Jacques Offenbach (, also US: , French: [ʒak ɔfɛnbak], German: [ˈʔɔfn̩bax] (listen); 20 June 1819 – 5 October 1880) was a German-French composer, cellist and impresario of the romantic period. He is remembered for his nearly 100 operettas of the 1850s–1870s and his uncompleted opera The Tales of Hoffmann. He was a powerful influence on later composers of the operetta genre, particularly Johann Strauss, Jr. and Arthur Sullivan. His best-known works were continually revived during the 20th century, and many of his operettas continue to be staged in the 21st. The Tales of Hoffmann remains part of the standard opera repertory.
Born in Cologne, the son of a synagogue cantor, Offenbach showed early musical talent. At the age of 14, he was accepted as a student at the Paris Conservatoire but found academic study unfulfilling and left after a year. From 1835 to 1855 he earned his living as a cellist, achieving international fame, and as a conductor. His ambition, however, was to compose comic pieces for the musical theatre. Finding the management of Paris' Opéra-Comique company uninterested in staging his works, in 1855 he leased a small theatre in the Champs-Élysées. There he presented a series of his own small-scale pieces, many of which became popular.
In 1858, Offenbach produced his first full-length operetta, Orphée aux enfers ("Orpheus in the Underworld"), which was exceptionally well received and has remained one of his most played works. During the 1860s, he produced at least 18 full-length operettas, as well as more one-act pieces. His works from this period included La belle Hélène (1864), La Vie parisienne (1866), La Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein (1867) and La Périchole (1868). The risqué humour (often about sexual intrigue) and mostly gentle satiric barbs in these pieces, together with Offenbach's facility for melody, made them internationally known, and translated versions were successful in Vienna, London and elsewhere in Europe.
Offenbach became associated with the Second French Empire of Napoleon III; the emperor and his court were genially satirised in many of Offenbach's operettas. Napoleon III personally granted him French citizenship and the Légion d'Honneur. With the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, Offenbach found himself out of favour in Paris because of his imperial connections and his German birth. He remained successful in Vienna and London, however. He re-established himself in Paris during the 1870s, with revivals of some of his earlier favourites and a series of new works, and undertook a popular U.S. tour. In his last years he strove to finish The Tales of Hoffmann, but died before the premiere of the opera, which has entered the standard repertory in versions completed or edited by other musicians.
Birth and Death Data: Born June 20th, 1819 (Cologne), Died Paris
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1900 - 1945
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, lyricist
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 158 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Berliner||01088||7-in.||3/14/1900||Overture||Royal Italian Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1434||10-in.||6/19/1902||Orpheus : Overture||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix C-]1434||12-in.||6/19/1902||Orpheus : Overture||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-2730||12-in.||9/6/1905||Orphée aux enfers overture||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-4107||10-in.||12/6/1906||Legende||Gudrun Carlson ; Johannes Herskind||Female-male vocal duet, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-4109||10-in.||12/6/1906||Fritz og Lise||Gudrun Carlson ; Johannes Herskind||Female-male vocal duet, with piano||composer|
|Victor||BVE-4963||10-in.||3/23/1926||Les contes d'Hoffmann : Barcarolle||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-5000||12-in.||1/7/1908||Air de Dapertutto||Marcel Journet||Bass vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-6046||10-in.||3/25/1908||C'est elle||Charles Dalmorès||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-6048||10-in.||3/25/1908||O Dieu de quelle ivresse||Charles Dalmorès||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-6342||10-in.||8/12/1908||Barcarolle||Valentine Abt ; Roy Butin||Mandolin and harp-guitar duet||composer|
|Victor||B-8274||10-in.||10/4/1909||Barcarolle||Geraldine Farrar ; Antonio Scotti||Vocal duet (soprano and baritone), with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-8307||10-in.||10/19/1909||Barcarolle||Vienna Quartet||Instrumental quartet||composer|
|Victor||B-8394||10-in.||11/22/1909||Barcarolle||Mr. and Mrs. Wheeler||Female-male vocal duet, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BB-8756||10-in.||3/28/1910||L'amour de l'Apache||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-8790||10-in.||4/4/1910||L'anima in teriposa||David Devriès ; Gabrielle Lejeune-Gilibert||Vocal duet (mezzo-soprano and tenor), with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-9065||10-in.||6/8/1910||Offenbachiana||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||BB-9787||10-in.||1/12/1911||Les contes d'Hoffmann : Barcarolle||Guido Gialdini||Whistling solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-9930||12-in.||2/8/1911||Les contes d'Hoffmann : Selection||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-10614||10-in.||6/26/1911||Pieśń Styxa||Karol Wachtel||Male vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-11098||10-in.||10/13/1911||Barcarolle||Victor Herbert's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-11144||12-in.||10/27/1911||Gems from The tales of Hoffmann||Victor Light Opera Company||Vocal chorus and soloists, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-11144||12-in.||7/12/1928||Gems from The tales of Hoffmann||Victor Opera Company||Vocal chorus and soloists, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Offenbach, Jacques," accessed October 29, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102760.
Offenbach, Jacques. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 29, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102760.
"Offenbach, Jacques." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 29 October 2020.
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