William Shakespeare (bapt. 26 April 1564 – 23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's greatest dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "the Bard"). His extant works, including collaborations, consist of some 39 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.
Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith. Sometime between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men. At age 49 (around 1613), he appears to have retired to Stratford, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive; this has stimulated considerable speculation about such matters as his physical appearance, his sexuality, his religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.
Shakespeare produced most of his known works between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were primarily comedies and histories and are regarded as some of the best work produced in these genres. Until about 1608, he wrote mainly tragedies, among them Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, all considered to be among the finest works in the English language. In the last phase of his life, he wrote tragicomedies (also known as romances) and collaborated with other playwrights. Many of Shakespeare's plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy in his lifetime. However, in 1623, two fellow actors and friends of Shakespeare's, John Heminges and Henry Condell, published a more definitive text known as the First Folio, a posthumous collected edition of Shakespeare's dramatic works that included all but two of his plays. The volume was prefaced with a poem by Ben Jonson, in which Jonson presciently hails Shakespeare in a now-famous quote as "not of an age, but for all time".
Throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, Shakespeare's works have been continually adapted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. His plays remain popular and are studied, performed, and reinterpreted through various cultural and political contexts around the world.
Birth and Death Data: Born April 1st, 1564 (Stratford-upon-Avon), Died May 3rd, 1616 (Stratford-upon-Avon)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1894 - 1940
Roles Represented in DAHR: author
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 183 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Berliner||319||7-in.||Before Apr. 1899||Lo hear the gentle lark||George McNeice ; August P. Stengler||Clarinet duet||author|
|Berliner||602||7-in.||Before 1895||Marc Anthony's curse||David C. Bangs||Recitation||author|
|Berliner||616||7-in.||Before May 1895||Soliloquy||David C. Bangs||Recitation||author|
|Berliner||753||7-in.||Before 1895||I know a bank||Vocalist(s) (unidentified; Berliner Gramophone Co.)||Vocal duet||author|
|Berliner||5015||7-in.||Before Apr. 1899||Viola's speech (Act 1, scene 5) [from Twelfth night]||Ada Rehan||Dramatic recitation||author|
|Berliner||5016||7-in.||Before Apr. 1899||Epilogue [from The country girl]||Ada Rehan||Dramatic recitation||author|
|Berliner||0798||7-in.||Dec. 1899||Soliloquy||William F. Hooley||Recitation||author|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]938||7-in.||9/7/1901||All the world's a stage||D. E. Hanlon||Recitation||author|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]938||10-in.||9/7/1901||All the world's a stage||D. E. Hanlon||Recitation||author|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]3540||10-in.||9/7/1901||All the world's a stage||D. E. Hanlon||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-783||10-in.||12/4/1903||The ghost scene||Edward Brigham||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-2316||12-in.||2/20/1905||Who is Sylvia?||Emma Eames||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||E-3478||8-in.||6/15/1906||Seven ages||Edgar L. Davenport||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-9988||10-in.||2/21/1911||Mercy speech : Act IV||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-9989||12-in.||2/21/1911||Potion scene : Act 4, scene 3||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-9990||10-in.||2/21/1911||I have brought Claudio : Act II, scene I||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-9991||12-in.||2/21/1911||Ophelia's mad scene, part 1||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-9992||12-in.||2/21/1911||Ophelia's mad scene, part 2||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-9993||10-in.||2/21/1911||Mamilius, Hermione, and ladies||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-10017||10-in.||2/28/1911||Death of Falstaff : Act 2, scene 3||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-10035||10-in.||3/8/1911||Who is Sylvia?||John Barnes Wells||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||B-10721||10-in.||7/13/1911||Hamlet's soliloquy||Frank Burbeck||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-10722||12-in.||7/13/1911||Antony's address over the body of Caesar||Frank Burbeck||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-10723||12-in.||7/13/1911||Antony's address over the body of Caesar||Frank Burbeck||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-10724||12-in.||7/13/1911||Brutus's address over the body of Caesar||Frank Burbeck||Recitation||author|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Shakespeare, William," accessed January 22, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102258.
Shakespeare, William. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 22, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102258.
"Shakespeare, William." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 22 January 2021.
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