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Sergei Rachmaninoff

Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff (English: rahkh-MAH-nə-nawf, -⁠nof, rahk-; Russian: Серге́й Васи́льевич Рахма́нинов, tr. Sergei Vasilyevich Rakhmaninov, IPA: [sʲɪrˈɡʲej vɐˈsʲilʲjɪvʲɪt͡ɕ rɐxˈmanʲɪnəf]; 1 April [O.S. 20 March] 1873 – 28 March 1943) was a Russian composer, virtuoso pianist, and conductor of the late Romantic period. The influence of Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Balakirev, Mussorgsky, and other Russian composers is seen in his early works, later giving way to a personal style notable for song-like melodicism, expressiveness and rich orchestral colors.

Born into a musical family, Rachmaninoff took up the piano at the age of four. He graduated from the Moscow Conservatory in 1892, having already composed several piano and orchestral pieces. In 1897, following the negative critical reaction to his Symphony No. 1, Rachmaninoff entered a four-year depression and composed little until successful therapy allowed him to complete his enthusiastically received Piano Concerto No. 2 in 1901. In the course of the next sixteen years, Rachmaninoff conducted at the Bolshoi Theatre, relocated to Dresden, Germany, and toured the United States for the first time. Rachmaninoff often featured the piano in his compositions, and he explored the expressive possibilities of the instrument through his own skills as a pianist.

Following the Russian Revolution, Rachmaninoff and his family left Russia; in 1918, they settled in the United States, first in New York City. With his main source of income coming from piano and conducting performances, demanding tour schedules led to a reduction in his time for composition; between 1918 and 1943, he completed just six works, including Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, Symphony No. 3, and Symphonic Dances. By 1942, his failing health led to his relocation to Beverly Hills, California. One month before his death from advanced melanoma, Rachmaninoff was granted American citizenship.

Birth and Death Data: Born April 1st, 1873 (Starorussky Uyezd), Died Beverly Hills

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1908 - 1946

Roles Represented in DAHR: piano, composer, arranger, conductor

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 280 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-10322 10-in. 5/12/1911 Prelude in C sharp minor Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor B-10652 10-in. 6/28/1911 Prelude in C sharp minor Charles Gilbert Spross Piano solo composer  
Victor B-10987 10-in. 9/19/1911 Lilacs Emilio de Gogorza Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-15958 12-in. 4/26/1915 Prelude in C sharp minor Julius L. Schendel Piano solo composer  
Victor CVE-15958 12-in. 11/11/1926 Prelude in C sharp minor Julius L. Schendel Piano solo composer  
Victor C-16018 12-in. 5/10/1915 Romance Samuel Gardner Violin solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-17302 10-in. 3/14/1916 Wenn Nacht mich hullt und Schweigen, op. 4, no. 3 Nina Dimitrieff Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra instrumentalist, piano  
Victor C-18976 12-in. 1/10/1917 Prelude in C sharp minor, op. 3, no. 2 Victor Concert Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-23706 12-in. 1/28/1920 Prelude in C sharp minor, op. 3, no. 2 Alfred Cortot Piano solo composer  
Victor B-23905 10-in. 4/2/1920 When night descends John McCormack Tenor vocal solo, with violin and piano composer  
Victor B-23906 10-in. 4/2/1920 O cease thy singing, maiden fair John McCormack Tenor vocal solo, with violin and piano composer  
Victor B-23956 10-in. 4/26/1920 Menuet Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano  
Victor B-23961 10-in. 4/26/1920 F major sonata : Presto Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano  
Victor C-23962 12-in. 4/26/1920 Valse in B minor Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano  
Victor B-23962 10-in. 5/3/1920 Waltz in B minor, op. 69, no. 2 Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano  
Victor B-23963 10-in. 5/3/1920 Waltz and elfin dance, op. 12, nos. 2 and 4 Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano  
Victor B-23964 10-in. 5/3/1920 Etude G flat major, op. 10 no. 5 (Black keys) Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano  
Victor B-23982 10-in. 5/3/1920 Etude in G flat major, op. 10 no. 5 (Black keys) Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano  
Victor C-23983 12-in. 5/3/1920 Troika en traineaux, op. 37, no. 11 Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano  
Victor CVE-23983 12-in. 3/21/1928 Troika en traineaux, op. 37, no. 11 Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano  
Victor C-23984 12-in. 5/3/1920 Prelude in G minor, op. 23, no. 5 Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano, composer  
Victor C-23985 12-in. 5/3/1920 Prelude in G major, op. 32, no. 5 Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano, composer  
Victor C-23986 12-in. 5/3/1920 La campanella Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano  
Victor B-24116 10-in. 5/17/1920 Etude in F minor Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano  
Victor B-24117 10-in. 5/17/1920 Rondo capriccioso Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo instrumentalist, piano  
(Results 1-25 of 280 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Rachmaninoff, Sergei," accessed August 3, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102117.

Rachmaninoff, Sergei. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved August 3, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102117.

"Rachmaninoff, Sergei." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 3 August 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102117

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