Earl Kenneth Hines, also known as Earl "Fatha" Hines (December 28, 1903 – April 22, 1983), was an American jazz pianist and bandleader. He was one of the most influential figures in the development of jazz piano and, according to one source, "one of a small number of pianists whose playing shaped the history of jazz".
The trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie (a member of Hines's big band, along with Charlie Parker) wrote, "The piano is the basis of modern harmony. This little guy came out of Chicago, Earl Hines. He changed the style of the piano. You can find the roots of Bud Powell, Herbie Hancock, all the guys who came after that. If it hadn't been for Earl Hines blazing the path for the next generation to come, it's no telling where or how they would be playing now. There were individual variations but the style of ... the modern piano came from Earl Hines."
The pianist Lennie Tristano said, "Earl Hines is the only one of us capable of creating real jazz and real swing when playing all alone." Horace Silver said, "He has a completely unique style. No one can get that sound, no other pianist". Erroll Garner said, "When you talk about greatness, you talk about Art Tatum and Earl Hines".
Count Basie said that Hines was "the greatest piano player in the world".
Birth and Death Data: Born December 28th, 1903 (Duquesne), Died April 22nd, 1983 (Oakland)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1926 - 1968
Roles Represented in DAHR: piano, director, songwriter, composer, leader, vocalist, speaker, celeste
Recordings (Results 26-50 of 194 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||BVE-57325||10-in.||10/25/1929||Blue nights||Earl Hines Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, piano, director|
|Victor||BVE-70598||10-in.||3/1/1932||You can depend on me||Chicago Hot Five||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-74757||10-in.||12/29/1932||Seré siempre fiel||Trini Varela||Female vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-86459||10-in.||12/14/1934||Deep forest||Paul Whiteman Concert Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-88781||10-in.||3/6/1935||Rosetta||Fats Waller and his Rhythm||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-88782||10-in.||3/6/1935||Rosetta||Fats Waller and his Rhythm||Jazz/dance band||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-89500||10-in.||4/1/1935||Rosetta||Four Towers Orchestra ; Al Graff ; Ray Nichols||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-94512||10-in.||8/14/1935||Rosetta||Joe Kennedy Rhythm Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-94517||10-in.||8/14/1935||You can depend on me||Joe Kennedy Rhythm Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||songwriter|
|Victor||PBS-97017||10-in.||9/27/1935||Madhouse||Benny Goodman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-100887||10-in.||8/4/1936||You can depend on me||Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra ; Dick Vance||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-102766||10-in.||6/21/1936||Madhouse||Bob Pope Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-04238||10-in.||1/14/1937||Rosetta||Benny Goodman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-027974||10-in.||10/24/1938||Rosetta||Three's A Crowd||Clarinet, guitar, and piano||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-031460||10-in.||1/13/1939||Rosetta||Frankie Newton Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-038255||10-in.||7/12/1939||Indiana||Earl Hines Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||director, instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||BS-038256||10-in.||7/12/1939||G. T. stomp||Earl Hines Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||director, instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||BS-038257||10-in.||7/12/1939||Ridin' and jivin'||Earl Hines Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||director, instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||BS-038258||10-in.||7/12/1939||Grand Terrace shuffle||Earl Hines Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer, director, instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||BS-038259||10-in.||7/12/1939||Father steps in||Earl Hines Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||director, songwriter, instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||BS-038260||10-in.||7/12/1939||Piano man||Earl Hines Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with vocal||instrumentalist, piano, director, composer|
|Victor||BS-040474||10-in.||10/6/1939||Riff medley||Earl Hines Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, piano, songwriter, director|
|Victor||BS-040475||10-in.||10/6/1939||Me and Columbus||Earl Hines Orchestra ; Laura Rucker||Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo||instrumentalist, piano, director|
|Victor||BS-040476||10-in.||10/6/1939||X Y Z||Earl Hines Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||songwriter, instrumentalist, piano, director|
|Victor||BS-040477||10-in.||10/6/1939||'Gator swing||Earl Hines Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, piano, director|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Hines, Earl," accessed December 3, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103056.
Hines, Earl. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 3, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103056.
"Hines, Earl." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 3 December 2020.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
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