Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan MVO (13 May 1842 – 22 November 1900) was an English composer. He is best known for 14 operatic collaborations with the dramatist W. S. Gilbert, including H.M.S. Pinafore, The Pirates of Penzance and The Mikado. His works include 24 operas, 11 major orchestral works, ten choral works and oratorios, two ballets, incidental music to several plays, and numerous church pieces, songs, and piano and chamber pieces. His hymns and songs include "Onward, Christian Soldiers" and "The Lost Chord".
The son of a military bandmaster, Sullivan composed his first anthem at the age of eight and was later a soloist in the boys' choir of the Chapel Royal. In 1856, at 14, he was awarded the first Mendelssohn Scholarship by the Royal Academy of Music, which allowed him to study at the academy and then at the Leipzig Conservatoire in Germany. His graduation piece, incidental music to Shakespeare's The Tempest (1861), was received with acclaim on its first performance in London. Among his early major works were a ballet, L'Île Enchantée (1864), a symphony, a cello concerto (both 1866) and his Overture di Ballo (1870). To supplement the income from his concert works he wrote hymns, parlour ballads and other light pieces, and worked as a church organist and music teacher.
In 1866 Sullivan composed a one-act comic opera, Cox and Box, which is still widely performed. He wrote his first opera with W. S. Gilbert, Thespis, in 1871. Four years later, the impresario Richard D'Oyly Carte engaged Gilbert and Sullivan to create a one-act piece, Trial by Jury (1875). Its box-office success led to a series of twelve full-length comic operas by the collaborators. After the extraordinary success of H.M.S. Pinafore (1878) and The Pirates of Penzance (1879), Carte used his profits from the partnership to build the Savoy Theatre in 1881, and their joint works became known as the Savoy operas. Among the best known of the later operas are The Mikado (1885) and The Gondoliers (1889). Gilbert broke from Sullivan and Carte in 1890, after a quarrel over expenses at the Savoy. They reunited in the 1890s for two more operas, but these did not achieve the popularity of their earlier works.
Sullivan's infrequent serious pieces during the 1880s included two cantatas, The Martyr of Antioch (1880) and The Golden Legend (1886), his most popular choral work. He also wrote incidental music for West End productions of several Shakespeare plays and held conducting and academic appointments. Sullivan's only grand opera, Ivanhoe, though initially successful in 1891, has rarely been revived. In his last decade Sullivan continued to compose comic operas with various librettists and wrote other major and minor works. He died at the age of 58, regarded as Britain's foremost composer. His comic opera style served as a model for generations of musical theatre composers that followed, and his music is still frequently performed, recorded and pastiched.
Birth and Death Data: Born May 13th, 1842 (London), Died November 22nd, 1900 (London)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1896 - 1953
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 463 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Berliner||823||7-in.||4/10/1897||Onward Christian soldiers||Brass quartet (unidentified; Berliner Gramophone Co.)||Brass quartet, with piano||composer|
|Berliner||994||7-in.||4/18/1896||Onward Christian soldiers||J. W. Myers||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Berliner||1789||7-in.||9/30/1898||The lost chord||William F. Hooley||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Berliner||3401||7-in.||7/15/1897||The lost chord||Artists vary||Cornet solo||composer|
|Berliner||0206||7-in.||6/10/1899||The Mikado march||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Berliner||0293||7-in.||6/27/1899||Iolanthe : Trio||Original Lyric Trio||Mixed vocal trio||composer|
|Berliner||0383||7-in.||7/15/1899||Onward Christian soldiers||Haydn Quartet||Male vocal quartet||composer|
|Berliner||01020||7-in.||Feb. 1900||The absent minded beggar||S. H. Dudley||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Berliner||01261||7-in.||4/27/1900||Farewell my own||Original Lyric Trio||Mixed vocal trio||composer|
|Berliner||01262||7-in.||4/27/1900||H.M.S. Pinafore : Selection||Original Lyric Trio||Mixed vocal trio||composer|
|Berliner||01263||7-in.||4/27/1900||The flowers that bloom in the spring||Original Lyric Trio||Mixed vocal trio||composer|
|Berliner||01268||7-in.||4/28/1900||The lost chord||E. Francisco [i.e., Emilio de Gorgorza]||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]81||7-in.||6/9/1900||The absent-minded beggar||George Broderick||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]103||7-in.||6/15/1900||When I was a lad||Lyric Trio||Mixed vocal trio||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]103||10-in.||11/7/1901||When I was a lad||Lyric Trio||Mixed vocal trio||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]199||7-in.||9/15/1900||The absent-minded beggar||S. H. Dudley||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]297||7-in.||11/7/1900||Farewell, my own||Lyric Trio||Mixed vocal trio||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]297||10-in.||11/7/1901||Farewell my own||Lyric Trio||Mixed vocal trio||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]298||7-in.||11/7/1900||Trio from Iolanthe||Lyric Trio||Mixed vocal trio||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]298||10-in.||11/7/1901||Trio from Iolanthe||Lyric Trio||Mixed vocal trio||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]386||7-in.||12/6/1900||Selection from The Mikado||Metropolitan Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]387||7-in.||12/6/1900||Selection from The Mikado||Metropolitan Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]388||7-in.||12/6/1900||Selection from Patience||Metropolitan Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]389||7-in.||12/6/1900||Selection from Patience||Metropolitan Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]390||7-in.||12/6/1900||Selection from Iolanthe||Metropolitan Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Sullivan, Arthur," accessed September 22, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102694.
Sullivan, Arthur. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved September 22, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102694.
"Sullivan, Arthur." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 22 September 2021.
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