Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff (English: rahkh-MAH-nə-nawf, -nof, rahk-; Russian: Серге́й Васи́льевич Рахма́нинов, tr. Sergei Vasilyevich Rakhmaninov, IPA: [sʲɪrˈɡʲej vɐˈsʲilʲjɪvʲɪt͡ɕ rɐxˈmanʲɪnəf]; 1 April [O.S. 20 March] 1873 – 28 March 1943) was a Russian composer, virtuoso pianist, and conductor of the late Romantic period. The influence of Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Balakirev, Mussorgsky, and other Russian composers is seen in his early works, later giving way to a personal style notable for song-like melodicism, expressiveness and rich orchestral colors.
Born into a musical family, Rachmaninoff took up the piano at the age of four. He graduated from the Moscow Conservatory in 1892, having already composed several piano and orchestral pieces. In 1897, following the negative critical reaction to his Symphony No. 1, Rachmaninoff entered a four-year depression and composed little until successful therapy allowed him to complete his enthusiastically received Piano Concerto No. 2 in 1901. In the course of the next sixteen years, Rachmaninoff conducted at the Bolshoi Theatre, relocated to Dresden, Germany, and toured the United States for the first time. Rachmaninoff often featured the piano in his compositions, and he explored the expressive possibilities of the instrument through his own skills as a pianist.
Following the Russian Revolution, Rachmaninoff and his family left Russia; in 1918, they settled in the United States, first in New York City. With his main source of income coming from piano and conducting performances, demanding tour schedules led to a reduction in his time for composition; between 1918 and 1943, he completed just six works, including Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, Symphony No. 3, and Symphonic Dances. By 1942, his failing health led to his relocation to Beverly Hills, California. One month before his death from advanced melanoma, Rachmaninoff was granted American citizenship.
Birth and Death Data: Born April 1st, 1873 (Starorussky Uyezd), Died Beverly Hills
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1908 - 1946
Roles Represented in DAHR: piano, composer, arranger, conductor
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 280 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-10322||10-in.||5/12/1911||Prelude in C sharp minor||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-10652||10-in.||6/28/1911||Prelude in C sharp minor||Charles Gilbert Spross||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||B-10987||10-in.||9/19/1911||Lilacs||Emilio de Gogorza||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-15958||12-in.||4/26/1915||Prelude in C sharp minor||Julius L. Schendel||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||CVE-15958||12-in.||11/11/1926||Prelude in C sharp minor||Julius L. Schendel||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||C-16018||12-in.||5/10/1915||Romance||Samuel Gardner||Violin solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-17302||10-in.||3/14/1916||Wenn Nacht mich hullt und Schweigen, op. 4, no. 3||Nina Dimitrieff||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||C-18976||12-in.||1/10/1917||Prelude in C sharp minor, op. 3, no. 2||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-23706||12-in.||1/28/1920||Prelude in C sharp minor, op. 3, no. 2||Alfred Cortot||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||B-23905||10-in.||4/2/1920||When night descends||John McCormack||Tenor vocal solo, with violin and piano||composer|
|Victor||B-23906||10-in.||4/2/1920||O cease thy singing, maiden fair||John McCormack||Tenor vocal solo, with violin and piano||composer|
|Victor||B-23956||10-in.||4/26/1920||Menuet||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||B-23961||10-in.||4/26/1920||F major sonata : Presto||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||C-23962||12-in.||4/26/1920||Valse in B minor||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||B-23962||10-in.||5/3/1920||Waltz in B minor, op. 69, no. 2||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||B-23963||10-in.||5/3/1920||Waltz and elfin dance, op. 12, nos. 2 and 4||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||B-23964||10-in.||5/3/1920||Etude G flat major, op. 10 no. 5 (Black keys)||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||B-23982||10-in.||5/3/1920||Etude in G flat major, op. 10 no. 5 (Black keys)||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||C-23983||12-in.||5/3/1920||Troika en traineaux, op. 37, no. 11||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||CVE-23983||12-in.||3/21/1928||Troika en traineaux, op. 37, no. 11||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||C-23984||12-in.||5/3/1920||Prelude in G minor, op. 23, no. 5||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano, composer|
|Victor||C-23985||12-in.||5/3/1920||Prelude in G major, op. 32, no. 5||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano, composer|
|Victor||C-23986||12-in.||5/3/1920||La campanella||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||B-24116||10-in.||5/17/1920||Etude in F minor||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||B-24117||10-in.||5/17/1920||Rondo capriccioso||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Rachmaninoff, Sergei," accessed August 3, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102117.
Rachmaninoff, Sergei. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved August 3, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102117.
"Rachmaninoff, Sergei." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 3 August 2020.
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