Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (, also US: GURT-ə, GAYT-ə, -ee; German: [ˈjoːhan ˈvɔlfɡaŋ fɔn ˈɡøːtə] (listen); 28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman. His works include: four novels; epic and lyric poetry; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; and treatises on botany, anatomy, and colour. In addition, numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters, and nearly 3,000 drawings by him have survived. He is considered the greatest German literary figure of the modern era.
A literary celebrity by the age of 25, Goethe was ennobled by the Duke of Saxe-Weimar, Karl August, in 1782 after taking up residence in Weimar in November 1775 following the success of his first novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774). He was an early participant in the Sturm und Drang literary movement. During his first ten years in Weimar, Goethe became a member of the Duke's privy council, sat on the war and highway commissions, oversaw the reopening of silver mines in nearby Ilmenau, and implemented a series of administrative reforms at the University of Jena. He also contributed to the planning of Weimar's botanical park and the rebuilding of its Ducal Palace.
Goethe's first major scientific work, the Metamorphosis of Plants, was published after he returned from a 1788 tour of Italy. In 1791 he was made managing director of the theatre at Weimar, and in 1794 he began a friendship with the dramatist, historian, and philosopher Friedrich Schiller, whose plays he premiered until Schiller's death in 1805. During this period Goethe published his second novel, Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship; the verse epic Hermann and Dorothea, and, in 1808, the first part of his most celebrated drama, Faust. His conversations and various shared undertakings throughout the 1790s with Schiller, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Johann Gottfried Herder, Alexander von Humboldt, Wilhelm von Humboldt, and August and Friedrich Schlegel have come to be collectively termed Weimar Classicism.
The German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer named Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship one of the four greatest novels ever written, while the American philosopher and essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson selected Goethe as one of six "representative men" in his work of the same name (along with Plato, Emanuel Swedenborg, Montaigne, Napoleon, and Shakespeare). Goethe's comments and observations form the basis of several biographical works, notably Johann Peter Eckermann's Conversations with Goethe (1836).
Birth and Death Data: Born August 28th, 1749 (Frankfurt am Main), Died Weimar
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1903 - 1938
Roles Represented in DAHR: author
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 35 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-11091||10-in.||10/13/1911||Hedge roses||Evan Williams||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||C-11339||12-in.||12/7/1911||Erlkönig||Ernestine Schumann-Heink||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||B-14536||10-in.||3/4/1914||Heidenröslein||Julia Culp||Contralto vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||B-17497||10-in.||4/14/1916||Die Bekehrte||Ema Destinnová||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||C-17497||12-in.||4/14/1916||Die Bekehrte||Ema Destinnová||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||C-17744||12-in.||5/25/1916||Haidenröslein||Johanna Gadski||Soprano vocal solo, with string quartet||author|
|Victor||B-18502||10-in.||9/26/1916||Canzonetta||Alma Gluck||Soprano vocal solo, with harp and orchestra||author|
|Victor||B-24134||10-in.||5/18/1920||Damon||Lucy Isabelle Marsh||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||B-25766||10-in.||11/17/1921||Canzonetta||Hulda Lashanska||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||CVE-37379||12-in.||1/27/1927||Erlkönig||Maria Jeritza||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||CVE-37851||12-in.||3/15/1927||Song of the flea||Fyodor Ivanovich Chaliapin||Bass vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||CVE-49214||12-in.||11/28/1928||Hark! Hark! The lark||John McCormack||Tenor vocal solo, with vocal quartet and orchestra||author|
|Victor||BVE-59786||10-in.||5/12/1930||None but the lonely heart||Hulda Lashanska||Female vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||CS-74655||12-in.||12/8/1932||Song of the flea||Lawrence Tibbett||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||CS-75707||12-in.||3/28/1933||Song of the flea||Lawrence Tibbett||Tenor vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||BS-0985||10-in.||10/16/1936||Soldiers' chorus||Betty Martin ; Lambert Murphy||Female-male vocal duet, with piano||author|
|Victor||BS-022941||10-in.||4/28/1938||None but the lonely heart||Igor Gorin ; Wilfrid Pelletier||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Columbia||1159||7-in.||ca. 1903-Oct. 1905||Das Heidenröslein||Emil Muench||Tenor vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Columbia||1159||10-in.||ca. 1903||Das Heidenröslein||Emil Muench||Tenor vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Columbia||38365||10-in.||10/24/1912||Heidenröslein||Emmy Singer||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Columbia||38601||10-in.||1/27/1913||Heidenröslein||New York Liederkranz||Male vocal chorus, unaccompanied||author|
|Columbia||30483||12-in.||ca. Jan.-Nov. 12, 1910||Damon||Lillian Nordica||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Columbia||30658||12-in.||ca. 1911-1915||The Erlkönig||Lillian Nordica||Soprano vocal solo||author|
|Columbia||30662||12-in.||2/3/1911||Die Bekehrte||Lillian Nordica||Soprano vocal solo||author|
|Columbia||36355||12-in.||4/8/1912||Hedge roses||David Scull Bispham||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von," accessed October 29, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102274.
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 29, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102274.
"Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 29 October 2020.
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