Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe (; born Edgar Poe; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, poet, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre. He is widely regarded as a central figure of Romanticism in the United States and of American literature as a whole, and he was one of the country's earliest practitioners of the short story. He is also generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre and is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction. Poe was the first well-known American writer to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.
Poe was born in Boston, the second child of actors David and Elizabeth "Eliza" Poe. His father abandoned the family in 1810, and his mother died the following year. Thus orphaned, the child was taken in by John and Frances Allan of Richmond, Virginia. They never formally adopted him, but he was with them well into young adulthood. Tension developed later as Poe and John Allan repeatedly clashed over debts, including those incurred by gambling, and the cost of Poe's education. Poe attended the University of Virginia but left after a year due to lack of money. He quarreled with Allan over the funds for his education and enlisted in the United States Army in 1827 under an assumed name. It was at this time that his publishing career began with the anonymous collection Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827), credited only to "a Bostonian". Poe and Allan reached a temporary rapprochement after the death of Allan's wife in 1829. Poe later failed as an officer cadet at West Point, declaring a firm wish to be a poet and writer, and he ultimately parted ways with Allan.
Poe switched his focus to prose and spent the next several years working for literary journals and periodicals, becoming known for his own style of literary criticism. His work forced him to move among several cities, including Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York City. He married his 13-year-old cousin, Virginia Clemm, in 1836, but Virginia died of tuberculosis in 1847. In January 1845, Poe published his poem "The Raven" to instant success. He planned for years to produce his own journal The Penn (later renamed The Stylus), but before it could be produced, he died in Baltimore on October 7, 1849, at age 40. The cause of his death is unknown and has been variously attributed to disease, alcoholism, substance abuse, suicide, and other causes.
Poe and his works influenced literature around the world, as well as specialized fields such as cosmology and cryptography. He and his work appear throughout popular culture in literature, music, films, and television. A number of his homes are dedicated museums today. The Mystery Writers of America present an annual award known as the Edgar Award for distinguished work in the mystery genre.
Birth and Death Data: Born January 19th, 1809 (Boston), Died Baltimore
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1907 - 1954
Roles Represented in DAHR: author
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 30 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-10424||10-in.||5/20/1911||Las campanas||Pedro B. Vinart||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-10425||10-in.||5/20/1911||Las campanas||Pedro B. Vinart||Recitation||author|
|Victor||B-10705||10-in.||7/11/1911||Abou ben Adhem||Frank Burbeck||Recitation||author|
|Victor||C-13391||12-in.||6/5/1913||The raven||Percy Hemus||Male vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||C-13392||12-in.||6/5/1913||The raven||Percy Hemus||Male vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||BVE-47847||10-in.||10/18/1928||Annabelle Lee||William S. Hart||Recitation||author|
|Victor||BS-69483||10-in.||12/10/1932||The raven||Benjamin De Loache ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Dubbed recording from film : Recitation, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||BS-69484||10-in.||12/10/1932||The raven||Benjamin De Loache ; Philadelphia Orchestra||Dubbed recording from film : Recitation, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||BS-69485||10-in.||12/10/1932||The raven||Benjamin De Loache ; Philadelphia Orchestra||Dubbed recording from film : Recitation, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||BS-69486||10-in.||12/10/1932||The raven||Benjamin De Loache ; Philadelphia Orchestra||Dubbed recording from film : Recitation, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||CS-74704||12-in.||12/16/1932||A kingdom by the sea||Lawrence Tibbett||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||FRC-74825||35mm film||12/9/1932||Dirge [from Indian suite]||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra, with recitation||author|
|Victor||FRC-74826||35mm film||12/9/1932||The raven||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra, with recitation||author|
|Victor||FRC-74832||35mm film||12/10/1932||Dirge [from Indian suite]||Benjamin De Loache ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra, with recitation||author|
|Victor||FRC-74833||35mm film||12/10/1932||The raven||Benjamin De Loache ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra, with recitation||author|
|Columbia||30171B||12-in.||ca. 1908||The raven||Male vocalist (unidentified; Columbia Records)||Recitation||author|
|Columbia||30239||12-in.||ca. Jan.-Aug. 1909||Israfel||Albert Edmund Brown||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Edison||5243||10-in.||12/28/1916||Israfel||Arthur Blight||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Edison||6810||10-in.||5/28/1919||Israfel||Thomas Chalmers||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Gramophone||9835b||10-in.||1907||The bells||James Fleming||Recitation||author|
|Gramophone||9837b||10-in.||1907||The bells||James Fleming||Recitation||author|
|Decca||104456||5/3/1954||The tell-tale heart||James Mason||author|
|Decca||104457||5/3/1954||Annabel Lee||James Mason||author|
|Decca||L 4100||2/21/1946||The Cask of Amontillado: Part 1||Sidney Greenstreet||author|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Poe, Edgar Allan," accessed October 31, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102315.
Poe, Edgar Allan. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 31, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102315.
"Poe, Edgar Allan." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 31 October 2020.
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