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Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe (; born Edgar Poe; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, poet, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre. He is widely regarded as a central figure of Romanticism in the United States and of American literature as a whole, and he was one of the country's earliest practitioners of the short story. He is also generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre and is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction. Poe was the first well-known American writer to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.

Poe was born in Boston, the second child of actors David and Elizabeth "Eliza" Poe. His father abandoned the family in 1810, and his mother died the following year. Thus orphaned, the child was taken in by John and Frances Allan of Richmond, Virginia. They never formally adopted him, but he was with them well into young adulthood. Tension developed later as Poe and John Allan repeatedly clashed over debts, including those incurred by gambling, and the cost of Poe's education. Poe attended the University of Virginia but left after a year due to lack of money. He quarreled with Allan over the funds for his education and enlisted in the United States Army in 1827 under an assumed name. It was at this time that his publishing career began with the anonymous collection Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827), credited only to "a Bostonian". Poe and Allan reached a temporary rapprochement after the death of Allan's wife in 1829. Poe later failed as an officer cadet at West Point, declaring a firm wish to be a poet and writer, and he ultimately parted ways with Allan.

Poe switched his focus to prose and spent the next several years working for literary journals and periodicals, becoming known for his own style of literary criticism. His work forced him to move among several cities, including Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York City. He married his 13-year-old cousin, Virginia Clemm, in 1836, but Virginia died of tuberculosis in 1847. In January 1845, Poe published his poem "The Raven" to instant success. He planned for years to produce his own journal The Penn (later renamed The Stylus), but before it could be produced, he died in Baltimore on October 7, 1849, at age 40. The cause of his death is unknown and has been variously attributed to disease, alcoholism, substance abuse, suicide, and other causes.

Poe and his works influenced literature around the world, as well as specialized fields such as cosmology and cryptography. He and his work appear throughout popular culture in literature, music, films, and television. A number of his homes are dedicated museums today. The Mystery Writers of America present an annual award known as the Edgar Award for distinguished work in the mystery genre.

Birth and Death Data: Born January 19th, 1809 (Boston), Died Baltimore

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1907 - 1954

Roles Represented in DAHR: author

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 30 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-10424 10-in. 5/20/1911 Las campanas Pedro B. Vinart Recitation author  
Victor B-10425 10-in. 5/20/1911 Las campanas Pedro B. Vinart Recitation author  
Victor B-10705 10-in. 7/11/1911 Abou ben Adhem Frank Burbeck Recitation author  
Victor C-13391 12-in. 6/5/1913 The raven Percy Hemus Male vocal solo, with piano author  
Victor C-13392 12-in. 6/5/1913 The raven Percy Hemus Male vocal solo, with piano author  
Victor BVE-47847 10-in. 10/18/1928 Annabelle Lee William S. Hart Recitation author  
Victor BS-69483 10-in. 12/10/1932 The raven Benjamin De Loache ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Dubbed recording from film : Recitation, with orchestra author  
Victor BS-69484 10-in. 12/10/1932 The raven Benjamin De Loache ; Philadelphia Orchestra Dubbed recording from film : Recitation, with orchestra author  
Victor BS-69485 10-in. 12/10/1932 The raven Benjamin De Loache ; Philadelphia Orchestra Dubbed recording from film : Recitation, with orchestra author  
Victor BS-69486 10-in. 12/10/1932 The raven Benjamin De Loache ; Philadelphia Orchestra Dubbed recording from film : Recitation, with orchestra author  
Victor CS-74704 12-in. 12/16/1932 A kingdom by the sea Lawrence Tibbett Baritone vocal solo, with piano author  
Victor FRC-74825 35mm film 12/9/1932 Dirge [from Indian suite] Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra, with recitation author  
Victor FRC-74826 35mm film 12/9/1932 The raven Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra, with recitation author  
Victor FRC-74832 35mm film 12/10/1932 Dirge [from Indian suite] Benjamin De Loache ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra, with recitation author  
Victor FRC-74833 35mm film 12/10/1932 The raven Benjamin De Loache ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra, with recitation author  
Columbia 30171B 12-in. ca. 1908 The raven Male vocalist (unidentified; Columbia Records) Recitation author  
Columbia 30239 12-in. ca. Jan.-Aug. 1909 Israfel Albert Edmund Brown Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra author  
Edison 5243 10-in. 12/28/1916 Israfel Arthur Blight Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra author  
Edison 6810 10-in. 5/28/1919 Israfel Thomas Chalmers Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra author  
Gramophone 9835b 10-in. 1907 The bells James Fleming Recitation author  
Gramophone 9837b 10-in. 1907 The bells James Fleming Recitation author  
Decca 104456 5/3/1954 The tell-tale heart James Mason author  
Decca 104457 5/3/1954 Annabel Lee James Mason author  
Decca 104458 5/3/1954 Silence James Mason author  
Decca L 4100 2/21/1946 The Cask of Amontillado: Part 1 Sidney Greenstreet author  
(Results 1-25 of 30 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Poe, Edgar Allan," accessed October 31, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102315.

Poe, Edgar Allan. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 31, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102315.

"Poe, Edgar Allan." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 31 October 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102315

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