George Gershwin (; born Jacob Bruskin Gershowitz, September 26, 1898 – July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist whose compositions spanned both popular and classical genres. Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928), the songs Swanee (1919) and Fascinating Rhythm (1924), the jazz standard I Got Rhythm (1930), and the opera Porgy and Bess (1935) which spawned the hit Summertime.
Gershwin studied piano under Charles Hambitzer and composition with Rubin Goldmark, Henry Cowell, and Joseph Brody. He began his career as a song plugger but soon started composing Broadway theater works with his brother Ira Gershwin and with Buddy DeSylva. He moved to Paris intending to study with Nadia Boulanger, but she refused him. He subsequently composed An American in Paris, returned to New York City and wrote Porgy and Bess with Ira and DuBose Heyward. Initially a commercial failure, it came to be considered one of the most important American operas of the twentieth century and an American cultural classic.
Gershwin moved to Hollywood and composed numerous film scores. He died in 1937 of a malignant brain tumor. His compositions have been adapted for use in film and television, with several becoming jazz standards recorded and covered in many variations.
Birth and Death Data: Born September 26th, 1898 (Brooklyn), Died Hollywood
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1919 - 1951
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, piano, session supervisor, celeste, conductor
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 439 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||CVE-30174||12-in.||4/21/1927||Rhapsody in blue||George Gershwin ; Paul Whiteman Concert Orchestra||Orchestra and piano soloist||composer, instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||C-22749||12-in.||4/23/1919||Somebody's sweetheart and good morning, Judge||Joseph C. Smith's Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||B-23645||10-in.||1/26/1920||Swanee||All Star Trio||Instrumental trio||composer|
|Victor||C-23885||12-in.||4/6/1920||Nobody but you||Palace Trio||Instrumental trio||composer|
|Victor||B-24084||10-in.||6/15/1920||Scandal walk||Van Eps Quartet||Instrumental quartet||composer|
|Victor||B-24141||10-in.||5/21/1920||Waiting for the sun to come out||Lambert Murphy||Male vocal solo, with violin duet and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-24159||10-in.||6/9/1920||Swanee||Peerless Quartet||Male vocal quartet, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-24488||10-in.||9/22/1920||The sweetheart shop||Roy Bargy ; Benson Orchestra of Chicago||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||B-25476||10-in.||8/30/1921||South Sea isles||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||B-25595||10-in.||10/11/1921||Drifting along with the tide||Lambert Murphy||Male vocal solo, with 2 violins, oboe, and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-25674||10-in.||10/27/1921||When Buddha smiles||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||B-26247||10-in.||3/15/1922||Do it again!||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||B-26607||10-in.||6/2/1922||The Yankee Doodle blues||Virginians||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||B-26748||10-in.||9/1/1922||I'll build a stairway to paradise||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||B-26749||10-in.||9/1/1922||I found a four-leaf clover||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||B-26885||10-in.||9/19/1922||The Yankee Doodle blues||Billy Murray ; Ed Smalle||Male vocal duet, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-27451||10-in.||2/2/1923||That American boy of mine||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||B-28310||10-in.||7/24/1923||The life of a rose||Charles Dornberger Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||B-28912||10-in.||11/5/1923||I won't say I will (But I won't say I won't)||Irene Bordoni||Female vocal solo, with piano and violin||composer|
|Victor||B-30075||10-in.||5/12/1924||Virginia||Pennsylvanians ; Fred Waring||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||C-30173||12-in.||6/10/1924||Rhapsody in blue||George Gershwin ; Paul Whiteman Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer, instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||CVE-30173||12-in.||4/21/1927||Rhapsody in blue||George Gershwin ; Paul Whiteman Concert Orchestra||Orchestra and piano soloist||composer, instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||C-30174||12-in.||6/10/1924||Rhapsody in blue||George Gershwin ; Paul Whiteman Concert Orchestra||Orchestra and piano soloist||composer, instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||B-30380||10-in.||7/11/1924||Somebody loves me||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||B-30700||10-in.||8/19/1924||Somebody loves me||Aileen Stanley||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Gershwin, George," accessed October 27, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102427.
Gershwin, George. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 27, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102427.
"Gershwin, George." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 27 October 2020.
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