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Charles Gounod

Charles-François Gounod (; French: [ʃaʁl fʁɑ̃swa ɡuno]; 17 June 1818 – 18 October 1893), usually known as Charles Gounod, was a French composer. He wrote twelve operas, of which the most popular has always been Faust (1859); his Roméo et Juliette (1867) also remains in the international repertory. He composed a large amount of church music, many songs, and popular short pieces including his Ave Maria (an elaboration of a Bach piece), and Funeral March of a Marionette.

Born in Paris into an artistic and musical family Gounod was a student at the Conservatoire de Paris and won France's most prestigious musical prize, the Prix de Rome. His studies took him to Italy, Austria and then Prussia, where he met Felix Mendelssohn, whose advocacy of the music of Bach was an early influence on him. He was deeply religious, and after his return to Paris, he briefly considered becoming a priest. He composed prolifically, writing church music, songs, orchestral music and operas.

Gounod's career was disrupted by the Franco-Prussian War. He moved to England with his family for refuge from the Prussian advance on Paris in 1870. After peace was restored in 1871 his family returned to Paris but he remained in London, living in the house of an amateur singer, Georgina Weldon, who became the controlling figure in his life. After nearly three years he broke away from her and returned to his family in France. His absence, and the appearance of younger French composers, meant that he was no longer at the forefront of French musical life; although he remained a respected figure he was regarded as old-fashioned during his later years, and operatic success eluded him. He died at his house in Saint-Cloud, near Paris at the age of 75.

Few of Gounod's works remain in the regular international repertoire, but his influence on later French composers was considerable. In his music there is a strand of romantic sentiment that is continued in the operas of Jules Massenet and others; there is also a strand of classical restraint and elegance that influenced Gabriel Fauré. Claude Debussy wrote that Gounod represented the essential French sensibility of his time.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 17th, 1818, Died Saint-Cloud

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1896 - 1945

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 887 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Berliner 561 7-in. 12/4/1896 Flower song Maud Foster Contralto vocal solo composer  
Berliner 1917 7-in. Nov. 1898 Ave Maria W. D. McFarland Tenor vocal solo composer  
Berliner 3666 7-in. Mar. 1898-Mar. 1899 Berceuse Virginia Powell Goodwin Female vocal solo composer  
Berliner 3677 7-in. Before Apr. 1899 Flower song Estella Louise Mann Soprano vocal solo composer  
Berliner 3904 7-in. 11/3/1897 Gounod's serenade Jean Moeremans Saxophone solo composer  
Berliner 0638 7-in. 10/20/1899 Nazareth J. J. Fisher Male vocal solo composer  
Berliner 0729 7-in. Before Dec. 1899 Gloria in excelsis Organist(s) (unidentified; Berliner Gramophone Co.) Organ solo composer  
Berliner 0971 7-in. 2/16/1900 Ave Maria Charles D'Almaine Violin solo composer  
Berliner 01011 7-in. Feb. 1900 Dio possente E. Francisco [i.e., Emilio de Gorgorza] Baritone vocal solo composer  
Berliner 01012 7-in. Feb. 1900 Dio d'or E. Francisco [i.e., Emilio de Gorgorza] Baritone solo composer  
Berliner 01063 7-in. 3/10/1900 Mephisto's serenade George Broderick Male vocal solo composer  
Berliner 01094 7-in. 3/14/1900 Soldier's chorus Royal Italian Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]69 7-in. 6/8/1900 Mephisto's serenade George Broderick Male vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]432 7-in. 10/18/1900 Gems from Faust Charles D'Almaine Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]437 7-in. 10/19/1900 Dio possente Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]437 10-in. 10/8/1902 Dio possente Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]443 7-in. 10/19/1900 Dio dell'oro Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]443 10-in. 10/8/1902 Dio dell'oro Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]465 7-in. 10/27/1900 Gounod's serenade Jean Moeremans Saxophone solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]549 7-in. 12/4/1900 Gounod's serenade Rosalia Chalia Soprano vocal solo, with flute obbligato composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]550 7-in. 12/4/1900 Ave Maria Rosalia Chalia Soprano vocal solo, with flute obbligato composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]562 7-in. 12/5/1900 Nazareth J. J. Fisher Male vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1003 7-in. June 1900 Serenata Nazzareno Franchi Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1208 7-in. 1/21/1902 Waltz from Faust Charles D'Almaine Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1208 10-in. 1/21/1902 Waltz from Faust Charles D'Almaine Violin solo, with piano composer  
(Results 1-25 of 887 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Gounod, Charles," accessed October 25, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102530.

Gounod, Charles. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 25, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102530.

"Gounod, Charles." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 25 October 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102530

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