Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (French: [ʃaʁl kamij sɛ̃ sɑ̃(s)]; 9 October 1835 – 16 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era. His best-known works include Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso (1863), the Second Piano Concerto (1868), the First Cello Concerto (1872), Danse macabre (1874), the opera Samson and Delilah (1877), the Third Violin Concerto (1880), the Third ("Organ") Symphony (1886) and The Carnival of the Animals (1886).
Saint-Saëns was a musical prodigy; he made his concert debut at the age of ten. After studying at the Paris Conservatoire he followed a conventional career as a church organist, first at Saint-Merri, Paris and, from 1858, La Madeleine, the official church of the French Empire. After leaving the post twenty years later, he was a successful freelance pianist and composer, in demand in Europe and the Americas.
As a young man, Saint-Saëns was enthusiastic for the most modern music of the day, particularly that of Schumann, Liszt and Wagner, although his own compositions were generally within a conventional classical tradition. He was a scholar of musical history, and remained committed to the structures worked out by earlier French composers. This brought him into conflict in his later years with composers of the impressionist and dodecaphonic schools of music; although there were neoclassical elements in his music, foreshadowing works by Stravinsky and Les Six, he was often regarded as a reactionary in the decades around the time of his death.
Saint-Saëns held only one teaching post, at the École de Musique Classique et Religieuse in Paris, and remained there for less than five years. It was nevertheless important in the development of French music: his students included Gabriel Fauré, among whose own later pupils was Maurice Ravel. Both of them were strongly influenced by Saint-Saëns, whom they revered as a genius.
Birth and Death Data: Born October 9th, 1835 (Paris), Died Algiers
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1902 - 1941
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger, piano
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 291 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix D-]2004||14-in.||1903||Selections from Samson and Delilah||Victor Grand Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-621||12-in.||11/2/1903||Mon coeur s'ouvre||Louise Homer||Contralto vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||A-1237||7-in.||4/20/1904||The king's song||Arthur Pryor's Band ; Walter Pryor ; Walter B. Rogers||Band, with cornet duet||composer|
|Victor||B-1237||10-in.||4/20/1904||The king's song||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band, with cornet duet||composer|
|Victor||B-1292||10-in.||5/7/1904||Mon coeur s'ouvre||Emma Juch||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-2976||12-in.||1/3/1906||Mein Herz||Ernestine Schumann-Heink||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-3027||10-in.||1/19/1906||Le cygne||Joseph Hollman||Cello solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-3230||12-in.||3/30/1906||My heart at thy sweet voice||Emil Keneke||Cornet solo, with band||composer|
|Victor||C-3409||12-in.||5/24/1906||Déjanire overture||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||BVE-3863||10-in.||5/31/1927||Mon coeur s'ouvre à ta voix||Louise Homer||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-3863||12-in.||10/9/1906||Mon coeur s'ouvre à ta voix||Louise Homer||Contralto vocal solo, with cello and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-4835||12-in.||9/25/1907||Le bonheur est chose légère||Ellen Beach Yaw||Soprano vocal solo, with violin and piano||composer|
|Victor||B-6000||10-in.||2/27/1908||My heart at thy sweet voice||Corinne Morgan||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-6227||10-in.||5/25/1908||Vengeance at last||Emilio de Gogorza ; Louise Homer||Vocal duet (contralto and baritone), with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-6446||12-in.||9/23/1908||Marche héroïque||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-6981||12-in.||4/12/1909||Mon coeur s'ouvre a ta voix||Jeanne Gerville||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-6982||12-in.||4/12/1909||Printemps qui commence||Jeanne Gerville||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-8295||12-in.||10/11/1909||Amour, viens aider||Louise Homer||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-8492||10-in.||12/17/1909||Figlia miei v'arrestate||Nicola Zerola||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-8811||12-in.||4/7/1910||Introduction and rondo capriccioso||Mischa Elman||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-9761||10-in.||1/5/1911||Marche héroïque||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-9774||10-in.||1/9/1911||Samson e Dalila aria||Guido Gialdini||Whistling solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-10230||12-in.||4/25/1911||La brise||Janet Spencer||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-11147||10-in.||10/28/1911||Le cygne||Maud Powell||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-11153||10-in.||10/30/1911||Arrêtez, oh mes frères||Charles Dalmorès||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Saint-Saëns, Camille," accessed October 21, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102051.
Saint-Saëns, Camille. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 21, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102051.
"Saint-Saëns, Camille." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 21 October 2020.
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