Percy Aldridge Grainger (born George Percy Grainger; 8 July 1882 – 20 February 1961) was an Australian-born composer, arranger and pianist who lived in the United States from 1914 and became an American citizen in 1918. In the course of a long and innovative career, he played a prominent role in the revival of interest in British folk music in the early years of the 20th century. Although much of his work was experimental and unusual, the piece with which he is most generally associated is his piano arrangement of the folk-dance tune " Country Gardens".
Grainger left Australia at the age of 13 to attend the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt. Between 1901 and 1914 he was based in London, where he established himself first as a society pianist and later as a concert performer, composer and collector of original folk melodies. As his reputation grew he met many of the significant figures in European music, forming important friendships with Frederick Delius and Edvard Grieg. He became a champion of Nordic music and culture, his enthusiasm for which he often expressed in private letters, sometimes in crudely racial or anti-Semitic terms.
In 1914, Grainger moved to the United States, where he lived for the rest of his life, though he travelled widely in Europe and Australia. He served briefly as a bandsman in the United States Army during the First World War through 1917–18, and took American citizenship in 1918. After his mother's suicide in 1922, he became increasingly involved in educational work. He also experimented with music machines, which he hoped would supersede human interpretation. In the 1930s he set up the Grainger Museum in Melbourne, his birthplace, as a monument to his life and works, and as a future research archive. As he grew older, he continued to give concerts and to revise and rearrange his own compositions, while writing little new music. After the Second World War, ill health reduced his levels of activity. He considered his career a failure. He gave his last concert in 1960, less than a year before his death.
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Birth and Death Data: Born July 8, 1882 (Melbourne), Died February 20, 1961 (White Plains)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1914 - 1945
Roles Represented in DAHR: piano, composer, arranger, conductor, guitar, harmonium
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 126-150 of 160 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Columbia||W98613||12-in.||1/21/1929||Jutish medley||Percy Grainger||Piano solo||composer, instrumentalist, piano|
|Columbia||W98614||12-in.||1/21/1929||Jutish medley||Percy Grainger||Piano solo||composer, instrumentalist, piano|
|Columbia||W98743||12-in.||10/13/1931||Toccata and fugue in D minor for organ (1st half)||Percy Grainger||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Columbia||W98744||12-in.||10/13/1931||Toccata and fugue in D minor for organ (Completion)||Percy Grainger||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Columbia||W98745||12-in.||10/13/1931||Prelude and fugue in A minor for organ||Percy Grainger||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Columbia||W98746||12-in.||10/13/1931||Prelude and fugue in A minor for organ||Percy Grainger||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Columbia||W98747||12-in.||10/13/1931||Prelude and fugue in A minor for organ [Part 3]||Percy Grainger||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Columbia||W98748||12-in.||10/15/1931||Fantasia and fugue in G minor for organ||Percy Grainger||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Columbia||W98749||12-in.||10/15/1931||Fantasia and fugue in G minor for organ (Completion)||Percy Grainger||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Columbia||W98750||12-in.||10/15/1931||Blithe bells||Percy Grainger||Piano solo||composer, instrumentalist, piano|
|Columbia||6398||12-in.||approximately 1914||Molly on the shore||London String Quartet||String quartet||composer|
|Columbia||6587||12-in.||approximately 1915||Shepherd's hey||New Queen's Hall Orchestra ; Henry J. Wood||Orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||6678||12-in.||approximately 1915||Irish tune from County Derry||New Queen's Hall Orchestra ; Henry J. Wood||Orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||75251||12-in.||approximately 1916||Handel in the Strand||New Queen's Hall Orchestra ; Henry J. Wood||Orchestra||composer|
|Brunswick||X13071-X13073||12-in.||5/9/1924||Molly on the shore||New York String Quartet||String quartet||composer|
|Brunswick||X13164-X13165||12-in.||5/23/1924||Molly on the shore||New York String Quartet||String quartet||composer|
|Brunswick||E27522||10-in.||5/9/1928||Shepherd’s hey (Saludo pastor)||Cleveland Orchestra ; Nikolai Sokoloff||Orchestra||composer|
|Brunswick||XC283-XC284||12-in.||5/3/1926||Shepherd’s hey||Cleveland Orchestra ; Nikolai Sokoloff||Orchestra||composer|
|Edison||7672||10-in.||12/9/1920||Molly on the shore||American Symphony Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Edison||8585||10-in.||9/9/1922||Country gardens||Alta Hill||Piano solo||composer|
|Decca||72665||10-in.||12/29/1944||The man I love||Percy Grainger||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||72666||10-in.||12/29/1944||Opening of Grieg's A minor piano concerto||Percy Grainger||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||72667||10-in.||12/29/1944||Country gardens/One more day, my John||Percy Grainger||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||72806||10-in.||4/4/1945||Nola||Percy Grainger||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||72807||10-in.||4/4/1945||Lento||Percy Grainger||instrumentalist, piano|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Grainger, Percy," accessed March 31, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102572.
Grainger, Percy. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved March 31, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102572.
"Grainger, Percy." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 31 March 2023.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
Wikipedia: Percy Grainger
Discogs: Percy Grainger
Allmusic: Percy Grainger
Linked Open Data Sources
LCNAR: Grainger, Percy, 1882-1961 - http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79124007
Wikidata: Percy Grainger - http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q318354
MusicBrainz: Percy Grainger - https://musicbrainz.org/artist/9d5a875f-9815-4384-9e4f-cd4ea4f2bc16
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