Leon Jessel, or Léon Jessel (January 22, 1871 – January 4, 1942), was a German composer of operettas and light classical music pieces. Today he is best known internationally as the composer of the popular jaunty march The Parade of the Tin Soldiers, also known as The Parade of the Wooden Soldiers. Jessel was a prolific composer who wrote hundreds of light orchestral pieces, piano pieces, songs, waltzes, mazurkas, marches, choruses, and other salon music. He achieved considerable acclaim with a number of his operettas — in particular Schwarzwaldmädel (Black Forest Girl), which remains popular to this day.
Because Jessel was a Jew by birth (he converted to Christianity at the age of 23), with the rise of Nazism in the late 1920s, his composing virtually came to an end, and his musical works, which had been very popular, were suppressed and nearly forgotten.
Birth and Death Data: Born January 22nd, 1871 (Szczecin), Died January 4th, 1942 (Berlin)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1913 - 1940
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 29 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-13449||10-in.||6/18/1913||The wedding of the rose||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-13549||10-in.||7/9/1913||The wedding of the rose||Conway's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-26372||10-in.||5/19/1922||Parade of the wooden soldiers||International Novelty Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-26372||10-in.||1/25/1928||Parade of the wooden soldiers||International Concert Orchestra||Orchestra, with pipe organ||composer|
|Victor||BVE-27268||10-in.||1/11/1928||Parade of the wooden soldiers||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||B-27268||10-in.||12/28/1922||Parade of the wooden soldiers||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||B-31621||10-in.||12/30/1924||Erklingen zum Tanze die Geigen||Max Bloch ; Editha Fleischer||Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-31622||10-in.||12/30/1924||Lachende Augen||Max Bloch ; Editha Fleischer||Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-41108||10-in.||11/25/1927||The parade of the wooden soldiers||Nathaniel Shilkret ; Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-48033||10-in.||11/7/1928||The wedding of the rose||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BS-037680||10-in.||6/23/1939||Parade of the wooden soliders||Larry Clinton Orchestra ; Ford Leary||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||BS-057050||10-in.||10/29/1940||Parade of the wooden soldiers||Collins H. Driggs||Novachord solo||composer|
|Columbia||47152||10-in.||11/13/1916||The wedding of the rose||Prince's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||80344||10-in.||5/11/1922||Parade of the wooden soldiers||Ray Miller Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Columbia||6442||12-in.||approximately 1915||Parade of the tin soldiers||Band of the Grenadier Guards (Great Britain)||Band||composer|
|OKeh||S-7417||10-in.||May 1920||The wedding of the rose||Conway's Band||Band||composer|
|OKeh||S-70681||10-in.||May 1922||Parade of the wooden soldiers||Hotel Pennsylvania Orchestra ; Vincent Lopez||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Brunswick||8188-8190||10-in.||approximately May 1922||Parade of the wooden soldiers||Carl Fenton’s Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Brunswick||10318-10319||10-in.||4/10/1923||Die Parade der Zinnsoldaten||Elise Bendix ; Paul Bendix ; Georg Seidel||Mixed vocal trio, with orchestra||composer|
|Brunswick||10320-10321||10-in.||4/10/1923||Die Parade der Zinnsoldaten||Elise Bendix ; Paul Bendix ; Georg Seidel||Mixed vocal trio, with orchestra||composer|
|Brunswick||10340-10341||10-in.||4/11/1923||Parade of the wooden soldiers||Walter B. Rogers Band||Band||composer|
|Brunswick||MP26||10-in.||approximately Mar. 1929||Parade of the wooden soldiers||Eddie Dunstedter||Organ solo||composer|
|Brunswick||E27959||10-in.||8/2/1928||Parade of the wooden soldiers||Anglo-Persians ; Louis Katzman||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Edison||7301||10-in.||4/20/1920||The wedding of the rose||Conway's Band||Band||composer|
|Edison||8456||10-in.||5/17/1922||Parade of the wooden soldiers||Vincent Lopez Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Jessel, Léon," accessed December 7, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103540.
Jessel, Léon. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 7, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103540.
"Jessel, Léon." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 7 December 2021.
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