John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (; October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, educator and singer. He was a trumpet virtuoso and improviser, building on the virtuoso style of Roy Eldridge but adding layers of harmonic and rhythmic complexity previously unheard in jazz. His combination of musicianship, showmanship, and wit made him a leading popularizer of the new music called bebop. His beret and horn-rimmed spectacles, his scat singing, his bent horn, pouched cheeks, and his light-hearted personality provided some of bebop's most prominent symbols.
In the 1940s Gillespie, with Charlie Parker, became a major figure in the development of bebop and modern jazz. He taught and influenced many other musicians, including trumpeters Miles Davis, Jon Faddis, Fats Navarro, Clifford Brown, Arturo Sandoval, Lee Morgan, Chuck Mangione, and balladeer Johnny Hartman.
Scott Yanow wrote, "Dizzy Gillespie's contributions to jazz were huge. One of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time, Gillespie was such a complex player that his contemporaries ended up being similar to those of Miles Davis and Fats Navarro instead, and it was not until Jon Faddis's emergence in the 1970s that Dizzy's style was successfully recreated [....] Arguably Gillespie is remembered, by both critics and fans alike, as one of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time".
Birth and Death Data: Born October 21st, 1917 (Cheraw), Died January 6th, 1993 (Englewood)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1937 - 1942
Roles Represented in DAHR: trumpet, leader, arranger
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||BS-010208||10-in.||5/17/1937||Yours and mine||Bill Dillard ; Teddy Hill NBC Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Victor||BS-010210||10-in.||5/17/1937||King Porter stomp||Teddy Hill NBC Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Victor||BS-010211||10-in.||5/17/1937||Blue rhythm fantasy||Teddy Hill NBC Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||70299||10-in.||2/9/1942||Mound bayou||Pete Brown and his Band||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||70300||10-in.||2/9/1942||Unlucky woman (Unlucky blues)||Pete Brown and his Band||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||70301||10-in.||2/9/1942||Gonna buy me a telephone||Pete Brown and his Band||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||70302||10-in.||2/9/1942||Cannon ball-1||Pete Brown and his Band||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||71243||10-in.||7/29/1942||Are you ready?||Lucky Millinder Orchestra||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||71244||10-in.||7/29/1942||Mason flyer||Lucky Millinder Orchestra||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||71245||10-in.||7/29/1942||When the lights go on again||Lucky Millinder Orchestra||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||71246||10-in.||7/29/1942||Little John special||Lucky Millinder Orchestra||instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Decca||L 3125||10-in.||7/24/1942||Down under-2||Woody Herman Orchestra||arranger|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Gillespie, Dizzy," accessed October 26, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102015.
Gillespie, Dizzy. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 26, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102015.
"Gillespie, Dizzy." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 26 October 2021.
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