||D8VB-4151||10-in.||12/29/1948||I'm be boppin' too||Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||instrumentalist, trumpet, leader, vocalist|
|Decca||70299||10-in.||2/9/1942||Mound bayou||Pete Brown and his Band||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||70300||10-in.||2/9/1942||Unlucky woman (Unlucky blues)||Pete Brown and his Band||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||70301||10-in.||2/9/1942||Gonna buy me a telephone||Pete Brown and his Band||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||70302||10-in.||2/9/1942||Cannon ball||Nora Lee King ; Pete Brown and his Band||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||71243||10-in.||7/29/1942||Are you ready?||Lucky Millinder Orchestra||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||71244||10-in.||7/29/1942||Mason flyer||Lucky Millinder Orchestra||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||71245||10-in.||7/29/1942||When the lights go on again||Lucky Millinder Orchestra||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||71246||10-in.||7/29/1942||Little John special||Lucky Millinder Orchestra||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||L 3125||10-in.||7/24/1942||Down under-2||Woody Herman Orchestra||arranger|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Gillespie, Dizzy," accessed March 21, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102015.
Gillespie, Dizzy. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102015.
"Gillespie, Dizzy." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 21 March 2023.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
Wikipedia: Dizzy Gillespie
Discogs: Dizzy Gillespie
Allmusic: Dizzy Gillespie
Linked Open Data Sources
LCNAR: Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993 - http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n50033872
Wikidata: Dizzy Gillespie - http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q49575
MusicBrainz: Dizzy Gillespie - https://musicbrainz.org/artist/e9ba8ccb-505f-4e5c-b909-65998d0d35b5
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