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Dizzy Gillespie

John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie ( ghil-ESP-ee; October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, educator and singer. He was a trumpet virtuoso and improviser, building on the virtuosic style of Roy Eldridge but adding layers of harmonic and rhythmic complexity previously unheard in jazz. His combination of musicianship, showmanship, and wit made him a leading popularizer of the new music called bebop. His beret and horn-rimmed spectacles, scat singing, bent horn, pouched cheeks, and light-hearted personality have made him an enduring icon.

In the 1940s, Gillespie, with Charlie Parker, became a major figure in the development of bebop and modern jazz. He taught and influenced many other musicians, including trumpeters Miles Davis, Jon Faddis, Fats Navarro, Clifford Brown, Arturo Sandoval, Lee Morgan, Chuck Mangione, and balladeer Johnny Hartman.

He pioneered Afro-Cuban jazz and won several Grammy Awards. Scott Yanow wrote, "Dizzy Gillespie's contributions to jazz were huge. One of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time, Gillespie was such a complex player that his contemporaries ended up being similar to those of Miles Davis and Fats Navarro instead, and it was not until Jon Faddis's emergence in the 1970s that Dizzy's style was successfully recreated [....] Gillespie is remembered, by both critics and fans alike, as one of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time".

Birth and Death Data: Born October 21, 1917 (Cheraw), Died January 6, 1993 (Englewood)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1937 - 1949

Roles Represented in DAHR: trumpet, leader, composer, vocalist, songwriter, arranger

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 30 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BS-010208 10-in. 5/17/1937 Yours and mine Bill Dillard ; Teddy Hill NBC Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor BS-010210 10-in. 5/17/1937 King Porter stomp Teddy Hill NBC Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor BS-010211 10-in. 5/17/1937 Blue rhythm fantasy Teddy Hill NBC Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor D7VB-1542 10-in. 8/22/1947 Ow! Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra Jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, trumpet, composer  
Victor D7VB-1543 10-in. 8/22/1947 Oop-pop-a-da Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie ; Kenny Hagood Scat singing, with solos and jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist  
Victor D7VB-1544 10-in. 8/22/1947 Two bass hit Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trumpet, leader, composer  
Victor D7VB-1545 10-in. 8/22/1947 Stay on it Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra Jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, trumpet, composer  
Victor D7VB-2932 10-in. 12/22/1947 Algo bueno Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie Jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, trumpet, composer  
Victor D7VB-2933 10-in. 12/22/1947 Cool breeze Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie ; Kenny Hagood Male vocal duet, with jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, trumpet, songwriter, vocalist  
Victor D7VB-2934 10-in. 12/22/1947 Cubana be Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie ; Chano Pozo Jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, trumpet, composer  
Victor D7VB-2935 10-in. 12/22/1947 Cubana bop Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie ; Chano Pozo Jazz/dance band with chanting leader, instrumentalist, trumpet, composer  
Victor D7VB-3080 10-in. 12/30/1947 Manteca Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie Jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, trumpet, composer  
Victor D7VB-3092 10-in. 12/30/1947 Good bait Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie Jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor D7VB-3093 10-in. 12/30/1947 Ool-ya-koo Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie ; Kenny Hagood Male vocal duet, with jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist, songwriter  
Victor D7VB-3094 10-in. 12/30/1947 Minor walk Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie Jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, trumpet, composer  
Victor D8VB-4148 10-in. 12/29/1948 Guarachi guaro Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo and male vocal ensemble leader, instrumentalist, trumpet, composer  
Victor D8VB-4149 10-in. 12/29/1948 Duff capers Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie ; Dizzy Gillespie Jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor D8VB-4150 10-in. 12/29/1948 Lover, come back to me Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra ; Dizzy Gillespie ; Dizzy Gillespie Jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor D8VB-4151 10-in. 12/29/1948 I'm be boppin' too Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo leader, instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist  
Victor D9VB-0021 10-in. 1/3/1949 Overtime Metronome All Stars Jazz/dance band, with solos instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor D9VB-0022 10-in. 1/3/1949 Victory ball Metronome All Stars Jazz/dance band, with solos instrumentalist, trumpet  
Decca 70299 10-in. 2/9/1942 Mound bayou Pete Brown and his Band instrumentalist, trumpet  
Decca 70300 10-in. 2/9/1942 Unlucky woman (Unlucky blues) Pete Brown and his Band instrumentalist, trumpet  
Decca 70301 10-in. 2/9/1942 Gonna buy me a telephone Pete Brown and his Band instrumentalist, trumpet  
Decca 70302 10-in. 2/9/1942 Cannon ball Nora Lee King ; Pete Brown and his Band instrumentalist, trumpet  
(Results 1-25 of 30 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Gillespie, Dizzy," accessed May 20, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102015.

Gillespie, Dizzy. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved May 20, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102015.

"Gillespie, Dizzy." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 20 May 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102015

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