London Philharmonic Orchestra

The London Philharmonic Orchestra (LPO) is a British orchestra and one of five permanent symphony orchestras based in London. It was founded by the conductors Sir Thomas Beecham and Malcolm Sargent in 1932 as a rival to the existing London Symphony Orchestra and BBC Symphony Orchestra.

The founders' ambition was to build an orchestra the equal of any European or American rival. Between 1932 and the Second World War the LPO was widely judged to have succeeded in this regard. After the outbreak of war, the orchestra's private backers withdrew and the players reconstituted the LPO as a self-governing cooperative. In the post-war years, the orchestra faced challenges from two new rivals; the Philharmonia and the Royal Philharmonic, founded respectively in 1946 and 1947, achieved a quality of playing not matched by the older orchestras, including the LPO.

By the 1960s the LPO had regained its earlier standards, and in 1964 it secured a valuable engagement to play in the Glyndebourne Festival opera house during the summer months. In 1993 it was appointed resident orchestra of the Royal Festival Hall on the south bank of the Thames, one of London's major concert venues. Since 1995 the residency has been jointly held with the Philharmonia. In addition to its work at the Festival Hall and Glyndebourne, the LPO performs regularly at the Congress Theatre, Eastbourne and the Brighton Dome, and tours nationally and internationally.

Since Beecham, the orchestra has had ten principal conductors, including Sir Adrian Boult, Bernard Haitink, Sir Georg Solti, Klaus Tennstedt and Vladimir Jurowski. The orchestra has been active in recording studios since its earliest days, and has played on hundreds of sets made by EMI, Decca and other companies. Since 2005 the LPO has had its own record label, issuing live recordings of concerts. The orchestra has played on numerous film soundtracks, including Lawrence of Arabia (1962) and the Lord of the Rings trilogy (2001–03).

Birth and Death Data: Born 1932

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1934 - 1938

Roles Represented in DAHR: Musical group

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Gramophone 0EA1174 10-in. 9/12/1938 When the stars were brightly shining Webster Booth ; Warwick Braithwaite ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 0EA1175 10-in. 9/12/1938 Strange harmony of contrasts Webster Booth ; Warwick Braithwaite ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA824 12-in. 9/3/1934 Symphony no. 5 in C minor Serge Koussevitzky ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA825 12-in. 9/3/1934 Symphony no. 5 in C minor Serge Koussevitzky ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA826 12-in. 9/3/1934 Symphony no. 5 in C minor Serge Koussevitzky ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA827 12-in. 9/3/1934 Symphony no. 5 in C minor Serge Koussevitzky ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA828 12-in. 9/3/1934 Symphony no. 5 in C minor Serge Koussevitzky ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA829 12-in. 9/3/1934 Symphony no. 5, in C minor Serge Koussevitzky ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA830 12-in. 9/3/1934 Symphony no. 5 in C minor Serge Koussevitzky ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA831 12-in. 9/3/1934 Symphony no. 5 in C minor Serge Koussevitzky ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA832 12-in. 9/3/1934 Symphony no. 5 in C minor Serge Koussevitzky ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA833 12-in. 9/4/1934 Symphony in G Major Serge Koussevitzky ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA840 12-in. 9/7/1934 Symphony no. 3 in E flat major "Eroica" Serge Koussevitzky ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA848 12-in. 9/7/1934 Symphony no. 3 in E flat major "Eroica" Serge Koussevitzky ; London Philharmonic Orchestra Orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA1457 12-in. 4/5/1935 Concerto no. 2 in B flat major London Philharmonic Orchestra ; Malcolm Sargent ; Artur Schnabel Piano and orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA1458 12-in. 4/5/1935 Concerto no. 2 in B flat major London Philharmonic Orchestra ; Malcolm Sargent ; Artur Schnabel Piano and orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA1459 12-in. 4/5/1935 Concerto no. 2 in B flat major London Philharmonic Orchestra ; Malcolm Sargent ; Artur Schnabel Piano and orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA1460 12-in. 4/5/1935 Concerto no. 2 in B flat major London Philharmonic Orchestra ; Malcolm Sargent ; Artur Schnabel Piano and orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA1461 12-in. 4/5/1935 Concerto no. 2 in B flat major London Philharmonic Orchestra ; Malcolm Sargent ; Artur Schnabel Piano and orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA1462 12-in. 4/5/1935 Concerto no. 2 in B flat major London Philharmonic Orchestra ; Malcolm Sargent ; Artur Schnabel Piano and orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA1463 12-in. 4/5/1935 Concerto no. 2 in B flat major London Philharmonic Orchestra ; Malcolm Sargent ; Artur Schnabel Piano and orchestra Musical group  
Gramophone 2EA1464 12-in. 4/5/1935 Concerto no. 2 in B flat major London Philharmonic Orchestra ; Malcolm Sargent ; Artur Schnabel Piano and orchestra Musical group  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "London Philharmonic Orchestra," accessed July 26, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103036.

London Philharmonic Orchestra. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved July 26, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103036.

"London Philharmonic Orchestra." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 26 July 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103036

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