William Shakespeare (bapt. 26 April 1564 – 23 April 1616) was an English playwright, poet and actor. He is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "the Bard"). His extant works, including collaborations, consist of some 39 plays, 154 sonnets, three long narrative poems, and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright. Shakespeare remains arguably the most influential writer in the English language, and his works continue to be studied and reinterpreted.
Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Sometime between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men. At age 49 (around 1613), he appears to have retired to Stratford, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive; this has stimulated considerable speculation about such matters as his physical appearance, his sexuality, his religious beliefs and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.
Shakespeare produced most of his known works between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were primarily comedies and histories and are regarded as some of the best works produced in these genres. He then wrote mainly tragedies until 1608, among them Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, all considered to be among the finest works in the English language. In the last phase of his life, he wrote tragicomedies (also known as romances) and collaborated with other playwrights.
Many of Shakespeare's plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy in his lifetime. However, in 1623, John Heminges and Henry Condell, two fellow actors and friends of Shakespeare's, published a more definitive text known as the First Folio, a posthumous collected edition of Shakespeare's dramatic works that included 36 of his plays. Its Preface was a prescient poem by Ben Jonson, a former rival of Shakespeare, that hailed Shakespeare with the now famous epithet: "not of an age, but for all time".
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 195 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Berliner||319||7-in.||Before Apr. 1899||Lo hear the gentle lark||George McNeice ; August P. Stengler||Clarinet duet||author|
|Berliner||602||7-in.||Before 1895||Marc Anthony's curse||David C. Bangs||Recitation||author|
|Berliner||616||7-in.||Before May 1895||Soliloquy||David C. Bangs||Recitation||author|
|Berliner||753||7-in.||Before 1895||I know a bank||Vocalist(s) (unidentified; Berliner Gramophone Co.)||Vocal duet||author|
|Berliner||5015||7-in.||before May 14, 1898||Viola's speech (Act 1, scene 5) [from Twelfth night]||Ada Rehan||Dramatic recitation||author|
|Berliner||5016||7-in.||before May 18, 1898||Epilogue [from The country girl]||Ada Rehan||Dramatic recitation||author|
|Berliner||0798||7-in.||Dec. 1899||Soliloquy||William F. Hooley||Recitation||author|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]938||10-in.||9/7/1901||All the world's a stage||D. E. Hanlon||Recitation||author|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]938||7-in.||9/7/1901||All the world's a stage||D. E. Hanlon||Recitation||author|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]3540||10-in.||9/7/1901||All the world's a stage||D. E. Hanlon||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-783||10-in.||12/4/1903||The ghost scene||Edward Brigham||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-2316||12-in.||2/20/1905||Who is Sylvia?||Emma Eames||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||E-3478||8-in.||6/15/1906||Seven ages||Edgar L. Davenport||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-9988||10-in.||2/21/1911||Mercy speech : Act IV||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-9989||12-in.||2/21/1911||Potion scene : Act 4, scene 3||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-9990||10-in.||2/21/1911||I have brought Claudio : Act II, scene I||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-9991||12-in.||2/21/1911||Ophelia's mad scene, part 1||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-9992||12-in.||2/21/1911||Ophelia's mad scene, part 2||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-9993||10-in.||2/21/1911||Mamilius, Hermione, and ladies||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-10017||10-in.||2/28/1911||Death of Falstaff : Act 2, scene 3||Ellen Terry||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-10035||10-in.||3/8/1911||Who is Sylvia?||John Barnes Wells||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||B-10721||10-in.||7/13/1911||Hamlet's soliloquy||Frank Burbeck||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-10722||12-in.||7/13/1911||Antony's address over the body of Caesar||Frank Burbeck||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-10723||12-in.||7/13/1911||Antony's address over the body of Caesar||Frank Burbeck||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-10724||12-in.||7/13/1911||Brutus's address over the body of Caesar||Frank Burbeck||Recitation||author|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Shakespeare, William," accessed December 11, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102258.
Shakespeare, William. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 11, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102258.
"Shakespeare, William." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 11 December 2023.
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